Vaginal discharge can be of different colors: red-bloody, brown, gray, black, whitish, greenish, yellowish, pink. They can have a jelly-like, curdled or foamy consistency, be with or without a smell. In addition to the above, discharge may accompany symptoms such as itching, irritation, and pain.
In healthy women, discharge, in addition to critical days, may be mild, mucous, slightly cloudy, since they include epithelial cells from the vagina. Thanks to a small but constant discharge from the vagina, the genital tract of women is cleansed, preventing the occurrence of infection.
If the daily pad is not changed for a long time, then the discharge on it becomes yellowish due to interaction with oxygen. Normal discharge is not accompanied by unpleasant sensations, such as irritation of the genital organs, itching and burning. Fresh vaginal discharge is practically odorless. The smell occurs when bacteria begin to multiply in them. Well, and, of course, the day of the menstrual cycle affects the amount and nature of vaginal discharge.
Goodshapetips will tell you which discharge on certain days of the cycle can be considered the norm.
Normal vaginal discharge
- before ovulation (in the middle of the cycle) – mucous, stretching, transparent, similar to egg white, can be plentiful;
- in the second half of the cycle – scarce, jelly-like or creamy;
- before menstruation – creamy or jelly-like discharge, which becomes intense as critical days approach;
- in the first few hours after a full-fledged sexual intercourse, when sperm enters the vagina, they are transparent, white or slightly yellowish, having the consistency of clots;
- the next morning after unprotected sex – liquid, plentiful, white;
- after sex without ejaculation in the vagina or using a condom – creamy, white, not abundant (the so-called vaginal lubrication);
- during the onset of menstruation, scarlet red, with increasing character;
- during ovulation (in the middle of the cycle) – mucous membranes with bloody streaks;
- during pregnancy – liquid, light, similar to milk, without an unpleasant smell and irritation of the genital organs. As a rule, the intensity of such secretions increases with increasing gestational age;
- after childbirth – a pinkish ichor, similar to diluted blood;
- while taking hormonal contraceptives – brownish discharge during the first months.
Now let’s talk in more detail about the discharge on different days of the cycle.
Discharge before menstruation
Brown spotting is considered normal, appearing a couple of days before menses. If spotting precedes the onset of menstruation for more than two days, this indicates diseases of the female genital area.
They can be a symptom of hormonal disorders, infections, hematological diseases, adeomyosis. Quite often, this phenomenon occurs with endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial polyps. Endometriosis is indicated by the presence of brown discharge before menstruation, in conjunction with painful and prolonged (more than a week) menstruation, with the presence of blood clots.
The presence of brown discharge in the middle of the cycle can signal progesterone deficiency or polycystic ovary syndrome. This threatens infertility and needs to be treated.
Allocations during menstruation
If bleeding is heavy during menstruation, then it is necessary to undergo an ultrasound procedure, which will help assess the condition of the internal genital organs. Such bleeding may indicate the presence of uterine fibroids, endometriosis.
If the uterine mucosa is of normal thickness, then a curettage procedure is not required. If the bleeding was caused by hypertrophy (increase in thickness) of the endometrium, polyps of the endometrium or cervix, then most likely you will have to undergo a curettage procedure.
In the future, it will be necessary to undergo a histological examination to exclude the possibility of pathologies of a more serious nature.
Discharge after menstruation
At the end of menstruation, the level of blood clotting increases, and it begins to stand out more slowly. Since the blood coagulates quickly, the color of secretions and clots becomes darker – brown. If they have no smell, then this is considered the norm. If there is a smell, it is necessary to analyze the smear for the presence of chlamydia, gardnerella, mycoplasma and ureaplasma, herpes, cytomegalovirus.
If the discharge appeared a few days after the menstruation, or if the duration of the menstruation itself is more than seven days, then it is necessary to test for the presence of pregnancy. By the way, with such symptoms, it may be ectopic.
Pathological discharge from the vagina
The presence of scarlet spotting says:
- about cervical erosion – a few days before the onset of menstruation;
- about the threat of abortion – during pregnancy. They arise as a result of the exfoliation of the fetal egg or placenta;
- about the presence of microcracks in the vaginawhich were formed during intercourse, erosion, cervicitis – after intercourse.
Bloody discharge may occur after an abortion. After one week, you must definitely see a doctor and do a control ultrasound procedure.
The presence of white mucous discharge or clear mucous discharge with white streaks after the end of the cycle, before the onset of menstruation says about cervical erosion, cervicitis (inflammation of the cervical canal). In any case, these discharges are related to the cervix.
About thrush (candidiasis) evidenced by the appearance of white cheesy or kefir-like discharge, films or white plaque on the labia, clitoris. As a rule, they are accompanied by a bread or sour-milk smell and itching.
About vaginal dysbiosis says the presence of white, greenish or grayish exfoliating films of secretions, accompanied by a fishy smell.
About the presence of infectionswhich are sexually transmitted, signal a bubbling yellow-green discharge.
About acute bacterial infection in the vagina, acute adnexitis (inflammation of the ovaries), acute salpingitis (inflammation in the fallopian tubes) indicates the presence of abundant discharge of yellow or green hues.
About bacterial infection in the vagina, erosion, chronic adnexitis (inflammation of the ovaries), chronic salpingitis (inflammation in the fallopian tubes) says the presence of scant discharge of yellow or green hues.
About purulent cervicitis indicates the presence of purulent discharge of green color. They have a thick consistency, combined with mucus, aggravated by exertion, in the process of defecation.
The fact that a pathological process occurs in the uterussays the presence of brown dark spotting for several days after menstruation.
About detachment of the fetal egg or placenta says the presence of bloody, brown spotting in a pregnant woman in the early stages.
About the presence of chronic endometritis, chronic endocervicitis says the presence of ichor (discharge pink, like diluted blood), which has an unpleasant odor. As a rule, it appears in the premenstrual period.
About chronic endometritis or chronic endocervicitis says the presence of liquid watery discharge, having a dirty color on the pad, before and after menstruation.
About the bend of the cervix, violation of blood clotting processes says the presence of large blood clots during menstruation. Similar discharge may occur in women with an intrauterine device.
As a rule, the installation of the IUD is accompanied by spotting within two weeks.
In addition to the fact that the spiral provokes heavy prolonged menstruation, another of the side effects can be bloody discharge from the vagina during the intermenstrual period.
If the spiral provokes the development of anemia, then it is immediately removed.
Discharge before and after sex
At the moment of sexual arousal, the glands of the vestibule of the vagina in women begin to actively produce the so-called vaginal lubrication – this is normal.
Discharges that are too thick, abundant, with an unpleasant odor can occur during unprotected full-fledged intercourse – this is how the vagina is cleansed of sperm. And the presence of bloody discharge during intercourse or immediately after it may indicate microcracks or erosion of the cervix.
Vaginal discharge that is white, yellow, greenish-gray or purulent with a specific odor days or weeks after unprotected intercourse may indicate the development of an infection or a sexually transmitted disease. The latter are accompanied by itching, burning in the vagina and urethra, pain during sex.
In the presence of unhealthy discharge, consult a gynecologist. Only he can state with certainty whether you are healthy, and otherwise, diagnose the disease and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Goodshapetips wishes you good health!