Breastfeeding: the main points that can ease …

Health Tips

How often should a newborn be fed?

“The basic rule of successful breastfeeding is feeding on demand. The World Health Organization recommends this as a guarantee of good lactation and good weight gain in a child. Attach the baby to the chest for as long as he needs.

A breastfed baby cannot overeat, milk is digested easily, quickly and does not overload the baby’s stomach. You need to be prepared for the fact that the most intense, frequent and prolonged sucking in infants is observed in the first two to three months of life. During this period, the main weight gain of the baby occurs. And the baby is breastfed not only to eat, but also to comfort, warm up, feel safe next to mom, relax. Feeding according to the regimen does not satisfy these needs, leads to a decrease in lactation and less weight gain in the child.

Myths around the diet of a nursing mother

“New moms are often advised to stick to a strict diet that includes only a few “safe” foods for the baby. Is it so? I am approached for consultations by Russian-speaking breastfeeding women living in different countries. For example, in Italy, mothers allow themselves a cup of coffee with a croissant, in Spain they drink orange juice, eat fresh fruit, in America they can eat fast food at all, and their babies are all within the normal range. And only in our country there are recommendations for a strict diet for a nursing mother, it is not clear from which old sources they are taken. Therefore, there is still so much confusion about this important issue! In fact, WHO recommends a varied diet for pregnant and lactating women. Products should be of high quality and natural, and the menu as a whole should be varied and complete, including a large number of vegetables and fruits (more than 400g per day).

Agree that there is no identical reaction in all babies to certain “dangerous” foods that mother ate, only his individual predisposition matters. Yes, there is a list of the most powerful allergens that some babies may have a negative reaction to. What are these products?

  • Cow’s milk protein (dairy products);

  • eggs, fish, seafood, soy, nuts, gluten, peanuts, preservatives, food additives, trans fats, certain herbs and spices;

  • foods that mom, dad or the baby is allergic to.

Only they require special supervision and the mother is advised to record any manifestations on the skin of the child after their use. If a reaction is noticed, then the woman excludes this product for two weeks, and then re-introduces it and again observes the reaction. And you don’t have to cut everything all at once.”

Medicines, beauty, sports

With breastfeeding, almost everything is possible, but there are nuances.

  • Breastfeeding and Medications: Most current medications are compatible with breastfeeding, but each individual case needs to be checked. There is an online guide Drive in the active ingredient and see compatibility.

  • Is it possible to feed when the mother is sick? It is possible and necessary. Even at high temperature, SARS, influenza, poisoning, bacterial infection. So the baby receives antibodies through milk and may not even become infected. And if you get infected, then the disease will be easier.

  • Gw and sports. If mom wants to do her usual sports, she can do it, especially if it improves her mood, helps her get back in shape! There are only two recommendations: without fanaticism and choose a trainer who is familiar with the recovery period of a woman after childbirth.

  • Gv and massage. When breastfeeding, you can do massage, including therapeutic, cupping, anti-cellulite. If you need to lie on your stomach during the massage, it is better to feed the baby before the session to empty the chest.

  • Bath and sauna? You can, especially if you love, practice and tolerate well. The only thing: you need to drink more water and monitor your breasts, maybe more milk.

  • Beauty procedures. You can dye your hair, the chemicals themselves do not get into milk, but you can inhale their fumes (ventilate the room). It is now quite affordable to use ammonia-free dyes, henna. You can even get tattoos and piercings. Make sure that the master uses disposable tools and follows sanitary standards.

  • A nursing mother can use any cosmetics (high-quality, of course). When applied to the body, avoid getting creams on the nipple and areola area!

  • Visiting the solarium and sunbathing. Sunburn does not affect breast milk in any way, but it can burn the skin on the nipples and areola, which will lead to painful feeding. Of course, the nipples must be protected!

  • Swimming in a pool (or river or other body of water) It also has no effect on milk, but is not recommended if there are cracks or other damage to the nipples. The pool water is usually chlorinated, so be sure to take a shower after swimming.

  • Dental treatment. Let your dentist know that you are breastfeeding. Now anesthetics are used that are compatible with feeding and are quickly excreted from the body. Therefore, you can feed the baby immediately after treatment, without expressing milk.

What is impossible?

  • alcohol (more than 1 glass);

  • smoking, injections, procedures that cause the release of toxins into the blood, chemicals inhaled by the mother;

  • fast food, preservatives, trans fats, some types of drugs are undesirable (it is necessary to check for the active substance and compatibility);

  • heavy physical activity.

Does everyone need a breast pump?

There is no need to express milk after feeding. If you have a healthy, full-term baby who is often breastfed, you won’t need a breast pump in the hospital. In most cases, a nursing mother manages to do without this device, because it is easier, if necessary, to express her breasts with her hands. But sometimes you really can’t do without a breast pump, for example:

  • if the baby is not with you after childbirth, but you don’t know how to express milk with your hands or it doesn’t work well;

  • if the baby is premature or has health problems in which he cannot breastfeed, and you need to maintain lactation and supplement with expressed milk;

  • when creating a milk bank (mother goes to work, leaves home);

Although in these situations, sucking the baby is preferable! You need to know that a breast pump does not empty the breast as well as a baby can. Therefore, sometimes mothers are surprised why they expressed only a few milligrams of milk.

But! There is a secret in which pumping will go better: you need to warm your breasts, drink a warm favorite drink, alternate breasts more often when pumping, or use a breast pump on two breasts at the same time.

Conclusion: a breast pump is not needed, you should not buy it in advance. Only if then there are grounds.

Why is milk disappearing?

Milk cannot suddenly disappear, lactation is the most powerful system of the body, aimed at the survival of the child, the health of the mother and child. If you endured and gave birth to a baby, then lactation is a natural continuation. The production of milk in the breast depends on the hormone prolactin, the amount of which depends on the number of attachments of the baby – nothing else. Mom’s experiences or severe stress can affect the amount of milk, we can say that there is milk in the breast, but it comes out with difficulty. Adrenaline is a blocker of oxytocin, which is responsible for the release of milk.

In this case, the nursing mother needs to relax, think only about the baby, drink soothing herbs or your favorite tea, massage the neck area, talk calmly with those who will support, choose a comfortable position for feeding and often put the baby to the breast. Believe me, lactation will quickly return to normal.

Women often worry about “empty breasts”. What’s this?

The breast of a nursing mother is never completely “empty”. As long as the breast is emptied, the milk will abide again. The more milk your baby sucks, the more milk your body will produce. The breast can become soft and comfortable, not leak, and the mother may not feel her usual filling with already established, mature lactation (after about 3 months after childbirth).

The decrease in lactation is affected by:

  • feeding according to the regime / by the hour, the use of a pacifier / bottle;

  • supplementing with water (up to 6 months) or supplementing the baby with milk formula;

  • problems with sucking or health in a child when he cannot empty his chest well;

  • mother’s illnesses (only 3% of women cannot breastfeed their babies and this is due to serious illnesses, the remaining 97% can!)


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