B12-deficiency anemia: causes, symptoms and treatment

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Why is vitamin B12 deficiency dangerous?

B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is essential for the formation of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. In case of its shortage, B12-deficiency anemia occurs. This pathology is accompanied by deviations in the processes of hematopoiesis that can cause pathological changes in the body. It is manifested by a serious shortage of erythrocytes, disturbances in the work of the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system. As a rule, the disease can be suspected by changes in blood tests: this condition is characterized by a decrease in hemoglobin levels, an increase in the volume of red blood cells due to the fact that vitamin B12 enters the body in insufficient quantities and / or is quickly consumed. If measures are not taken and the deficiency is not compensated, then the pathological process provokes damage to the bone marrow and captures nerve tissues, including damage to the brain to the level of dementia. If a nursing mother suffers from a B12 deficiency, then, of course, the child will not receive the vitamin – for him, the consequences can be very pronounced.

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What causes a B12 deficiency?

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