Endometriosis: symptoms and treatment

Health Tips

Endometriosis is considered one of the most common diseases of the female genital area. Goodshapetips offers to get acquainted in detail with new methods of treating this pathology.

What is endometriosis?

This term refers to a pathological process in which tissue grows outside the uterine cavity, similar to the one that lines the cavity from the inside (endometrium). These tumor-like growths function in much the same way as normal endometrium and undergo cyclical changes, but due to their incorrect location, they lead to discomfort, severe pain in the lower abdomen and lower back during menstruation.

Unfortunately, about 80% of women around the world believe that painful periods are normal. Approximately a third of women prefer not to go to a gynecologist’s appointment, but complain about the pain to their friends. But in addition to harm to health, endometriosis carries with it a direct threat to the emotional and psychological state of the body: the monthly expectation of severe pain, discomfort during intercourse, which sometimes makes it completely impossible, the risk of infertility – all this, of course, sharply reduces the quality of life of a woman.

What causes endometriosis?

Today there are many theories explaining the development of this disease, but none of them summarizes all the main causes. And there are several of them:

  • Heredity;
  • Infectious diseases;
  • Complicated childbirth and abortion;
  • Hormonal disorders.

Separately called neuro-endocrine disorders associated with stress, malnutrition and the presence of chronic diseases.

Main symptoms

With the greatest probability, it is the pain that increases during menstruation that can talk about the alleged endometriosis. In addition, irregular and excessively heavy menstruation, spotting after menstruation, significant discomfort during intercourse, disruption of the ovulation process, which often causes infertility, and sudden significant weight gain should be alerted.

Many experts note that most often endometriosis occurs in women of reproductive age, that is, the most fertile age. In addition, business women are much more susceptible to this disease due to their active social life: frequent stress, constant psycho-emotional stress and disorders in the immune system put them at risk.

Treatment of endometriosis

According to experienced experts dealing with the problem of endometriosis, it is extremely important to diagnose the disease at the earliest stages and begin effective treatment as soon as possible. Like many diseases, endometriosis is usually treated using two main approaches: surgical and conservative.

Today, the therapy of endometriosis, fortunately, has undergone significant changes, it has become possible to delay or completely avoid surgical intervention.

In previous years, endometriosis was treated with drugs that suppressed ovarian function and lowered levels of estrogen, the female sex hormone. As a result, this led to the manifestation of the climacteric syndrome – hot flashes, increased heart rate, as well as osteopenia and an increased risk of fractures. That is, it was possible to get rid of endometriosis, but other pathologies were inevitably acquired.

Today, in accordance with international recommendations, new generation hormonal preparations are used that preserve ovarian function. These drugs are contraceptives, so they can be taken for a long time without any harm to health.

Drugs in this group contain a very low concentration of hormones and have a very specific mechanism of action, which minimizes the number of side effects. This significantly changes the approach to the treatment of endometriosis. The fact is that for a long period of time taking hormonal drugs, including contraceptives, seemed to be something extremely undesirable, and in Russia only 10% of patients with endometriosis received such drugs. In comparison, French women were much more loyal to hormone treatment, with 60% of women using them.

Preventive measures

Unfortunately, there are no specific measures to prevent endometriosis. But since one of the theories of the origin of endometriosis is genetic, it makes sense for women whose mothers or grandmothers suffered from this disease to consult a gynecologist as soon as possible.

There is an interesting fact: Italian scientists believe that endometriosis and individual skin pigmentation have common genes. The presence of specific phenotypic features such as red hair, moles, freckles, and sun sensitivity appear to be more common in patients with endometriosis. Women with this diagnosis should be more careful about their health and protect themselves from exposure to sunlight with sunscreen, as well as reduce the time spent in the sun.

It is also worth noting that the risk of developing the disease is twice as high in owners of green and blue eyes, as well as in those who were often exposed to the first rays of the sun and received skin burns as a result.

And finally, it should be said that an active lifestyle, quitting smoking and having a first child at a young age significantly reduces the risk of endometriosis.

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