The immune system protects our body from any genetically alien invasion: microbes, viruses, protozoa or cells of our own body that have changed as a result of mutations, diseases. If the immune system is good and the immune system notices the invasion from the outside or breakdowns inside in time and adequately responds to them, the person is healthy.
Resistance to infections is due to a number of protective mechanisms. The first line of defense is represented by mechanical barriers of the skin and mucous membranes. The second barrier is a special type of leukocytes.
With age, as a result of adverse effects, the immune system ceases to cope with the function of control and timely destruction of pathological cells. As a result, the body accumulates changes that are expressed in the process of aging, the formation of various chronic diseases.
The immune system suffers especially strongly from the effects of stress, poor environmental conditions, poor nutrition and the use of toxic drugs.
Signs of inadequate immunity
• Rapid fatigue, weakness, lethargy, weakness. Poor night sleep, feeling tired in the morning.
• Frequent colds, more than 3-4 times a year.
• Your doctor called your condition “chronic” or “recurrent.”
• You have an allergic, autoimmune, or cancerous disease.
Reasons to see an immunologist:
You have found signs that indicate a defective functioning of the immune system.
The presence of furunculosis, herpes, purulent inflammation of the sweat glands.
Frequent stomatitis and other inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity; frequent exacerbations of sinusitis, bronchitis, colitis, etc.
Persistent, difficult to treat infections of the urogenital tract (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, etc.).
Surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy for malignant neoplasms.
Preparation for pregnancy, especially in the presence of chronic diseases.
If you want to maintain health for life, you should start taking care of it while it is still in order. Preventive treatment is always easy and not burdensome.
SM clinic specialists allergists-immunologistsoffer you a survey technique that allows you to identify the state of pre-illness, i.e. a condition in which there are still no external signs of the disease, but the tests already indicate an imminent breakdown of your body.
Diagnostic study of the immune status
An important role in the examination of patients with frequently recurring infections is played by the assessment of the work of the immune system – the immune status.
If the presence of an infection, which is called “on the face”, and the immune status is unchanged, then they speak of the inadequacy of the immune response to the bacterial process.
When prescribing a laboratory examination to a patient, the immunologist intends to clarify the nature of disorders in the immune system.
To prescribe adequate immunocorrective therapy, it is necessary to conduct an immunological examination.
Strengthening immunity: tips and tricks
The immune system plays an extremely important role in human life. It is a complex of organs and cells aimed at performing an immunological function, i.e. to protect the body from genetically alien substances coming from outside or formed in the body itself.
The organs of the immune system include the bone marrow, in which the lymphoid tissue is closely associated with the hematopoietic tissue, thymus (thymus gland), tonsils, spleen, lymph nodes in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the digestive, respiratory systems and urogenital apparatus.
Bone marrow and thymus are the central organs of the immune system, since lymphocytes are formed from bone marrow stem cells in them.
Numerous lymph nodes lie along the paths of lymph from organs and tissues to the venous system. Foreign substances in the form of particles of dead cells, together with the tissue fluid, enter the lymph flow, are retained and neutralized in the lymph nodes.
This process is called the immune response. After the destruction of the antigen, the immune response stops. But it does not pass for the body without a trace. Some lymphocytes contain a kind of “immune memory”.
These lymphocytes are not involved in the elimination of antigens, but they are distinguished by a long lifespan and are very quickly activated when the same antigen enters the body again. The state of immunity is based on the presence of immune memory.
The body produces thousands of varieties of cells that can withstand different types of foreign substances, adapt to their mutations and changes in composition. Each variety is highly specialized, i.e. is responsible for the elimination of only specific types of antigens.
All forms of the immune response can be divided into acquired and innate reactions. The main difference between them is that acquired immunity is highly specific for a particular type of antigen. To some types of diseases (chickenpox, measles, diphtheria), survivors often develop lifelong immunity.
Disturbances in the activity of the immune system lead to increased sensitivity to diseases, an increase in the recurrence of the occurrence and severity of the course of a particular disease. For more effective work, the immune system must be constantly kept in “combat readiness”.
This is facilitated by following several recommendations:
First of all, you need to adhere to proper nutrition. The body must receive certain vitamins (A, C) and nutrients in sufficient quantities. Helps in strengthening the immune system: garlic, licorice, fruits, some herbal infusions.
Another important element is maintaining a healthy lifestyle. All types of physical exercises: with a reasonable load – running, swimming, gymnastics, training on simulators, walking, tempering procedures – have the most beneficial effect on the immune system.
Stress has a detrimental effect on the immune system. Constant exposure to stress leads to extremely negative consequences. Try to avoid stressful situations or treat them more calmly.
It is important to remember that the strengthening of immunity cannot be carried out uncontrollably, it should not only be increased, but also adjusted depending on the individual characteristics of the body. If you are prone to colds or other viral infections, the course of the disease is protracted and leads to complications, you should consult an immunologist.
Experienced specialists of “SM-Clinic” will help to determine reasons for the decrease in immunity,they will give professional recommendations and select individual programs to effectively solve problems associated with impaired functions of the immune system, which is so important for a person.
We work seven days a week! You can see our prices here.