Fainting

Health Tips

Fainting is an episode of loss of consciousness as a result of impaired blood supply to the brain.

Conditions that may cause fainting:

  1. Diseases of the cardiovascular system (rhythm disturbances, atherosclerotic vascular lesions, congenital anomalies in the development of blood vessels, heart defects)
  2. Drop in blood pressure, shock, collapse
  3. Diseases of the brain, impaired nervous regulation (vegetative-vascular dystonia)
  4. Diseases of the endocrine system (diabetes mellitus)
  5. Anemia, bleeding, dehydration, suffocation.

Fainting occurs during pregnancy, in a stuffy room, from fear, pain, against the background of hyperventilation of the lungs (with frequent and deep breathing), hard work, overheating, prolonged exposure to the sun (see heat and sunstroke), hungry fainting.

Symptoms of fainting:

Usually, fainting is preceded by a state of malaise, faintness: nausea, a veil, iridescent circles, flies before the eyes, noise and ringing in the ears appear. Cold sweat comes out, the person turns pale, feels weak, dizzy, coordination of movements is lost, legs give way.

If the influence of the factor that caused the condition is not stopped, the person loses consciousness, which is accompanied by a drop in pressure, pallor, weakness of heart tones, pulse, non-rhythmic pulses, and delayed pupillary reaction to light. The fainting spell usually lasts a few seconds. With prolonged fainting (more than 1-5 minutes), involuntary urination, convulsions may occur.

First aid for fainting:

Provide blood flow to the brain. To do this, lay the victim on his back, turn his head to the side, raise his legs, you can put a roller of clothes under them, substitute a chair, and so on.

If it is not possible, put him on a chair, lower his head down between his legs.

To improve breathing, it is necessary to take a person to fresh air, or open a window, door, unbutton the collar of clothing.

Drop 1-2 drops of ammonia on cotton wool or cloth and bring it to the victim’s nose at a distance of 3-5 cm.

If fainting does not stop, call an ambulance.

After a person comes to his senses, it is necessary to give him sweet tea to drink, warm, and provide peace.

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