Excellent memory: what’s the secret?

Health Tips

How often do you make a to-do list for tomorrow or use a list of groceries to buy at the store? Do you trust your memory? Use the advice from Goodshapetips and your general practitioner – and bring your memory closer to perfection!

The ancient Greek philosopher Socrates considered writing to be the worst enemy of memory, depriving it of constant training. The famous orator kept all his knowledge in his head.

Julius Caesar remembered the names of all his soldiers and at the decisive moment of the battle addressed them by name.

It was enough for S. V. Rachmaninoff and V. A. Mozart to hear the most complex polyphonic work once in order to write it down from memory in accordance with all the rules of musical notation.

The possibilities of human memory are endless. It is believed that we can remember more information than “gathers dust” on the shelves of the largest libraries in the world. However, in ordinary life we ​​are able to reproduce only 5-10% of the information that is stored in the head.

How to perceive information so that it is remembered?

Imagine that you go out into the street and rush along the usual road to a date with your loved one.

At this time, in the cells of the brain – neurons – thousands of nerve impulses run through, you remember absolutely everything that you see, hear and feel.

However, this memory is instant, it is stored in the head for a fraction of a second and is erased without a trace.

Instantaneous memory allows us to navigate in space: you looked at the clock, saw that there was still enough time, and immediately forgot what time it was, since your thoughts were occupied with completely different concerns.

Here you have met your loved one. His joyful face, friendly kiss, hugs you will not forget in a couple of seconds. The path of the nerve impulse in the brain will close.

The signal from your eyes, which will look at your favorite features, will run around the circle more than once. This information will be recorded in short-term memory, which is stored in the head for several hours.

But suddenly an ordinary date will dramatically change your life: your beloved man will decide to propose to you.

You will remember this event until the end of your days. All your emotions, vivid feelings that overwhelm your heart will be reflected in only one electrical discharge, which will leave a trace in the brain forever.

it long-term memory is the basis of our life experience, skills and abilities, the connection of the past, present and future.

Moreover, you will remember something that would never have attracted your attention before: a car standing nearby, a ray of sunshine that blinded your eyes for a moment, the flowers that he gave this particular time.

And always with the memories of that happy day, the thought will run through the “trodden” path in your memory, collecting along the way all the little things and nuances that you felt in those exciting minutes.

We have the best developed visual memory. Therefore, for example, we often recognize a person by sight, although we cannot remember his name.

The ability to perceive spoken language is a type of auditory memory.

Olfactory memory is closely related to emotional memory. Often, when a familiar smell appears, various emotions pop up in memory, which we cannot always explain.

motor memory allows us to control the car by “automatically” pressing the pedals and shifting gears, “on autopilot” typing the password on the keyboard, dancing, etc.

Learning to remember everything!

Of all the perceived information, only the most important and useful is remembered.

It has been proven that those events that evoke strong emotions are better recorded in memory. Moreover, joyful, pleasant impressions are stored in memory longer than negative ones.

Information from the field of professional knowledge or hobbies of a person is much better perceived. The more you know in a given area, the easier it is for you to learn new material.

sharp eyesight, subtle hearing, sensitive sense of smell and the ability to focus on the main thing!

one. Do not be distructed! Although women are superior to any personal computer in multitasking, memory from a large number of “downloaded applications” can suffer.

There is a concept of “dominant” of the brain. This is the strongest electrical impulse that occurs when performing the most important task at the moment. The stronger this impulse, the deeper it will remain in memory.

If several impulses act simultaneously, then the strength of each of them decreases, and it is difficult for the brain to choose the main one.

Therefore, instead of important information, you can remember how delicious it was to eat a sausage sandwich or how out of tune the radio sang over your ear.

2. Try to use different types of memory by combining them. Each of us has a predominant type of memory: someone remembers better by ear, and someone instantly “grabs” visual images.

However, the information that we receive using different senses is better remembered.

For example, learning a phone number is easier by writing it down (visual and motor memory) and speaking it out loud (auditory memory). No wonder there is a Latin proverb: “Who writes – reads twice!”

3. “Remember this!” Such an attitude will immediately set your mind in the right way if you see, hear or read something important.

four. Learn mnemonics. This is a whole complex of techniques for optimizing memory processes. The progenitors of mnemonics are ancient poets, bards, orators and elders who were the guardians of culture and history before the development of writing.

Mnemonics teaches simple ways to rhyme, break information into pieces, find the most amazing and vivid associations that make it easy to remember even the most boring numbers and dates.

Storerooms of memory: how to remember what is forgotten?

The mechanisms of information storage in the brain have not yet been fully disclosed, but it is known that the reserves of memory “for a rainy day” significantly exceed the amount of information that we can use in everyday life.

For example, in a state of hypnosis, a person is able to reproduce the knowledge that he did not even know about.

With age, the ability to retain information coming from outside decreases, especially without constant training.

Therefore, old people often remember in detail their youth, the events of many years ago. But what happened the day before is forgotten.

Healthy nerve cells, sharp mind and quick reaction.

one. “Charge your brains!” For normal brain function polyunsaturated fatty acids are required. They are found in oils: olive, linseed, peanut, etc.

A rich source of omega-3 fatty acids are fatty fish: herring, tuna, mackerel or fish oil.

The main “food for the brain” are carbohydrates: pasta and bakery products, potatoes. You can treat yourself to chocolates. And a cup of coffee with sugar or a glass of memory can be compared with doping.

Needed for a good memory B vitamins, iron and magnesium. It may be useful to take dietary supplements containing these elements, as well as natural adaptogens: ginseng, aralia, rhodiola rosea.

2. “Repetition is the mother of learning.” To save information in long-term memory, it is of great importance how often we turn to the accumulated knowledge, “wipe the dust off it.”

It is not difficult to instill in yourself a good habit: before going to bed, remember all the important events that happened during the day. Focus on those moments that you want to keep in memory for a long time.

If you purposefully memorize some material, then you should not repeat it a hundred times in a row. There should be time between repetitions so that “everything settles down in the head.”

If, say, you remember the information after 4 repetitions and were able to repeat it, then for reliable storage you need to repeat it 2 more times. That is, half as much as it took to “write” into short-term memory. It is considered optimal to “refresh” the memorized information after another 24 hours.

3. “The morning is wiser than the evening”! It has been proven that the safety of information is doubled if you have a good night’s sleep after a portion of what you have memorized.

Reproduction of information can be compared to going to the library or searching the Internet. If everything is “sorted out” and a card index is well compiled, then it is not difficult to find the necessary information.

Learn to systematize, generalize and compare, find common ground between the information already in your head and the newly received information, self-confidence and the ability to fantasize.

one. Believe in yourself. If in difficult times memory brings you down, think about the fact that the necessary information is very close – in your head. After all, you have repeatedly read it, listened to it, etc. You just need to find it.

2. Try to restore circumstances, images, associations… All those “flags” that can help you find what you need in the “bins of memory.”

3. There are various methods restoring memory with the help of fantasies. For example, imagine that you are walking through your memory library, on the shelves of which the necessary information is located. Sometimes such a fantasy miraculously helps to find the information you need.

According to another method, it is proposed to schematically draw your brain on paper. Write the name of each part of the studied material on different parts of the picture.

When it will be necessary to reproduce the information, it is enough to recall the image of the brain with captions, and the necessary information will “pop up” in memory.

one. Train your attention! Such training can be turned into a game. For example, every day, climbing into your favorite armchair, carefully examine the room, close your eyes and try to reproduce the interior in every detail: dust on the doorknob, a button torn off a blouse lying on a chest of drawers…

Standing in line, walking down the street, play detective. Take a quick look at the passerby, and when you pass by, try to reproduce his “special signs”. So you strengthen your memory for faces and names. Remembering a new acquaintance, look for parallels between his facial features and his name.

2. Learn poetry. This exercise is great for enhancing memory. In addition, knowledge of poetry will help you fill any gap in the conversation and become an excellent conversationalist.

3. In the shop calculate your own expenses even if you have to check the cash register. Mental counting expands the possibilities of short-term memory, allows you to quickly operate large amounts of information.

four. Pause when you see, hear, or read something important. Take time out to process the information you have received. Take a minute before leaving the house, look around. Haven’t forgotten anything? The tradition of “sit on the path” was invented precisely for this.

5. Always have a cheat sheet handy so that no one doubts your phenomenal memory! After all, it’s impossible to remember everything. The main thing is to know where to find the answers you need!

Natalia DOLGOPOLOVA,
general practitioner

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