The liver is the main organ of our body, which filters the blood and cleanses it of all harmful substances. Very often we eat, take medicines, smoke, take alcohol and do not think that all this destroys our liver. Goodshapetips will tell you how to protect yourself and your body.
How to understand that your liver is suffering? What are the consequences of liver damage? Let’s start from the very beginning.
What can harm our liver?
First of all, this food, which we eat. All dyes, preservatives, nitrates, all toxins from poorly prepared or spoiled foods, alcohol – all this settles in our liver and destroys it.
The second most important item is **drugs.**They are perceived by the body as foreign bodies, and blood is filtered from them in the liver.
There are drugs that practically do not affect the functioning of the liver – these are those that are excreted through the kidneys. And this is another factor why it is strongly not recommended to take medications on your own and uncontrollably.
Many drugs require constant monitoring of the state of the liver, which is possible only in medical institutions and under the attention of a doctor.
Followed by toxic substances that surround us everywhere – these are gasoline vapors, paints, smoke, etc.
parasite infestation, such as liver fluke (opisthorchiasis), clonorchiasis and others. You can become infected by eating poorly processed fish or meat.
And finally viruses and infections. The most common is the hepatitis virus. Hepatitis A has a fecal-oral route of transmission and can be introduced into the body through food, dirty hands, dishes, etc. It is also the most favorable type of hepatitis – it is almost completely cured.
Things are worse with _hepatitis B and C._They are more common and are transmitted through blood, saliva, genitals and semen. I note right away that they are not transmitted with breast milk.
Most often, the diseases caused by these viruses take a chronic form and slowly destroy liver cells over a lifetime.
Not only hepatitis viruses are toxic to the liver, but also many other viruses, bacteria and infections that cause intoxication of the body.
To protect the liver, it is necessary to eliminate all of the above factors from your life as much as possible. Since it is impossible to completely rid oneself of the harmful effects, an important aspect is the control of the functional state of the liver.
To do this, in the absence of symptoms of liver damage, it is necessary take a biochemical blood test once a year (bilirubin and its fractions, ALT, AST, protein and its fractions), do an ultrasound of the liver.
For any viral and bacterial diseases, it is necessary to minimize the toxic effects of drugs and the viruses themselves on the body.
To do this, drink plenty of fluids, do not delay with the onset of active treatment of the disease, lower the body temperature if it is above 38 degrees.
What symptoms should be considered for liver damage?
- Yellowness of the skin and sclera
- The appearance of vascular “asterisks” on the abdomen
- Heaviness and pain in the right hypochondrium
- Enlargement of the liver in size (normally, the liver does not protrude from under the ribs)
- Nausea, vomiting
- Enlargement of the abdomen in volume (due to the accumulation of fluid in it)
- Redness of the palms
- Itchy skin
How to be examined and how to interpret the test results?
- Ultrasound of the liver can show the presence of neoplasms, cysts, hemangiomas, helminthic invasions, the presence of a chronic process in the liver, such as hepatitis, cirrhosis.
- Biochemical analysis of blood: an increase in bilirubin indicates the presence of liver suffering of any nature.
An increase in transaminases (AST, ALT) several times – this may be a sign of viral or inflammatory liver damage.
The liver also plays a role in protein metabolism, so a decrease in protein may also indicate liver damage. An increase in alkaline phosphatase can occur with bile stasis.
If you notice any symptoms that may indicate liver damage, or if you have any liver pathology detected during the examination, then you should immediately consult a doctor.
Neglect of one’s health in this case can result in the development of cirrhosis (death of liver cells), ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, sometimes up to 50 liters !!!), chronic intoxication of the body in the form of nausea, vomiting, bleeding (with severe liver damage patients die because of bleeding).
The disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Take care of your health and don’t get sick!
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