Haemorrhoids

Health Tips

Hemorrhoids are one of the most common diseases of the anus. With hemorrhoids, protrusion and inflammation of the hemorrhoids, bleeding from them and thrombosis occur.

Around the rectum is a loose venous network. Under certain conditions, the pressure in the veins increases, varicose nodes are formed, which can protrude into the intestinal lumen, and then “fall out” out of the anus.

Hemorrhoids from the venous plexus of the upper rectum are called internal. Allocate also external hemorrhoids – protrusion of the nodes of the venous network located in the lower parts of the intestine, under the skin of the anus. External hemorrhoids usually cause less trouble than internal ones.

Why does hemorrhoids develop?

The first reason: a violation of the mechanical properties of the connective tissue of the walls of the rectum, weakness of the muscles of the perineum.

The second reason is a violation of the outflow of venous blood from the choroid plexus of the rectum. Blood stagnates with increased pressure in the pelvis during pregnancy, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. Blood flow disturbance occurs when constipationrare emptying of the rectum, which is stretched by the contents, as well as some anatomical and functional features of the intestine.

Risk factors for developing hemorrhoids

  • hereditary predisposition
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Varicose disease
  • constipation
  • Obesity
  • Smoking and drinking alcohol
  • Heavy physical labor associated with heavy lifting
  • Sedentary, sedentary lifestyle
  • anal sex

Symptoms of hemorrhoids

The initial signs are pain, itching and burning in the anus, a feeling of incomplete emptying of the rectum without the urge to defecate.

Usually draws attention to the appearance of blood in the stool or underwear.

In the clinical stage, protrusions of the mucosa are found – hemorrhoids, around the anus. Hemorrhoidal cones can ulcerate, become infected. With prolonged bleeding, hemorrhoids can lead to the development of anemia.

In the case of thrombosis of the nodes, a sharp intense pain occurs, which requires medical intervention.

Read more: How to treat hemorrhoids?

Treatment and prevention of hemorrhoids

Prevention of hemorrhoids is to combat constipation and diarrhea, regular bowel movements.

After defecation, use soft toilet paper, be sure to wash yourself.

Shower regularly with cold water.

Physical therapy is a good preventive measure. Showing exercises for the gluteal muscles, muscles of the inner thighs and abdominals. It is useful to strain the muscles of the anus and perineum several times a day.

If you are prone to hemorrhoids, you should avoid prolonged sitting in a sitting position, especially on a soft sofa or chair. You should sit on a hard chair, periodically take a break and warm up. Do not get involved in cycling, horseback riding, weightlifting, baths and hot baths.

Try not to spend more than 5 minutes in the toilet, do not take books and magazines with you!

Treatment of hemorrhoids is possible in a conservative and operative way.

For conservative treatment in the early stages, various drugs are used that improve the condition of the venous wall. When bleeding, pain and inflammation occur, agents are used to prevent thrombosis, relieve inflammation and stop bleeding. Widely used wound healing drugs. As a rule, drugs are prescribed not only inside, but also in the form of suppositories and ointments.

With the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy resort to surgical treatment:

  • Infrared coagulation – removal of nodes using high temperature (cauterization)
  • Sclerotherapy is the introduction of a special solution under the mucous membrane of the rectum, which leads to adhesion of the mucous membrane and the fall of hemorrhoids.
  • Ligation of nodes – constriction of their base in various ways, as a result of which their blood supply is disturbed and the nodes fall off on their own, and the wound heals.
  • Surgical removal of nodes is performed with thrombosisas well as in cases where the methods listed above do not lead to the desired result.
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