Perhaps it is difficult today to find a person who would not know that the thyroid gland is responsible for metabolic processes in the body, and therefore a violation of its functioning inevitably leads to a number of diseases. It all starts with the usual malaise, apathy, frequent headaches, and then the disease takes the form of a protracted depression. But this is just the tip of the iceberg.
Next, the destruction of bone cells occurs, since it is the thyroid gland that produces a peptide hormone (calcitonin), which compensates for the wear and tear of bones, that is, it produces substances that prevent their destruction. In this case, diseases of the thyroid gland itself can be of two types: with reduced endocrine function – hypothyroidism, and with increased – thyrotoxicosis or hyperthyroidism. And with neglected conditions, endemic goiter can develop, even less often – cretinism.
What are the reasons
Many associate thyroid problems with exacerbation of spring diseases. However, there is no direct consequence. After all, the main cause of the disease is a lack or excess of iodine in the body. Recall that the daily requirement of the body for iodine is 100-150 mcg. So, if you adhere to the basic principles of preventing thyroid diseases all year round, then such painful manifestations are in no way connected with the onset of spring metabolic disorders.
We can only talk about seasonality at the end of May, when picnics outside the city begin in some warm regions and the first “sunbathing”. It is sunlight that causes an exacerbation, because it provokes the production of hormones. And the exacerbation of spring diseases only weakens the body, and problems with the thyroid gland occur against the general background of weakness and impaired metabolism.
Thyroid diseases are expressed in a whole “bouquet” of symptoms. So with hypothyroidism, constant weakness, excessive fatigue appear, you don’t want to go somewhere and do something, memory decreases, potency, the menstrual cycle is disturbed, skin becomes dry dry hair, brittle nails, the face becomes edematous, there are problems in the work of the heart, cholesterol rises, sleep worsens, pressure surges, constipation, weight gain and prolonged depression are noted.
Have you noticed similar symptoms? They indicate a pronounced lack of iodine in the body, which literally screams your endocrine gland.
With thyrotoxicosis, the heartbeat also quickens, the menstrual cycle is disturbed, potency decreases, sleep is disturbed, body weight may increase, but sweating, trembling still appears, visual sharpness decreases, the patient becomes irritable and aggressive. In this case, iodine intake should be reduced. And first of all, you need to reconsider your diet. Perhaps you are too carried away with prevention.
When to sound the alarm
With early detection of thyroid problems, everything can be solved by changing lifestyle, diet, habits. Do not forget that exposure to toxic substances (solvents, varnishes, paints, phenols, gasoline, lead) that are in the air of most megacities can lead to aggravation of the condition. So sometimes a trip out of town (to fresh air) for several months can reduce the risk of developing the disease.
Complications can also lead to the use of detergents, which contain harmful substances. chemical substances. And even jewelry with lead can lead to thyroid disorders, which is why this metal is not used by world famous jewelry manufacturers.
When the state is neglected, tumor formations may appear, first treatable, and then malignant. In addition, Graves’ disease, diffuse toxic goiter, or Graves’ disease may develop. That is why it is so important to take action in a timely manner.
Prevention and treatment
Treatment of the thyroid gland should be prescribed by a doctor after a diagnosis and a series of tests. In some particularly advanced cases, surgery may be required. Hirudotherapy is more often prescribed, as well as taking iodine in doses determined by the doctor.
Particular attention should be paid to prevention. You should use iodized salt for cooking, and also include seaweed, fish, beans, kefir, soybeans, milk, carrots, chocolate, bread, lettuce, apples in the diet. Of course, all these foods should not be consumed daily. It is only necessary to adhere to the required daily dose of 100-150 micrograms of iodine.
So, 100 g of meat contains 11-12 mcg, 100 g of beans – 12-13 mcg, egg – 12-13 mcg, 100 g of wheat flour – 9-10 mcg, 100 g of sea cabbage – 9-10 mcg, 100 g of carrots raw – 6-7 mcg, baked potatoes – 5-6 mcg. A more detailed table of iodine content in foods can be found in dietary guides. This knowledge will help you make a daily diet.
At the same time, it is worth noting the products that exacerbate the disease. These include: lard, fatty meats, radishes, sugar, bananas, grapes, corn. If you suspect the development of a thyroid disease, you should carefully consume legumes, white cabbage, citrus fruits, turnips, wheat, vegetable oil, as well as foods high in vitamins YOU.
There are many folk recipes that help overcome the lack of iodine in the body. Here are some of them.
Recipe 1. Pour 50 g of white cinquefoil root with 500 ml of vodka, leave for a month and drink 30 drops added to water for up to 4 weeks. After a week break, the course can be repeated.
Recipe 2. Mix buckwheat honey with crushed partitions of unripe walnuts (young fruits are also suitable) and eat the mixture for 6 weeks. By the way, you can cook delicious jam from green nuts, which is also rich in iodine.
Recipe 3. Prepare a salad of steamed (soaked) seaweed, cottage cheese, walnuts, garlic and vegetable oil. Serve such a dish on the table at least once a week.
Recipe 4. Grind feijoa with sugar, refrigerate and eat a teaspoon every day.
Recipe 5. Grind chokeberry with sugar, adding lemons and oranges to taste. Feast on 3 tbsp. everyday.
As you can see, prevention can be very tasty. Good health to you.