Menopause is the stage of age-related restructuring, a period of decline in sexual functions. Corresponds to the gradual cessation of menstruation, the end of the childbearing period.
Translated from Greek, the word climax means _”step of the ladder”_. Almost a third of her life a woman exists in this period, for the arrival of which most of us are completely unprepared.
The famous scientist V.M. Dilman referred it to the “normal diseases of aging”. That is, menopause is a normal and inevitable period in a woman’s life, during which, against the background of various changes in her body, the processes of extinction in the reproductive system play a dominant role. The average age of the onset of such transformations in the body of women is 48-52 years.
Read more: Gynecologist’s consultations / Climax. climacteric syndrome
The climacteric period is conventionally divided into several stages:
Menopause – this is the last menstruation, which on average occurs at the age of 50-51 years.
premenopausal period precedes it and begins at the age of 45.
postmenopausal period begins after menopause and lasts for the rest of a woman’s life.
Gradually, the number of follicles in the ovaries decreases, they no longer receive full development – therefore, the release of the egg (ovulation) occurs less and less. In this regard, the synthesis of estrogen in the ovaries also decreases. Only in very small quantities, these hormones are obtained by converting androgens, which are synthesized by the woman’s adrenal glands and a little – by ovarian cells.
The process of formation of estrogens from androgens occurs in adipose tissue, which is why lean women sometimes have an increased risk of various complications due to a lack of estrogens (for example, bone fractures).
But often menopause does not give any negative impact on vital activity and on all functions of the female body. And yet, during the aging process, there is a decrease in a certain number of cells in the liver, kidneys, endocrine glands, myocardium, body muscles.
Signs of menopause
By what signs can a woman determine the climacteric syndrome?
The first group includes vasomotor and emotional and mental disorders.. What are they expressed in?
- In hot flashes
- increased sweating,
- hypertension or hypotension,
- heart palpitations,
- irritability, anxiety, depression,
- weakness, drowsiness, inattention, forgetfulness.
To the second – urogenital changes:
- dryness in the vagina
- pain during sexual intercourse
- itching and burning,
- frequent urination.
As well as skin aging:
- dryness and brittle nails,
- dryness and hair loss,
- appearance of wrinkles.
And to the third – late metabolic disorders. These are osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease.
Climax and sex
Typically around age 51, about 40% of women begin to experience a significant decrease in sex drive or other sexual dysfunction.
For most women, sexual life in the menopause and after its completion practically does not change. The subjective feeling of sexual inferiority experienced by some during this period is not justified in any way.
In exceptional cases, during this period, some sections of the genital organs are reduced so much that intercourse becomes painful. This leads to the loss of a woman’s sexual desire.
Therefore, during menopause, the psycho-emotional component of intimacy is especially important. Feelings of understanding, respect, affectionate care should play a major role in intimate relationships.
Read more about this in the article: Sexual life of a woman: from 20 to 50
How to ease the course of menopause?
It is at this age that it is so important to stay afloat: husbands begin to look towards young girls, employers also prefer young ones. You have to prove your worth as a professional, and as a woman, every day. This requires additional strength, and we absolutely do not need all these menopausal disorders. After all, in our forty-five we definitely need to be a berry!
As a preventive measure for a woman preparing to enter a difficult period for her, it can be advised to do gymnastics every morning for 15-20 minutes. It is desirable that she also be engaged in medical health groups (about 2-3 times a week for 40-45 minutes) or visit the pool; resorted to general massage, walks before bedtime, a balanced diet with a predominance of fruits and vegetables, but limiting carbohydrates. The correct balance of vitamins and minerals in food is very important.
Douche, washing, shower are useful. It is advisable to do coniferous, sage hot foot baths. It is very good to use mineral and radon waters. But it is better not to carry out sanatorium-resort treatment at all or to carry it out only in your own climatic zone.
Many women during this period are shown hormone replacement therapy, which usually includes a combination of estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Hormone therapy effectively treats the symptoms of menopause, such as vaginal dryness and the so-called “hot flashes”, prevents the development of osteoporosis and other complications of menopause.
Read more about the treatment of menopausal syndrome in the article: When autumn comes