7 most common mistakes in the treatment of the common cold

Health Tips

1. Vasoconstrictors

Using vasoconstrictor drops is so natural and obvious for all of us. At the first symptoms of a runny nose, the patient is accustomed to immediately run to the pharmacy and buy the remedy that has already helped him once. In fact, there is no big difference what exactly you buy from vasoconstrictor drugs – tizin, ximelin, naphthyzinum, rhinostop or others. In all, the main active ingredient is xylometazoline or other analogues that are identical in composition.

As a result of prolonged use of such drops, their effectiveness decreases, the drug only relieves swelling and nasal congestion for a short period of time, and in order to breathe freely, we have to use the spray more and more. What is the danger of such a situation? As a result of long-term use, the immune response of our body to infections decreases with each “puff” and the vessels simply stop responding. And over time, they can generally atrophy to nasal preparations and lose the ability to narrow, which will lead to loss of smell. Therefore, the maximum allowable period of time during which you can use vasoconstrictor drops is 5 days.

2. Do not treat

If a runny nose is not treated at all, we not only risk earning ourselves complications, but also provoke chronic diseases that gradually give more severe symptoms than just nasal discharge. We are talking about sinusitis, sinusitis and other infectious diseases of the sinuses, which are accompanied by fever, severe headache and heaviness in the head, purulent discharge. And since all the ENT organs are quite close to each other, other systems are often exposed to diseases. Infection and viruses quickly spread from one organ to another, and against this background, otitis media, tracheitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, etc. can develop.

3. Folk remedies

You can use folk remedies for a cold as an accompanying and supportive therapy, in combination with medications and, of course, on the recommendation of a doctor. Medicine does not recommend instilling onion juice, for example, or other similar “home remedies”, into the nose. Onion juice is aggressive and can destroy not only pathogenic organisms, but also beneficial microflora in the nasal cavity, in addition, high concentrations of onion drops can burn the nasal mucosa or burn the main olfactory receptors.

The use of aloe juice and other medicinal plants, as well as essential oils, especially eucalyptus, menthol, is not recommended without a sensitivity test. Many of them are allergens, so using them randomly and thoughtlessly is a big mistake.

4. Warm your nose

Warm the nose during a runny nose. Sometimes dry heat helps with a runny nose – it’s true. But in a number of situations, such actions are useless, and in some they are completely contraindicated. For example, when rhinitis is accompanied by chills, fever, and purulent discharge from the nose, these are the first signals that the disease is of an infectious nature. If you start to warm the sinuses by applying warm objects to the wings of the nose (many use a warm boiled egg or salt), then the temperature in this area will increase, which will increase the inflammatory process and provoke the reproduction of pathogenic organisms.

5. Rinse your nose

Rinse your nose abundantly and often with saline solutions. In addition to the obvious benefits – cleaning the nasal passages and moisturizing the nasal mucosa – such a procedure can be harmful and provoke other serious diseases. The thing is that during washing, the liquid enters various parts of the ENT organs, and there is a high risk of infection, for example, in the ear cavity and provoke otitis media. In addition, saline solutions wash out of the body not only harmful, but also beneficial microflora, which creates an immune barrier for viruses and bacteria in the nasal and respiratory tract. This is why washing too often can harm our body by exposing it to infections.

6. Antibiotics

To begin with, antibiotics involve a special type of therapy that should be used as prescribed by a doctor and only in emergency cases. This also applies to topical antibacterial drugs, which patients usually start on their own when the disease progresses, symptoms worsen, or when milder drugs do not help. In the case of a runny nose, it is important to know that antibiotics will help if rhinitis is of a bacterial nature, otherwise they will not only be useless, but will also cause significant harm. The thoughtless use of antibiotics in the form of drops develops a stable addiction in microorganisms, and in the future, in the fight against serious infections, when it is really necessary, these drugs will simply be useless.

7. Handkerchiefs

Try not to use cloth handkerchiefs. In moments of acute rhinitis, this is a real hotbed of infections. The modern world has already invented a lot of personal care products that not only make life easier for us, but also help make it healthier. Disposable handkerchiefs are not only convenient, but also strictly indicated for use during a runny nose.

Photo: Shutterstock

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