The concept of “gastritis”, familiar to many, is very capacious and implies inflammation of the gastric mucosa. But there are a lot of varieties of this disease: the classification is based on the course of the process (acute or chronic gastritis), by localization, by morphology, by the prevalence of the lesion.
Today Goodshapetips talks about antral gastritis, because according to statistics, this form of the disease in 80% of cases leads to an ulcer.
What is antral gastritis?
Antral gastritis is localized in the lowest part of the stomach, passing into the duodenum. The mucous membrane of this section produces the hormone gastrin, which has a powerful stimulating effect on acid production. Thus, it is hypersecretory gastritis with high acidity, which refers to chronic superficial inflammation of the gastric mucosa.
Historically, it was believed that antral gastritis was caused by an unbalanced diet, abuse of alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, as well as spicy and sour seasonings and spices, eating disorders, regular stress, and other external factors.
But in recent years, numerous studies in the field of medicine have proven that the true cause of the development of antral gastritis is the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. Their introduction into the mucous membrane of the antrum of the stomach leads to the development of an inflammatory process, an increase in the secretory function of the stomach and an increase in the acidity of gastric contents.
However, there is also a plus here: increased indicators of intragastric pH-metry (that is, gastric acidity parameters) make it easy to establish the correct diagnosis and start treatment as early as possible.
In the absence of timely and correct treatment prescribed by a specialist gastroenterologist, antral gastritis can acquire a degenerative-dystrophic form and cause scarring on the gastric mucosa, which, in turn, leads to difficulty moving food into the intestines.
The clinical picture is characterized by both general and local symptoms, which usually appear during an exacerbation of the disease.
Local features include:
- Gastric dyspepsia – spasmodic pain and a feeling of “burning” in the epigastrium, belching, nausea, heartburn, sour taste in the mouth
- Intestinal dyspepsia – unstable stool: constipation or relaxation, rumbling, bloating
General symptoms of the disease appear as:
With a protracted, chronic course of the disease, a so-called ulcer-like symptom complex may appear, which is a sign of the development of peptic ulcer.
Treatment and prevention of antral gastritis
diet therapy – the first and most important condition for proper treatment. First, it is necessary to exclude foods that irritate the gastric mucosa, namely: salted, smoked, spicy and pickled, as well as hot. Secondly, food should be fractional, 5-6 times a day.
Thirdly, at the end of the acute period of the disease, the patient can eat fully, excluding fatty foods, as well as foods that can cause the fermentation process: grapes, whole milk and fresh pastries.
Physiotherapy – electrophoresis, applications, infrared laser therapy, acupuncture contribute to faster relief of symptoms.
And yet the foundation of the foundations is drug therapyprescribed by the attending physician. First, it is necessary to eliminate the root cause of the disease, the pathogenic microflora – Helicobacter pylori bacteria. For this, antibiotics are used. Next, the doctor prescribes symptomatic remedies:
- Antisecretory agents and antacids
- Regenerating agents
Traditional medicine recipes
In addition to the main treatment, it is good to turn to home, natural methods of treating antral gastritis. Here are some simple and effective recipes:
- Every day on an empty stomach, an hour before meals, drink a glass of freshly squeezed potato juice. Then you need to lie down for 30 minutes. The course is 10 days, with a 10-day break.
- Pour two teaspoons of burdock root with a liter of hot water and leave for 12 hours. Drink half a glass 4 times a day.
- Squeeze the juice from one medium-sized head of cabbage, take it slightly warm, half a glass several times a day before meals.
- Pour one teaspoon of crushed calamus roots with a glass of boiling water. Infuse for 20 minutes, strain. Take half a glass before each meal.
- Fresh juice of perennial aloe leaves take a teaspoon 30 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 1 month.
- It is good to take a warm infusion of chamomile or linden, mint, flax seed in the form of tea, 0.5-1 cup three times a day.
Antral gastritis during pregnancy and during breastfeeding
Antral gastritis in a future mother appears, as a rule, if a woman suffered from this disease before pregnancy. It is necessary to seek help from a doctor immediately, because the manifestations of toxicosis increase sharply, vomiting becomes especially frequent.
I must say that all these unpleasant phenomena do not have any negative impact on the condition and development of the baby, so you just need to take care of your own well-being. Traditional medicine recipes, bed rest and proper nutrition will not interfere at all, but the attending physician will prescribe medications.
Antral gastritis in children
In infancy, every second baby has it, and its main manifestation is regurgitation. As a rule, in the process of normal development, this phenomenon disappears on its own. It is enough to observe the feeding regime, and at an older age – to exclude from the child’s diet any foods that provoke increased secretion of the stomach. If the symptoms of gastritis continue to annoy, parents should immediately go to the pediatrician.