Despite the fact that skiing is one of the most extreme sports, the risks of getting a fatal injury at the resort are low and do not exceed the chance of injury, for example, in an accident. But fractures of the ankle, lower leg, sprains or torn ligaments continue to be the most common on the ski slopes.
If you are still injured, first of all evaluate your well-being, do not try to stand up abruptly, test body parts one by one. Try to fix the damaged part of the body in one position, you can try to gently apply a bandage with an elastic bandage. It is not recommended to heat the “sore spot”, since the nature of the damage is still unknown, and in case of fractures and sprains, this is strictly prohibited.
If you are surrounded by people, be sure to contact them for help and escort you to the medical center. There are times when no one is around. In such situations, it is important to notify a friend/relative or on-duty instructor/rescuer of where you are going and of your expected return time before heading out to the track. This becomes vital in cases where there is no cell service and you cannot contact the rescue service, and this is not uncommon in the mountains. And at the same time, we understand that a visit to a doctor is mandatory, since many injuries have a delayed effect. For example, some types of post-traumatic hemorrhage can mature for several days before damaging the brain, or an improperly healed fracture of the bones of the wrist, squeezing, can disrupt the function of the main nerves or blood vessels, which in turn changes the sensitivity and movements of the hand or leads to swelling and congestion . And then you can not avoid visits to the orthopedist, surgeon or neurologist.
Follow the basic safety precautions so as not to overshadow your vacation. Assess the level of difficulty of the track before entering it. Choose a time with the least activity of people, and if this is not possible, then always move, keeping your distance, do not obstruct the passage and do not create obstacles for other skiers.
The risk of injury is leveled by the level of training and professionalism of the skier. If you are not a professional athlete, not very prepared or do not know how to ski at all, then choose a track with an easy descent or use the services of an instructor. With its help, you can master, for example, the technique of correct falling, which is very important for everyone. Here are a few basic rules: when falling, group and strain all your muscles as much as possible, bend your knees, press your chin to your chest in order to protect your head from a blow as much as possible.
Clothing can play an almost key role in your body’s thermoregulation mode, which will not only ensure comfort while skiing, but also help to avoid hypothermia or overheating. It is important that clothing is appropriate for the weather, as well as basic safety rules. This is especially true for children. It is better to exclude any ties and laces, scarves, jewelry, loose hair that can be easily caught.
In clothing for skiing, the principle of layering is usually followed. One of the layers is thermal underwear. If it is properly selected, it will retain freedom of movement, and, perhaps most importantly, it will correctly regulate heat transfer. Thermal underwear should fit snugly to the body in order to ensure proper thermoregulation, but at the same time not squeeze muscles, movements and stimulate blood circulation.
The right choice of thermal underwear will help to avoid not only hypothermia and overheating, but scuffs and diaper rash on the skin. If the latter nevertheless appeared, it would be better to contact a dermatologist in a timely manner. Also, a reasonable approach to choosing thermal underwear can allow you not to worry about washing it, because. special hygienic requirements are imposed on the material. This becomes extremely important, because after prolonged wear of synthetic and tight-fitting materials, a “thrush” for women and balanoposthitis for men can become an unpleasant companion, which entails visits to a gynecologist and urologist.
Burns and frostbite
The action of ultraviolet rays in bright sunlight is enhanced due to the decrease in the layer of the atmosphere when climbing mountains. Eye burns may occur. Approximately 4-6 hours after continuous exposure to the open sun without goggles, a person experiences pain in the eyes, spasms, redness, tearing, and vision may deteriorate sharply.
Use a ski goggle to protect your eyes from the harmful rays of the sun. It will protect your eyes not only from ultraviolet radiation, but also from possible damage, for example, from tree branches or grains of ice, as well as from the wind.
Lip balm or lip balm will help protect your lips if applied every 2 hours. Dry your lips after drinking and do not lick them while walking or riding. Moisture on the lips acts like a micro lens that enhances the effect of sunlight, and therefore increases the risk of damage.
Try to relax outdoors at the optimum air temperature. Up to – 10 with moderate humidity and no wind – the most suitable climatic conditions. If the temperature is lower and the weather is windy, then there is a risk of getting frostbite. Frostbite usually occurs on protruding or exposed areas of the body and limbs, so it most often affects the fingers or toes, face, nose, and ears. Symptoms: numbness of the extremities, and then no signs of pain. With this nature of the lesions, it is better to immediately contact the surgeon.
Alpine skis and snowboard equipment are heavy and need to be carried with you. In addition, the skier’s legs are subject to serious stress. Therefore, at the end of the first day of skiing, you are more likely to share with your loved ones that you can hardly move your legs. If you already have problems with the musculoskeletal system (spine, joints, ligaments), then it would be better to first discuss with an orthopedist / rheumatologist / neurologist whether such loads are contraindicated for you and how to optimize rest and care for your body, for example, use soft elastic orthoses protecting vulnerabilities.
Skiing can be dangerous when drunk. Even a glass of wine slows down the reaction. And at an altitude of two thousand meters, intoxication occurs several times faster. Under the influence of alcohol in the body, lightness and plasticity are felt, fear is completely absent, a feeling of freedom, a sense of speed appears. But there are statistics of accidents at ski resorts that occurred while intoxicated. There can be not only a weakening of attention and an overestimation of strength, but also hypothermia, because a person under the influence of alcohol does not feel the signals of his body about cold, fatigue and danger.
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