From comedones to lipomas: types, symptoms and causes…

Health Tips

Comedones

Commonly referred to as blackheads or acne, this is probably the most common type of acne. They appear as a result of clogging of pores with excess sebum and dead cells of the epidermis. There are two types of comedones: closed, usually whiteheads, and open, what is commonly called blackheads.

In open comedones, sebum oxidizes and quickly hardens, acquiring a dark, most often black tint.

Closed comedones are hidden under a thin layer of skin and have a white or pinkish tint. Comedones are dangerous only because they cause severe stress and irritation in their owners, as they tend to jump out at the most inopportune moment.

The most effective way to avoid acne is to always, under any circumstances, wash your face at night! To cleanse pores and prevent breakouts, dermatologists recommend using products containing at least a 2% salicylic acid solution.

But it is highly not recommended to use the strips so beloved by many to remove black dots.

The fact is that Velcro strips literally rip off the natural protective layer of the skin, while removing black dots only superficially. The pores remain clogged and vulnerable to infection.

For the treatment of chronic acne, topical agents such as benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, and azeloic acid are usually used, and in some cases, oral antibiotics may be used at the discretion of the dermatologist.

Inflammatory acne

Acne of an inflammatory nature can be quite simply recognized by the redness and depletion of the skin, concentrated around a small abscess.

They occur when bacteria attach to excess sebum and dead skin cells in our pores. Quite often, acne with inflammation develops from ordinary comedones when you try to squeeze them out yourself at home.

To reduce these types of breakouts, it is recommended to use cleansers that contain benzoyl peroxide, as well as choose oil-free skin care products.

As an ambulance for incipient inflammation, dermatologists recommend immediately applying a cream to the pimple, which includes one percent hydrocortisone and benzoyl peroxide. A pharmacy consultant will help you choose the right remedy. And of course, in no case should such a pimple be squeezed out, since this is fraught not only with the possibility of infection and aggravation of inflammation, but also with the risk of scarring or scarring.

Rosacea

Rosacea, also called rosacea, is a chronic inflammation that manifests itself in the form of characteristic redness and skin rashes on the nose, cheeks, chin and forehead.

Due to the chronic nature of rosacea, there is no cure for rosacea. However, there are ways to significantly reduce the inflammation that leads to redness and acne.

As a rule, people with rosacea have very sensitive skin in areas prone to breakouts. Therefore, it is recommended to use mild, hypoallergenic cleansers and light texture moisturizers.

Also, do not neglect sun protection, as ultraviolet radiation can increase skin inflammation.

It is important to know the triggers of inflammation that cause skin deterioration. Each person has their own. It can be alcohol, physical activity, stress, specific ingredients that make up skin care or decorative cosmetics, and many others.

Specific treatment for rosacea is also individualized and may include topical treatments such as azelaic acid and prescription lotions and ointments, as well as oral antibiotics.

Before starting treatment for rosacea, it is imperative to consult a doctor to confirm the diagnosis. Since rosacea can mask diseases such as eczema and lupus.

Milia

These are harmless superficial cysts, small white hard pimples 1-2 mm in diameter that appear under the skin, usually around the nose, cheeks and eyes. They are not squeezable and are not washed off by acne products.

Milia can occur in any skin type and color. However, more often than others, people suffering from rosacea, who have been exposed to sunburn, as well as lovers of oil-based makeup products, face this problem.

In addition to aesthetic problems, milia does not pose any significant threat to health.

Exfoliators with alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) such as glycolic acid or lactic acid are well suited for home care for this type of skin.

If home or salon care products are powerless, for a radical solution to the problem, you can always contact a dermatologist who will remove milia with a small incision.

Follicular keratosis

These tiny, goosebump-like pimples, or pimples as they are also called, are most commonly seen on the thighs or shoulders, but occasionally they can pop up on the face as well.

Follicular keratosis occurs when an excess of cells of the keratinized layer of the epidermis accumulates in the area of ​​​​the follicles, thereby preventing normal hair growth and the removal of sebum, thereby causing the effect of goose bumps.

Most often, follicular keratosis is hereditary, but in some cases it can be the result of stress, unbalanced nutrition and long-term use of hormonal drugs.

Keratosis does not pose a serious health risk and does not require special treatment. However, regular home or salon treatments to exfoliate dead skin cells of the body will help the skin look more even and smooth.

Lipoma

This is a benign tumor formed from adipose tissue, so it is often called that and is called a wen.

For the most part, wen are felt as soft mobile nodules that form under the skin, in places of the fatty layer, and can appear on almost any part of the body, including the face. As a rule, the size of wen does not exceed 5 cm, but in exceptional cases it can reach 20 cm.

The good news is that lipoma is almost always benign and does not require specific treatment.

If a wen causes physical or aesthetic discomfort, it can be easily removed with minimally invasive surgery.

However, if you notice that the lipoma has begun to intensively increase in size or cause pain, it makes sense to make an appointment with a dermatologist who will prescribe the necessary tests and possibly perform a biopsy.

Photo: vostock-photo

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