Allergy to cold: symptoms and treatment

Health Tips

In conversations about allergies, one often hears funny complaints about being allergic to work, being allergic to a boss, or being allergic to an annoying suitor. What about cold allergies? Is this also a joke or an occasion to seriously think about your health? Today Goodshapetips helps to deal with this issue.

Is there an allergy to cold?

Despite the fact that doctors do not consider this type of allergy to be an independent disease, a lot of attention is paid to this problem today.

Calling a cold allergy a true allergic reaction would be wrong for one simple reason: there is no specific allergen that causes it. In fact, we are talking about a pseudo-allergic reaction triggered by low ambient temperature. It is the cold that causes immune failures in cells, which leads to the rapid release of a constant companion of all allergic reactions – histamine.

Not many people suffer from an allergy to the cold, but there are a number of reasons that contribute to its occurrence, and at any age. These are hereditary predisposition, helminthiases, frequent inflammatory and infectious diseases, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, caries, stressful conditions, improper medication and general intoxication of the body.

cold allergy symptoms

First of all, open and unprotected areas of the body – the face and hands – suffer. However, the forearms also often react to cold, since they do not have sweat and fatty glands, without which the reaction develops almost twice as fast. So, what symptoms can be considered signs of an allergy to cold:

  • Dense pinkish-red rashes, swelling, blisters with burning and severe itching – “cold urticaria”.
  • Edema on the eyelids, lacrimation, pain in the eyes.
  • “Cold dermatitis” – dryness and peeling of the upper layer of the skin with the possible development of edema.
  • Coryza that stops in a warm room.
  • Fever, chills, palpitations, shortness of breath, headache, muscle and joint pain.
  • If snow or rain hits the already affected skin, an allergic reaction may increase – small red bubbles with a clear liquid form on the surface of the skin. Often such bubbles are localized in the lips, which leads to inflammation of the tissues and swelling, this symptom is called “cold cheilitis”.

Possible consequences

Severe skin reactions can form large lesions and can spread throughout the body. In such cases, the patient is most concerned about itching, which quickly becomes painful, so it is important not to let him scratch the skin, as this can contribute to the attachment of a bacterial infection. In extreme cases, you can even bandage the affected areas of the skin, especially for children.

Very rarely, but still there are cases of anaphylactic shock with an allergy to cold. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to monitor the level of blood pressure, which can drop sharply, and pay close attention to breathing in order to avoid the development of suffocation.

If such symptoms appear and intensify, then the skin turns pale sharply, chest pain and nausea appear. In such cases, urgent medical attention is needed, because no home methods are inappropriate and even dangerous here.

How to treat cold allergies

Antihistamines commonly used in the treatment of allergies can provide only temporary relief. Therefore, it is worth contacting an allergist to determine the patient’s condition and identify concomitant diseases that can provoke an allergic reaction.

Without addressing the root cause, standard treatment may not bring the desired result. Thus, it is also advisable to visit a therapist, a gastroenterologist and an ENT doctor.

Based on the results of the examination, specialist doctors will prescribe an individual treatment that includes exactly the diet and exactly those medications that are indicated in this particular case.

In general, the main drugs used to combat cold allergies include immune, enzymatic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic drugs.

In addition, doctors may recommend several courses of acupuncture, or acupuncture. The effect may not appear immediately, but is usually very persistent and long lasting.

A good effect is the intake of medicinal table mineral water, for example, Essentuki No. 4, which must be taken hot, 100 g before each meal. But even in this case, consultation with a doctor is necessary, since the condition of the patient’s digestive system may require the use of other water with a more suitable mineral composition.

Traditional medicine methods

For severe itching, you can use warm lotions with baking soda to relieve discomfort and avoid scratching.

If the scratches are still there and inflamed, the skin can be treated with a warm infusion of St. John’s wort or celandine. To do this, pour a tablespoon of dry grass with a glass of boiling water, insist, cool to a comfortable room temperature and wash the wounds.

If you don’t really want to use brilliant green, then it’s good to use brewed oak bark to dry the blisters.

How to Reduce Your Risk of Cold Allergies

Many doctors advise to harden the body. This is very good advice, but we must remember that hardening is different.

You should not dive into the hole, trying to treat like with like. It is much more useful to start taking a slightly contrast shower, using slightly warm water after hot water, but by no means cold. Contrasting baths for hands and feet are also good, but again with moderately cool water after hot.

If the bath is not contraindicated for health reasons, it is good to douse yourself with water at room temperature at the end of the procedure, but not colder.

In addition, you need to review your diet. Of course, a gastroenterologist will give clear recommendations if necessary, but in any case, it is better to give up fried foods, eat more fresh vegetables and fish. Eliminate or reduce the amount of chocolate, coffee, pineapple and strawberries consumed.

Before going outside in winter, it is useful to drink hot tea, and apply a greasy cream on your face and hands. Clothing should be warm, made of natural materials and waterproof. In the cold season, try to completely abandon all kinds of scrubs, exfoliants, peels and the use of alkali-based soaps.

And most importantly – try to see a doctor in time so as not to start the disease, which, among other things, can also provoke an allergy to cold.

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