Functional food

Health Tips

Functional nutrition is food products that serve not only to meet human needs for proteins, fats, carbohydrates, micro- and macroelements, but also realize other goals: increase immunity, improve bowel and heart function, help reduce or increase body weight, and much more. other.

I.e, in the production of functional foods, their properties change somewhat in order to target various functions of the body. To do this, products are enriched with iodine, calcium, vitamins, dietary fiber, beneficial bacteria, they increase the specific content of protein, complex carbohydrates, unsaturated fats, and so on.

Why do we need functional nutrition?

The need to use functional food products is dictated by the food shortage that is becoming worse every year, which affects all countries of the world. Despite seeming prosperity, in almost all countries of the world there is a nutritional deficiency in the most important nutrients: proteins, unsaturated fats, complex carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.

At the same time, the calorie content of the daily diet of a modern person, as a rule, exceeds the required norm by several times, which leads to a massive increase in obesity and related diseases. The deterioration in the quality of nutrition is due to poor purchasing power, low quality products, the destruction of food culture and poor lifestyle.

Who Invented Functional Nutrition?

Back in 1908 Russian scientist I.I. Mechnikov first proved the high health value of fermented milk products with the content of Bulgarian and acidophilic sticks.

but The term “functional food” belongs to Japan. In the early 1980s, a nutritional improvement law was passed there, which planned to create special foods with proven medicinal properties for various groups of the population, depending on age, health status and rhythm of life. At the moment, in the Land of the Rising Sun, there are more than 150 types of functional food products, which, in addition to nutrition, also serve medicinal purposes.

The range of such products in different countries is not the same. After all, it has long been proven that a healthy diet is a traditional diet. The Japanese are accustomed to eating everything that lives in the sea. In France, red wine, asparagus and artichokes complete the list of functional foods. Universal “healthy food”, common in all parts of the world are only fermented milk products enriched with beneficial bacteria – probiotics.

In our country, there are various enriched products, which are supplemented with vitamins, mineral complexes, fiber and other components to increase their value. They are mainly represented by fermented milk products, baby food products, cookies and juices, as well as powders for making nutritious cocktails. Many of them are used as components of sports nutrition.

In addition, in recent years, a large selection of imported functional food products has been on sale.

When buying functional food products, pay close attention to the composition, expiration date, and the presence of a state certificate. Strictly follow the dosage and instructions for use. If you want to achieve certain therapeutic goals by taking functional foods, it is better to consult with your doctor.

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