As you know, scars serve as an adornment of strong men. Bruises, in some cases, too. But for us, women, bruises don’t color at all, and it’s very disappointing if they appear as if by themselves, even if you don’t fall, hit, or get injured in any other way. Let’s try to figure out why bruises can appear and what it says.
What is a bruise
A bruise (or, in medical terms, a hematoma) is a limited accumulation of blood in closed injuries, when blood from small blood vessels seeps into the adjacent soft tissues. Over time, the hematoma changes its color (due to the destruction of blood hemoglobin) and goes through stages from red to light yellow through purple, purple, blue and yellow-green.
So, the appearance of bruises after injuries is completely understandable and understandable. On this occasion, you can be a little upset and figure out what clothes will best hide ugly spots. But it’s a completely different matter if bruises appear suddenly, on their own. In this case, it is worth considering, because we can talk about very serious diseases.
Bruises for no reason
If blue spots suddenly begin to appear on the body, you should seek the advice of a doctor. Don’t panic, but don’t waste time either. Let’s figure out why unexpected bruises appear and what are fraught with.
Reason number 1: increased permeability of the vascular wall.
This becomes possible with a lack of vitamins C, K and P in the body, then there is a violation of the synthesis of collagen, which is responsible for the strength and elasticity of the vascular wall. Often this phenomenon accompanies diabetes mellitus: the vessels become fragile, and hemorrhages are a frequent occurrence.
Reason number 2: hormonal disorders.
In addition to diabetes, other hormonal changes in the body can also lead to vascular pathology.
Reason number 3: liver pathology, leading to a violation of the blood coagulation process.
The liver ceases to produce substances in the normal volume, called blood clotting factors, so local soft tissue hemorrhages are considered one of the first diagnostic criteria. It is characteristic that bruises of such a “liver” origin tend not to resolve for a long time, reach significant sizes, and can arise from any, even the softest and most gentle touch.
Reason #4: Long-term use of anticoagulants or blood thinners.
These include anti-asthma drugs, antidepressants, aspirin, chimes, and others. There are situations when the viscosity of the blood increases significantly, which can lead to the risk of blood clots. Because this condition is life threatening, anticoagulants are essential, even though the side effects are associated with an increased incidence of soft tissue hemorrhage.
Reason number 5: varicose veins.
A disease familiar to many, in which the vessels closely located under the skin become thinner and weaken, therefore, with any external traumatic effect, they are able to bleed.
Reason number 6: vasculitis, characterized by increased fragility of blood vessels.
The immune system is involved here: the antibodies it produces can disrupt the integrity of the vascular wall, thereby provoking sudden hemorrhages.
Reason #7: Excessive exercise.
Since there are plenty of reasons for the sudden appearance of hematomas, a serious diagnosis is necessary for adequate treatment. Accordingly, a visit to an experienced doctor is inevitable. You can get rid of bruises on your own only in cases where their traumatic origin is completely obvious. What can be done for the speedy resorption of hematomas?
Traditional medicine recipes for bruises
- Immediately after the injury, ice should be applied to the bruised area, this will narrow the blood vessels and the bleeding will stop. The next day, warm compresses will have to be applied to the bruise to absorb the accumulated blood.
- Cabbage leaf can be rolled out with a rolling pin to soften and bandaged to a sore spot.
- A cotton or gauze swab dipped in infusions of calendula, chamomile or comfrey is good to apply to bruises. Change when dry. Infusions are prepared as follows: pour a tablespoon of dried herbs with a glass of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes and strain.
- It is good to lubricate the bruises with a mixture of vegetable oils. To do this, take a few drops of myrrh, marjoram oils and calendula oil.
How to prevent bruising
First, we must try to strengthen the vascular wall, which is greatly facilitated by the intake of vitamins. Of course, you can buy balanced vitamin complexes in a pharmacy, but do not forget to eat plenty of fresh fruits, especially citrus fruits, black currants and chokeberries, rose hips and parsley leaves.
Secondly, you need to move more, walk in the fresh air, play sports, take a contrast shower, this will avoid varicose veins and reduce the risk of bleeding.
And, of course, it is necessary to periodically undergo diagnostic examinations, do an analysis of liver function, a coagulogram and a thrombotest. This is especially important if you bruise more often than other people.
Take the test and find out if you sleep right!