Checking ovarian reserve
If you rely on statistics, then from 20 to 36 years old is the optimal age for having a baby. But it must be determined individually for each woman. Ideally, once a year it is worth checking the ovarian reserve for ultrasound, as well as donating blood for AMH (anti-Mullerian hormone). This can be especially recommended for girls whose mothers have menopause ahead of time – up to 45-50 years.
The ovarian reserve can end at the age of 25, and at 50 – all individually. We are talking about the number of eggs that are laid, even when the girl is in the womb. At the birth of a girl, the number of follicles in her ovaries reaches two million. By the beginning of puberty, 200-400 thousand of them remain. After the age of 30, a woman’s ovarian reserve begins to decrease. After 35, the number of eggs decreases rapidly, so it becomes more difficult to get pregnant. This is average data. As I said, everyone is individual, so it is advisable to periodically check your ovarian reserve. Cases where pregnancy occurs naturally at 50 are exceptions!
What influences the genetic code
Males have a much longer reproductive age than females. Yes, a man at 70 can become a father. But the risks to a child’s health are increasing every year. If the age of the future father is 40 years and older, then the likelihood of having a child with various genetic abnormalities increases, since during our life we encounter various viruses and bacteria that can affect the human genetic code.
Therefore, if the age of the future mother is over 35 years old, and the future father is over 40 years old, we recommend preimplantation genetic diagnosis during IVF; and for natural pregnancies, a non-invasive prenatal diagnosis at 10 weeks of gestation is recommended, which can determine with 99% certainty whether there is a risk of having a child with a severe genetic disease.
What affects the egg supply
From my point of view, the ideal period is when a woman who decides to become a mother realizes the seriousness of this step and understands that she is ready for this for real. Science stubbornly tells us that the younger the parents, the greater the chance of healthy offspring.
The female body is designed in such a way that the supply of eggs is laid even in the prenatal period. Their quality and quantity is directly related first to the lifestyle and nature of the mother’s pregnancy, and then to the woman herself. Unfortunately, this is influenced by the environment, and bad habits, and lifestyle, as well as hereditary factors.
Also, do not forget that the older we get, the more chronic diseases we acquire, which will also negatively affect both conception and gestation. Assessing the ovarian reserve for everyone and immediately is not appropriate. This is true when a woman is planning a pregnancy after 30 years, when there were ovarian surgeries, there is a diagnosis of “infertility” (primary and secondary) at any age.
If, according to the study, we get good indicators, then we can assume that pregnancy can occur on its own (with the exclusion of other factors). However, when receiving low rates, we can only assume that difficulties may arise with the onset of pregnancy. But we cannot say this 100%, because there may be few eggs, but they are all ready for fertilization.
If a woman under 35 has not become a mother and does not plan to in the near future, she should think about cryopreservation of her egg in order to be able to give birth to a child genetically belonging to her in the future. Theoretically, pregnancy can occur at any age until a woman has entered a permanent menopause. For a father, age is also of great importance. After all, half of the genetic material belongs to him.