Dose matters: why not all vitamins are created equal and how to choose the right ones for you

Health Tips

natural and synthetic

RAW – vitamins, or raw (natural) are more easily absorbed by the body, respectively, shorten the course of treatment and have a more positive effect. Synthetic vitamins are more affordable, however, they are much less useful, since the chemical composition of their components practically does not bind to the organic matter of the body, they are poorly absorbed. It is also worth understanding that after a month of using synthesized vitamin complexes, the body practically loses the ability to absorb vitamins from food. Therefore, when choosing the latter, you need to pay attention to the composition, giving preference to the naturalness of the components and the body’s needs for certain groups of vitamins.

What is important to remember

There is an opinion that dry skin indicates a lack of vitamins A, B, C, however, during the heating season, when the air in the room is too dry, or with insufficient fluid intake, hard tap water, improper selection of cosmetics or a sharp temperature change – dry skin is a completely natural phenomenon, and excessive consumption of vitamin complexes can only harm the body.​

Weight gain, weakness, deterioration of mental activity are attributed to a lack of vitamin C, but this is not the correct definition. Since all of the above symptoms may indicate a completely different problem, for example, with the thyroid gland. Before deciding to undergo a vitamin course of treatment, it is worth contacting a specialist for advice. An endocrinologist can correctly determine which vitamins your body needs and prescribe a course of administration in the correct doses.

What is the danger of an overabundance of vitamins

“An excess of vitamins, which is called hypervitaminosis, is a dangerous consequence for the body and can lead to increased excitability, tachycardia, arrhythmia, allergic reactions, dyssomnia, nausea, and persistent headaches. For example, an overdose of vitamin B1 can cause anaphylactic shock, B3 – lead to muscle pain and disorders in the cardiovascular system, an excess of B6 leads to confusion and increased acidity of the gastric secretion, D – arrhythmia, kidney failure, hypertension. Excessive amounts of vitamin A can result in nausea, vomiting, photophobia, muscle and joint pain, and diarrhea. Excess vitamin C also leads to nausea, flatulence, vomiting, intestinal cramps, and other, more severe consequences.​ ​
What tests to take?

Based on this, in order to determine the required course of taking vitamin complexes, the specialist will prescribe you a clinical blood test, and already focusing on:

  • for coagulability,
  • leukocyte level,
  • hemoglobin,
  • cholesterol and ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) will understand what exactly the body lacks.

You can also submit:

  • blood chemistry,
  • vitamin status tests
  • and the content of trace elements in the body. Then, based on indicators of weight, gender and age, the direction of treatment or prevention of admission, the doctor is able to correctly prescribe the frequency of administration, time frame and choose the right vitamin complex.

Who is more suitable?

“Everyone knows that pregnant women and the elderly need vitamins. As a rule, in the case of pregnancy, the body’s need for certain trace elements increases by 30%. In this case, there is a need for additional intake of B vitamins, in particular B9, which promotes active cell division. Vitamin A takes an active part in the formation of the skeleton, E – contributes to the formation of the placenta, C – forms the immune system of the fetus, other trace elements are also needed to prevent the risk of anemia in a pregnant woman and improve the formation of the thyroid gland in a child.

In old age, vitamins become necessary due to the physiological characteristics of the body, in particular: a decrease in the volume of water and minerals, a decrease in the number of mitochondria in cells that produce energy, oxygen deficiency, and a slowdown in protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Naturally, in the presence of all these factors and not quite the right diet and lifestyle, most people of retirement age need all 13 vitamins that contribute to the normal functioning of the body. Among them, 5 main ones can be distinguished: A B C E and D. They should be present in the complexes chosen by the elderly.”

Photo: vostock-photo

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