Today, menstrual disorders are one of the most common gynecological abnormalities. Almost all women experience this at least once in their lives. But one thing is a “random” failure caused by stress, another thing is constant delays. Goodshapetips – about how to return the body to its usual biological rhythm.
In women born and raised in our latitudes, the first menstruation occurs, as a rule, from 12 to 13.5 years. During the first year, the cycle is established. And yet, for this first year (as, in fact, the subsequent ones), at least 8 cycles must pass. If, after the age of 14, menstruation still has not begun, the girl needs an examination..
The duration of the cycle is counted from the beginning of one menstruation to the beginning of the next: a minimum of 21 days, a maximum of 33. A delay of 14 days or more is considered a serious problem. (sometimes up to 6 months) – the so-called state of oligoovulation. There are also reverse situations when menstruation, on the contrary, comes too often.
On the other hand, if for many years the cycle was 21-22 days, and then suddenly became longer, perhaps this is also a wake-up call. It is worth paying attention to the duration of the discharges themselves: for example, if from 5-7 days this process has been reduced to 1-3.
Search for “guilty”
one. The most common (and most banal) cause of failures is pelvic infections. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to be examined for the pathogen (it can be, for example, chlamydia, uroplasma, mycoplasma) and to carry out anti-inflammatory treatment. If the problem was reduced to an infection, as a rule, cycle violations no longer recur.
2. Much more difficult is the situation when the irregularity of the cycle hides hormonal disorders. They can occur at different levels of hormone formation, so there is a certain list of them, which must be checked.
The general examination plan includes study of the thyroid gland, – and violations here can be associated both with its hyperfunction, and, conversely, with a decrease in activity. Sometimes the problem is related to a change in the function of the adrenal glands.
3. Hormonal disruptions can also occur in the ovaries themselves. However, it is not necessarily due to inflammation at the moment. Alas, the cause may be, for example, a high infectious index in childhood: that is, frequent colds in a girl under 12 years old.
four. The transferred rubella and chickenpox can also affect the laying of follicles in the ovary, and sometimes violations occur literally from the very first cycle. The difficulty here is that adolescents themselves rarely pay attention to this, and therefore the problem is diagnosed much later.
It happens that cycle disorders reflect a whole range of causes, including hormonal ones.
Is hormonal correction necessary?
This issue is resolved individually. If the patient has minor changes in the hormonal background in the form of small delays for 5-10 days and there is already some kind of structural pathology in the ovaries, it is often possible to regulate the cycle with homeopathic remedies in combination with cyclic vitamin therapy.
Other non-pharmacological means (for example, physiotherapy) are also widely used. To be successful, an integrated approach is essential.
A consultation with a medical psychologist may also come in handy, because hormonal changes are manifested not only in cycle disorders: acne on the skin, male pattern hair growth easily become reasons for complexes.
At the same time, there is no need to expect an immediate effect from the treatment, since it is carried out within 9-10 months.
What else can cause a cycle disorder?
Pros and cons of hormone treatment
If a woman has pronounced changes in the hormonal background, as evidenced by delays of 2-3, or even 6 months, it is impossible to cope here without hormonal correction.
Often in such patients there are delays in the development of the uterus. Fortunately, it is quite possible to help her with modern methods.
5. It happens that the follicular apparatus is genetically laid down in such a way that a woman will have cycle disorders all her life. – so-called polycystic ovaries. Typically, these patients are in the dispensary.
If long-term treatment is necessary between courses of hormonal drugs, the woman’s body is given a break from the intense effects of medications using the methods mentioned above.
When deciding on hormone treatment, any woman will ask herself the question: “How will the use of these drugs affect her appearance?” The fact is that a comprehensive examination of patients with menstrual irregularities includes an examination for insulin.
If the patient has insulin resistance, there is a risk of getting better on the background of hormones. Fortunately, this issue can be completely solved by a “workaround”, – after all taking the pill does not increase weight, but appetite. Given this factor, the patient is prescribed, for example, hypocaloric diet. The woman herself notices an increase in appetite.
And if she is ready to take care of herself, she will be taught how to calculate her calorie intake so as not to put on weight. Some people also want to lose weight.
What are we risking?
Primarily, cycle disorders are associated with the risk of developing uterine tumors – such as, for example, fibroids, ovarian cysts. They cause some pain. In addition, the cyst may also rupture – and this is an emergency situation requiring surgical intervention.
At the moment when there is a delay in menstrual function, hormones continue their work – only more slowly than necessary. Gradually, the necessary layer grows in the uterus, which, in theory, should come out during menstruation. Sometimes that’s how it happens.
However the longer the delays, the more often hyperplasia forms instead (thickening of the inner layer), polyps. If they are not surgically removed and left untreated for more than 5 years, there is a 20% risk of cancer.
Due to the inadequate production of hormones with an irregular cycle, there is a potential threat of infertility. Due to violations of the cycle, the eggs do not always have time to mature: as a result, instead of a full-fledged menstruation, a menstrual-like reaction is obtained.
It is clear that in such a situation it is very problematic to get pregnant. And that’s half the trouble! When the desired pregnancy nevertheless occurs, the next danger lies in wait for the woman – the threat of miscarriage.
So, cycle violations should not be ignoredbecause, being indicators of already existing health problems, they can lead to very serious diseases. Self-diagnosis is elementary here – it is only important to notice any deviations in time and contact a qualified specialist.
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