Depression is a mental disorder, manifested by a decrease in mood, a breakdown, a lack of positive emotions from what used to bring joy, a pessimistic outlook on life.
Depression is extremely common in the world, affecting more than 10% of people over 40 years of age. Women and the elderly are more susceptible to depression. In children, depression is extremely rare and is manifested by refusal to eat, nightmares and other sleep disturbances, learning difficulties and abrupt changes in behavior with loved ones.
Causes of depression
- Strong negative experiences, severe stress, as well as chronic overwork, both physical and mental.
- Poor social and living conditions
- Violation of the neuro-humoral regulation of the body, the exchange of serotonin, norepinephrine, melatonin, cortisol and other biologically active substances.
- Hereditary factors, genetically determined predisposition to depression.
- Side effect of some drugs.
- Various neurological, endocrinological and severe somatic diseases (for example, organic brain diseases, TBI, tumor, stroke, thyroid pathology, and even beriberi).
Symptoms of depression
- Fatigue, lack of strength, inability to perform the usual range of duties.
- Loss of interest in favorite things, inability to rejoice, experience positive emotions.
- Bad mood for no apparent reason.
In addition, there may often be:
- fear and anxiety, unreasonable anger, exaggerated self-criticism, thoughts of death
- dissatisfaction with what has been done, guilt, sadness
appetite disturbances, changes in body weight
- sleep disturbances such as insomnia, nightmares, or daytime sleepiness
- attachment of various symptoms from the internal organs that mimic somatic diseases
Read more: How to treat depression?
Why is depression dangerous?
Unfortunately, a manifestation of depression often becomes a person’s passion for alcohol and drugs, especially among adolescents. In a state of depression, some people go headlong into work, leaving no time for rest, family, friends, hobbies. Depression often causes the destruction of the family, as it brings suffering to all its members. Without timely treatment, depression can lead to suicide.
In addition, depression should not be viewed only as a psychological problem. The work of internal organs largely depends on the state of the human psyche. Therefore, severe somatic diseases, often life-threatening, can become manifestations of depression.
Treatment for depression
A variety of techniques are used to treat depression. It is believed that depression with timely treatment is easily treatable, more than 80% of people recover from depression without consequences. Some people may experience relapses in their lifetime.
Traditionally, the main methods of treating depression are psychotherapy and drug correction.
Psychotherapy (psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic therapy) is considered the most effective, after which the least number of relapses is observed. In the course of such treatment, a person learns to correctly recognize himself and others, perceive the world in a new way, get out of difficult situations, make constructive decisions to overcome the difficulties that arise.
For some forms of depression, the main treatment is medication. Various drugs from the group of antidepressants are prescribed. And also means of herbal medicine, hypnosis, acupuncture, meditation, art therapy, phototherapy, electroconvulsive therapy and so on are used.
In the case of suicidal tendencies, hospitalization is recommended so that the patient is under the constant supervision of medical personnel until the end of treatment.
Treatment of depression requires attention, patience, understanding and psychological help from loved ones. In addition to traditional therapy, a person suffering from depression should be created favorable psycho-social conditions in the family.