Everyone knows the words “oncology” or “cancer”. However, if I ask you: do you know the initial manifestations of typical female cancerous tumors, what signs will you name? You probably won’t be able to name them.
Oncological diseases occupy one of the leading places in the structure of mortality. Women have many features in comparison with men in the development of oncological diseases: they most often suffer from cancer appendages, cervix and mammary gland. Although there may be other localizations of tumors.
With early treatment of a woman to a doctor, a cure for cancer is quite possible – modern medicine has proven this more than once. However, our women are afraid or embarrassed to go to the doctor with seemingly trifling complaints and make a serious mistake, wasting precious time. Goodshapetips will talk about the main symptoms of cancer in the weak half of humanity.
One of the most alarming symptoms for women should be bleeding after menopause – that is, a year after the cessation of menstruation. Periods cannot return if they have already stopped. Do not think that this is normal – consult a doctor to clarify the circumstances.
Another serious symptom should be spotting after intercourse, intermenstrual bleeding or too heavy menstruation for 10-12 days, the appearance of pain during menstruation – this may be a sign of hormonal changes or cancer of the cervix or appendages.
The initial stages of cervical cancer are not difficult to diagnose, a smear is taken from the cervical canal for the study of special cells (cytology) and cancer markers.
To determine ovarian cancer, the volume of studies is more, ultrasound and blood tests for special markers specific to ovarian cancer are necessary.
One of the signs of some types of endometrial cancer (the inner wall of the uterus), along with bleeding, is the appearance of unusual watery discharge with or without ichor from the genital tract. This symptom should be given special attention – sometimes, starting as a sign of infection, chronic inflammation passes into the oncogenic stage.
This type of cancer, with timely diagnosis, is treated surgically and can be completely cured of the disease.
3. Breast changes
Every woman from 25-30 years old needs to know about self-examination of the breast. This is a completely painless procedure, which is recommended once a month at home in front of a mirror. With regular carrying out of this procedure on the same day of the cycle, you will thoroughly examine the tissue of the gland, which will allow you to notice a change in the breast or nipple in time.
Signs for concern should be any external differences compared to previous examinations:
- the appearance of a network of blood vessels on the skin, age spots or areas of “orange peel”,
- change in the shape of the breast or nipple,
- the appearance of seals in the chest, which are not painful.
- discoloration of the areola of the nipple (if you are not pregnant and not lactating) and its peeling,
- discharge from the nipple, in the absence of lactation, especially if they are bloody or whitish.
- the appearance of dimples on the skin,
- an increase in the temperature of the chest or its separate area.
These symptoms are a reason to see a doctor immediately.
One of the first symptoms of genital cancer in women is itching and discomfort in the area of the labia, irritation or skin changenot associated with infections or allergies. These changes are usually long and progressive – therefore, at the slightest discomfort, go to the doctor for an examination.
5. Abdominal pain
Ovarian cancer is considered very difficult to diagnose, it practically does not give specific symptoms. Therefore, a woman should carefully monitor her health. There are a set of signs that allow you to suspect something is wrong and consult a doctor – pain in the lower abdomen or in the middle of the abdomen, frequent urination problems or urine leakageand these symptoms should progress and intensify.
Of course, these symptoms are non-specific, but in combination with other signs, they can push a woman to see a doctor.
If you have no symptoms of a cold or other infection, there are no chronic diseases that could worsen, and temperature keeps more than a week, or even two, you need to see a doctor, one of the signs of cancerous tumors is a persistent increase in temperature for a long time, not sensitive to antipyretics.
7. Digestive problems
One of the symptoms of cancerous tumors are long-term and persistent disorders in the digestive system – this is a constant nausea and loss of appetite, constipation or diarrhea, blood in stool varying degrees of intensity, up to bleeding from the rectum. Such digestive disorders can, of course, be signs of other intestinal problems. But they can be symptoms of rectal cancer.
8. Weight violation
Can be considered a symptom of cancer sharp weight change. Less often, its sharp set is observed, usually oncology is accompanied by a sharp weight loss up to cachexia – this symptom appears in the later stages, when the tumor seriously undermines the strength of the body and does not allow the body to eat, taking everything for itself.
9. Change in the size of the abdomen
One of the symptoms of uterine or ovarian cancer is a sharp increase in the circumference of the abdomenalmost like during pregnancy. Often women do not attach any importance to this fact, believing that they just gained weight, but this is often either a tumor growth or an accumulation of inflammatory fluid in the abdomen.
In addition, abdominal growth can occur due to persistent bloating in the intestines and stretching of the intestinal loops. If you do not have a sharp change in lifestyle and diet, this is an alarming signal and a reason to go to the doctor.
10. Fatigue and lethargy
Often the symptoms of cancer areweakness, lethargy, or extreme fatigue. They arise due to the progression of the tumor, the release of toxic substances by it and the “eating” of the host.
Due to this, a person experiences a deficiency of vitamins, minerals, this also gives weakness and loss of strength. If fatigue interferes with your usual life, this is a reason to go to the doctor.
Of course, these symptoms are not only signs of oncology, they may indicate other diseases, but if you find at least 3-5 out of 10 symptoms in yourself, consult a doctor to check your health.