Ayurveda is translated from Sanskrit as “the science of life” and incorporates ancient Indian knowledge (Veda). This Veda forms the basis of Indian medicine, which is still considered the most ancient therapeutic and prophylactic tradition.
Unlike other Vedas, there are no invocations to God or descriptions of ritual worship. Ayurveda considers a person in a complex way – as a holistic organism, inseparable from the rest of nature. Harmony, balance and interaction are the foundations of the philosophy of Ayurveda.
Body constitution according to Ayurveda
According to Ayurveda, everything that exists in the universe (including man and what he eats) consists of five primary elements. The most important are Space and Air. How long can we hold our breath? For a minute, maximum – two. But without water, a person can withstand two or three days. The next element in this ranking is Fire, which, according to Ayurveda, is responsible for digestion and metabolism. The last element is Earth, which is food. You can go without food for almost a month.
Are you naturally thin or do you tend to be overweight? The figure depends on the time at which you were born, and more specifically on which dosha (bioenergy) dominated in nature at that moment.
Ayurveda distinguishes seven so-called body constitutions (individual types of body structure): three main, “pure” types – vata, pita and kapha, and four mixed ones. The type of constitution is expressed by certain characteristic features.
people with dominant vata dosha usually thin, even bony, sometimes all their lives they try to gain weight to no avail. Such people hyperactiveoften suffer from insomnia.
They must avoid raw food, excess movement, frequent travel and … talkativeness. In the daily diet of Vata people, fatty and warm foods, dairy products and sweet fruits should be present. Such food brings the Vata people, who are dominated by the element of Air, back to earth.
People with advantage dosha pita (the element of Fire dominates) leadership qualities are pronounced. They are active, attractive, intelligent, perfect and impetuous.
They are contraindicated in spicy, fatty foods and tonic drinks such as coffee or black tea. Pita should be especially avoided angeranger and irritability, because it knocks her off balance.
In turn, people with dominant kapha dosha (ruling elements – Earth and Water) are always happy, lazy, smile a lot and do everything slowly. Often people of this type suffer from obesity and inactivity.
Ayurveda recommends avoiding fats, sweets and siesta for this type of dosha. It is for kapha people that austerities, the obligatory rise at dawn and strenuous training were invented.
Based on your personality type, an Ayurvedic specialist will select the appropriate diet for you.
The Ayurvedic diet is based on several general principles.
Firstly, it is important to achieve balance in the body by applying the principle of opposites. If you are very active, your thoughts easily jump from topic to topic, do not eat spicy stimulating foods and do not drink tonic drinks.
Secondly, according to Ayurvedic knowledge, only freshly prepared food, as little as possible subjected to heat treatment, is healthy. No soups for the whole week – only fresh food contains a lot of vital energy, which is necessary for proper functioning, and contains the necessary amount of protein or vitamins.
Carefully monitor the content of vitamins and minerals in the diet, show more patience and interest in the inspiring cooking process. Remember that food thawed and cooked in a microwave oven loses all possible energy values \u200b\u200bfor the body.
It is important to keep in mind that there is a time for each meal: Ayurvedic breakfast is eaten before 8.30, lunch between 12:00 and 13.30, and dinner until 19:00.
Ayurveda distinguishes three types of food that add or take energy away from us. Eat more vegetables, fruits and grains (including the most important wheat and rice for Ayurveda), because this light foodenergizing and clearing the mind. Do not abuse coffee, sweets and spicy spices, because although they give a short-term “energy boost”, they eventually lead to the fact that you feel tired ahead of time. Avoid heavy foods because the body will use a lot of energy to digest them.
TO heavy food includes meat, mushrooms, eggs, canned food, deep-frozen foods, onions and garlic. In addition, according to Ayurveda, onions and garlic are medicines, and it would never occur to anyone to eat medicines every day.
indigestible food can be afforded by people who engage in physical labor and burn additional energy faster. All other lovers of fatty chops and mushroom puree soups can bring themselves to bouts of uncontrolled aggression, and as a result, depression.
Of course, in the rather cool climate of central Russia, it is not recommended to eat only vegetables, fruits and bread all the time. Once or twice a week, treat yourself to a savory dish or homemade sweets.
Ayurvedic medicine mainly uses the power of spices to treat and prevent various diseases. For example, ginger is able to warm us in winter and helps with joint pain, coriander tones better than coffee and relieves hangovers, and roasted fennel refreshes the mouth after eating.
Turmeric is added to almost all Indian dishes because it purifies the blood, increases stamina, prevents cancer, aids digestion, and is very good for the skin.
For the female body, an extract from the roots of asparagus is very useful – it facilitates the course of pregnancy, balancing the balance of vata and helping blood circulation in the reproductive organs.
Ayurveda uses a huge number of methods that restore the natural balance in the body and treat various diseases. In addition to diet and spices, the main tools of Ayurveda that allow you to maintain health and youth are yoga, breathing exercises, meditation and Ayurvedic massage.. There are also special beauty secrets – for example, how to make the skin perfectly clean and smooth.
How to eat according to Ayurveda
Ayurveda recommends drinking plenty of water, but only before meals or in between meals, and using cosmetics based on natural ingredients. It is also useful to do regular cleaning of the body. It is the diet that is unusual for your dosha type and the toxins absorbed from the wrong food that are responsible for the poor condition of the skin.
We are imperfect, and in the fast pace of modern life we often sin against our own nature, smoke, abuse alcohol, dine at fast food restaurants, drink coffee and cola…
There is an Ayurvedic way to minimize the harm of an unhealthy lifestyle.
If for six days a week you clog your body, forget to drink water and eat unhealthy food, then on the seventh arrange yourself a cleansing. Eat only light foods, vegetables and fruits, or even go on a hunger strike.
However, there are exceptions: pita people should not fast because it will give them severe headaches.
If you drank a lot of alcohol the day before and this led to an upset gastrointestinal tract, eat more foods that cause alkaline reactions: meaty vegetables, salad. Do you smoke cigarettes? Introduce fruits that have cleansing properties, such as melon or mango, into your daily diet, and try to quit smoking.
It is important that the food is prepared with love, and the meal is measured. While eating, do not watch TV, do not read newspapers, do not look at the blog or mail. Also, don’t overeat! According to Ayurveda, after eating, the stomach should be one-third filled with food, one-third with water, and one-third left empty.
Remember that you are not only what you eat, but also what you feel and think. Since we are all part of nature and the entire universe, try to stay in harmony with yourself and with the world around you.