Colic is an acute attack of intense pain in the abdomen.
Distinguish colic renal, intestinal, hepatic. Separately allocate intestinal colic in young children. In children, colic is usually not a sign of serious disorders in the body, more often it bothers children under 3 months old, causing almost daily tears and screams in babies. The exact cause of colic in children is not known, it is suggested that excessive air entering the gastrointestinal tract with improper breastfeeding during breastfeeding, the baby’s reaction to cow’s milk and other artificial foods and complementary foods, too dense feces, functional violations of intestinal motility, leading to the accumulation of intestinal gases.
In adults, colic is a reason for examination.
With renal colic, pain of high intensity is localized in the right or left side, in the projection of the kidney. The pain spreads to the inguinal and suprapubic region along the ureters. The pain comes on suddenly, for no apparent reason. During an attack, the pressure rises, the pulse and breathing quicken.
The most common cause of renal colic is urolithiasis: the presence of stones and sand in the kidney. After an attack, the appearance of blood in the urine is often observed.
Prompt diagnosis is necessary, as the stone can lead to blockage of the ureter, disrupt the flow of urine and cause acute renal failure. After renal colic, the risk of developing pyelonephritis increases.
It occurs most often in diseases of the gallbladder, bile ducts. It is characterized by an attack of cramping pains in the right hypochondrium, accompanied by dry mouth, nausea, and sometimes yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes.
It develops with functional bowel diseases, adhesive bowel disease, helminthiases, and also with constipation, when too thick stool masses are observed. Intestinal colic can be localized in different parts of the abdomen, often the patient is not able to indicate the exact place that hurts.
Separately, colic is distinguished as the initial manifestation of acute appendicitis. In this case, abdominal pain is prolonged, accompanied by fever, loss of appetite, stool disorder (both diarrhea and constipation), often nausea and vomiting.
First aid for colic
You can ease the pain by putting a warm heating pad on the sore spot, taking a hot bath. When taking antispasmodic drugs (no-shpa, platifillin, etc.) orally or as an injection, pain with colic usually subsides. If the pain persists, it is recommended to call an ambulance. Remember, heat treatments and painkillers are contraindicated if appendicitis is suspected.