Calluses are formations on the skin that occur during prolonged friction.
Most often, corns form on the protruding parts of the feet when wearing tight shoes, excessive sweating of the legs, flat feet, and swelling. In addition, corns appear on the palms and fingers, elbows, and so on.
As a result of constant pressure, the skin is injured, exfoliates, keratinizes and thickens. Thus, different types of corns are formed.
It can appear on the skin in a very short time: just a few steps in uncomfortable shoes or 1-2 pull-ups on the horizontal bar in an untrained person.
Under the influence of an unusually high or unnatural load, the upper layer of the epidermis exfoliates, which is accompanied by pain and burning. On the damaged skin, a blister is formed, filled with transparent contents – intercellular fluid (ichorus). If we continue to move despite the pain, the fluid may turn bloody due to damage to the blood vessels. If an infection enters the blister cavity, the liquid becomes cloudy, acquires a white-yellow hue. Pus forms under the skin.
How to treat “wet” corn?
The skin film on the surface of the callus is an excellent protection, under it the callus heals quickly without external intervention, if the damaged area is kept calm.
The corn and the skin around it are treated with soap and water or an alcohol-containing antiseptic (brilliant green, vodka). If the bubble is too large, it is allowed to pierce its wall with a sterile needle and carefully drain the liquid. After that, a sterile bandage or a regular bactericidal patch is applied.
Do not remove the “roof” of the blister by cutting it off with scissors: the skin under it is very tender and vulnerable, and has no protection against infection at all.
Read more: How to get rid of
from dry corns?
With prolonged mechanical action on the skin, unpleasant changes occur in it: the skin coarsens, becomes dry, dense, thickens, keratinizes. This is how dry corn is formed. As a rule, dry corn has the shape of a cone, directed by its sharp top into the tissues. With the long-term existence of such a callus, when pressed on it, painful sensations arise, since the cone of the callus presses on pain receptors.
How to treat “dry” corn?
Fighting dry corns is a laborious task. Daily it is recommended to steam your feet in hot water, preferably with the addition of soda and soapy water. The softened skin is scraped off with a pumice stone.
If the effect is not significant, after the baths, salicylic ointment is applied to the corn area, which has a keratolytic effect – softens the keratinized skin. After application, the corn softens and it is possible to remove it by scraping. Instead of ointment, you can use special corn plasters, which are sold in pharmacies.
If the corns are old, not amenable to home remedies, be sure to seek qualified help: a beauty salon or a dermatologist or surgeon.