Eczema: How habitual stress can lead to skin damage and…

Health Tips

It’s not contagious

Eczema is an acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by itching, redness, and small, fluid-filled vesicles. Rashes resemble air bubbles that form when water boils. Hence the name (from the Greek eczeo – to boil). Eczema is not contagious, which means that a person cannot catch it himself and / or infect another.

I will add that this is a genetically determined disease. When the reactivity of the skin to one or another provoking factor initially suffers. There are many such predisposing factors. For example, contact with chemical agents, allergens, frequent skin trauma, diseases of the digestive system. A common trigger is stress. Many patients note a close relationship between the manifestations of the disease and stressful situations in life. There are several forms and varieties of eczema: true, microbial, seborrheic and occupational. Each has its own nuances of manifestation.

Manifestations of eczema: from itching to weeping erosion

True eczema most often begins in childhood, acquires a chronic course and continues throughout life with periodic exacerbations of the process. Foci of skin lesions are always symmetrical and are localized more often on the face, hands and feet.

Microbial eczema – occurs as a complication of long-term skin diseases caused by pathogens (streptoderma, fungal infections, scabies, etc.).

Seborrheic eczema develops, as a rule, against the background of seborrhea and usually affects the skin of the forehead, back of the neck, scalp, upper chest, or interscapular region.

Occupational eczema develops in open areas of the body as a result of exposure to substances that have an irritating effect – the so-called industrial allergens. It is faced by people working in hazardous industries (certain laboratories, chemical plants, etc.). The lesions are characterized by redness and the appearance of a large number of bubbles. Weeping erosions form later, then crusts. In places affected by eczema, patients feel severe itching and burning, which causes significant discomfort and, of course, reduces the quality of life.

Self-medication is dangerous

Often you can see that eczema affects areas on the hands of patients. But without timely treatment by a doctor, the lesions can spread throughout the body, infection may join, since the protective function of the skin is impaired in the lesions. An infection can penetrate through cracks and wounds, which causes suppuration of the foci and contributes to a long, progressive course of the disease.

As soon as you find any signs of eczema in yourself, you should immediately contact a dermatologist. In no case do not self-medicate!

Eczema refers to those types of diseases that develop very quickly and rapidly pass into the chronic phase. And with self-medication, complications such as:

  • suppuration of the affected areas;

  • deeper skin lesions with ulceration and subsequent scarring;

– common fungal infection of the skin, persistent and prolonged redness of the skin as a result of inflammation (erythroderma).

It is necessary to timely medication, both local and general (intake of drugs inside), treatment, physiotherapy, diet. Sometimes specialists in other areas are needed, for example, neurologists, gastroenterologists. It will not be possible to cure the disease, being under stress and overstrain, constantly in contact with substances that cause allergic manifestations, without eliminating the microbial or fungal infection of the skin. So first of all, rid yourself of the source of stress and tune in to treatment.

Photo: Depositphotos.com_

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