5 Warning Signs That You Have a Gut Problem

Health Tips

1. Abdominal pain

The very first and most significant symptom by which you can determine that you have problems with the intestines and be sure to seek the advice of a doctor. Thus, exacerbations of chronic or acute intestinal pathologies may appear.

Bright, intense, pulling pains with localization in the lower abdomen may indicate problems in the small intestine. Paroxysmal, giving to the side – left or right – indicate functional disorders in the large intestine.

Pain syndrome can be observed with intestinal dysbacteriosis – a condition in which the presence of beneficial bacteria and pathogenic organisms in it is unbalanced. The composition of the intestinal flora can change against the background of a qualitative change in nutrition, antibiotic therapy, hormonal changes and provoke disturbances in the work of other organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

Abdominal pain can also be felt with other diseases: with irritable bowel syndrome, as well as with colitis, enteritis, cholecystitis.
With severe pain, an ambulance call is required. In the event that acute surgical pathology is excluded, a visit to a gastroenterologist is required for examination and treatment.

2. Flatulence

This is increased flatulence, which is subjectively expressed by colic, bloating and copious gas. Normally, in a healthy person, the gastrointestinal tract contains no more than 200-300 ml of gases, which can enter the body when air is swallowed, for example, along with eating or smoking. Much more problematic is the situation when the formation of gases in the intestines is excessive due to bacterial overgrowth syndrome, when eating poor-quality food or products that cause fermentation.

If bloating is not a frequent phenomenon, then as a first aid it is enough to take a carminative (for example, espumizan) or any sorbent that will help neutralize toxins and pathogenic flora in the intestines (enterosgel, smecta), as well as drugs that relieve spasms (the most famous – this is no-shpa). It is necessary to refuse food intake, which can serve as a potential provocateur of such symptoms: fermented milk products, carbonated drinks, from vegetables and fruits – cabbage, tomatoes, peas, radishes, mushrooms, grapes.

At the same time, remember that flatulence may indicate serious diseases of the intestines and abdominal organs: gastroduodenitis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, intestinal obstruction, which can only be accurately diagnosed in a medical institution.

3. Constipation

This is a violation of the stool, which is characterized by irregularity (less than 3 times a week), as well as a dense consistency that requires excessive straining. A very common problem that can be caused by a number of reasons: an unhealthy lifestyle, diet, stress and specific drug therapy (taking antibiotics, for example), as well as age-related changes (in the elderly), hormonal imbalance (in pregnant women), in babies – with the introduction of complementary foods, due to a poorly developed digestive system, etc.

You can try to eliminate isolated cases of violation or lack of defecation on your own if you revise the diet by including the right foods in it. With regular constipation, laxatives should be used, which should be prescribed by a doctor. Independent and uncontrolled use of laxatives (especially irritants) can lead to adverse events and deterioration of well-being.

4. Diarrhea

Violation of the stool frequency can be manifested not only by its delay, but, conversely, by frequent urges to empty the stool and a liquid consistency. Such a symptom may be a manifestation of intestinal motility disorders, as a result of malnutrition or a stress factor, and this symptom may also be a manifestation of serious inflammatory diseases in the intestine (both infectious and non-infectious nature). Diarrhea may accompany cholecystitis, pancreatitis.

Diarrhea with an admixture of blood is a very dangerous symptom that requires immediate medical attention and examination. Along with severe painful spasms, possibly with vomiting, flatulence, may indicate intestinal obstruction – a disease in which blockage occurs. It can occur due to inflammation, internal bleeding, tumor diseases, the formation of nodes, etc.
Diarrhea of ​​any etiology is a reason to consult a doctor.

5. Bleeding

Admixtures of blood or mucus in the feces can indicate a variety of bowel diseases: from hemorrhoids, rectal fissures to polyps, Crohn’s disease and colorectal cancer. Although the nature and color of the discharge can suggest what clinical manifestations we are dealing with. Bleeding can be profuse or not abundant, with inclusions, purulent impurities, clots, their color may also differ – bright, scarlet or dark. In addition, it may be accompanied by other symptoms – pain, burning or itching.

Such symptoms are extremely dangerous, they are not subject to self-treatment and require immediate consultation with a proctologist and further treatment, often in a hospital setting.

If measures are not taken in time, then the disease can go into a chronic phase, when violations of the processes of digestion and absorption of nutrients can be permanent and gradually lead to complications: the formation of ulcers, abscesses, organ deformities, etc.

Photo: Vostock Photo

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