The first thing to pay attention to is urination disorder (accelerated, painful, weak pressure, bifurcation of the jet, feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, etc.), urinary incontinence. This is a clear sign of prostate adenoma, urethral stricture, as well as other diseases of the male reproductive system.
Pathological discharge from the urethra (especially bloody) – there can be many reasons, which later, during the visit to a specialist, can be studied in more detail. But above all, in this situation, it is important to exclude cancer, catch the disease at an early stage and provide timely assistance to the patient.
Signs of cancer, the presence of a cyst, or a disease such as a varicocele may include the following symptoms: an increase in size, the appearance of tumor-like formations or pain in the scrotum. In such a situation, self-medication or delaying the visit to the doctor can provoke serious complications.
4.Absence of spontaneous pregnancy in the partner within 1 yearif we are talking about a man of reproductive age, it can be a sign of both infertility and varicocele (dilation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus of the spermatic cord).
At first glance, “harmless” lower back painwhich do not stop with a change in body position, which many mistakenly prefer not to pay attention to, in fact, may indicate the presence of urolithiasis, hydronephrosis and other diseases.
It is important to pay attention to persistentbone pain – these may be signs of bone metastases of prostate cancer.
Impotence, hypogonadism, metabolic syndrome can be hidden behind such signs as: erection problems, libido (desire), early ejaculation.
A clear sign of phimosis is inability to fully open the glans penis.
Availability dense formation in the body of the penis and its curvature during erection is a symptom of Peyronie’s disease.
How to help a man
It is important to convey to a loved one the idea of the need for a blood test for PSA annually.This is especially important for men over 45 years of age. An equally significant factor in protecting men’s health from insidious diseases is visiting a urologist at least once a year, especially if there have already been problems in urology. It may help protect against prostate cancer.
First of all, in the presence of alarming symptoms, many women have a question: how to persuade a man to come to the doctor. After all, according to the stereotypes that still exist in our society, a man does not have the right to “disease”, weakness, malaise. Which ultimately leads to sad consequences.
Here, the support of loved ones is very important for a man, the realization that he will be supported in any condition, they will help him cope with the disease and recover. Such support is important and is a kind of first step in the beginning of treatment.
Sad examples that could have been avoided
For example, prostate cancer ranks first in the world among oncology in men. It is treated very well. And just something – go and take a single test for PSA. But in practice, we practically do not see localized prostate cancer, even in Moscow, with the current level of equipment, in the 21st century.
And all because on TV and other media channels, unrecognized “geniuses” of traditional medicine present dubious information to the people about the benefits of treating kidney diseases with rings of chopped cucumbers that are placed on the eyes (I myself witnessed such advice as an expert on one of the programs). And all this instead of informing the whole country on 1 channel in the most “prime time” that prostate cancer is the only cancer that can be detected at an early stage, just by passing a blood test.
Considerable “merit” in the growth of morbidity and the patients themselves. Men are often frankly afraid to go to the doctor, simply afraid to hear the diagnosis, there are those who, in a very strange way, believe that “after all, they will find something, and then they will heal to death.” And then such a patient comes with a total lesion of the bones with metastases of prostate cancer, which has no symptoms, no matter how the “folk healers” on TV and on the Internet claim the opposite.
Or, having found blood in the urine, they are in a hurry to take advantage of the “wise” advice of a neighbor and drink a nettle decoction. Everything seems to pass, the patient calms down as expected. And a year later, the patient still ends up at the doctor, but he already has an extremely aggressive bladder cancer, as a result – we remove the bladder, prostate, seminal vesicles, lymph nodes of the entire small pelvis, cut out a fragment of the small intestine to form a new bladder, where we transplant both ureters and bring this non-bubble intestine to the skin. And a completely new, wonderful, with a lot of interesting adventures begins (the percentage of serious complications worldwide reaches 60!) Life. And if it’s too late to operate – heavy chemistry, with a prognosis of cancer-specific survival up to 3 years at best. And if ultrasound or cystoscopy had been done in time, when the cancer would not have germinated into the muscle layer, everything would have been limited to endoscopic surgery without an incision and the fastest possible recovery.
There are a lot of such examples, and not only from the field of oncology. The stories are complex, the topic is painful, so the wording here can be harsh, because such cases happen very often, we see it almost every day at our outpatient appointment.
First of all, the main principle is to prevent the disease, not to cure it. Therefore, it is important – both for us, physicians and close relatives of the patient, “to keep abreast”. Communicate with loved ones, pay attention to the slightest changes in well-being, the state of health of a person close and dear to you. Remember: prevention of a disease is always better, cheaper and more effective than its treatment. And for this, medicine today offers a wide range of opportunities: clinical examination, express diagnostics, check-up programs, etc. The task of patients and their loved ones is to use them in time to stop the disease at an early stage and maintain health.
Photo: Vostock Photo
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