Hormones and excess weight: the whole truth about this addiction

Health Tips

Why does this happen, what determines weight loss and weight gain? First of all, the main cause of excess weight is hormones, or rather, metabolic disorders and hormonal balance of the body. I.e, your first action in losing weight is a trip to the endocrinologist.

What are the causes of obesity?

Science knows a lot of factors that affect excess weight:

  • immobility,
  • binge eating,
  • stress,
  • heredity,
  • hormones responsible for metabolism.

If you understand the mechanisms of action of these hormones, you can significantly reduce the likelihood of developing obesity in your body.

Many believe that excess weight arises from the fact that with food we get more nutrients and energy than we are able to absorb and use them, and this is true. In addition, many people think that in order to get rid of excess fat, you only need to eat less and spend more, and then you will begin to lose weight very quickly – but this is only partly true.

organism – this is a zealous owner, if once he was shown how much to eat, he will remember it forever. If later he is deliberately deprived of food, he will “fill his bins” by hook or by crook, since a decrease in food intake is stress for the body: difficult times have come, the owner is starving him, which means you need to make stash for a rainy day .

He tries in every possible way to regain a state of blissful peace and prosperity (even with excess) food. Therefore, you eat less, and the weight is worth or even increases. This program is carried out by hormones, the guardians of the well-being of every bodily, including fat, cell.

Hormones start to increase your appetite, slow down the metabolism in the body, sending fats in reserve, which allows them to return the weight to its previous point despite your efforts.

The role of female hormones

The figure of a woman differs significantly from that of a man, this is due to female hormones and female-type fat deposition. Basically, the chest, buttocks, legs and stomach, arms and face to a lesser extent become fat. Nature designed it to carry a baby, she stores subcutaneous fat to cushion the blows and expend energy on the formation of breast milk.

Female hormones are of the greatest importance during critical periods – when the body enters the stage of puberty, then excess nutrition will immediately be deposited in typically female places, thanks to estrogen. In addition, the body will fix such a program of weight gain and body type, and in all periods of a woman’s life she will strive for it.

Estrogens will have the greatest effect already at age after forty, especially if you like sweet and fatty, fried. Then the body prepares for menopause, and he stores his strength in the form of fat. Fat women endure menopause more easily than their thin girlfriends, so the body tends to be overweight.

What hormones affect weight?

One of the main “fatty” hormones is rightfully leptin. This hormone responds to the amount of fat in the cells, and if the amount of fat is reduced, low levels of leptin dramatically increase your appetite and metabolism. If there are a lot of fats in the cells, an increase in the concentration of leptin in the blood tells the brain – “enough eating!”.

Leptin – an excellent appetite regulator in healthy people, but sometimes our brain becomes deaf, its receptors become clogged with other substances, and it does not hear the increase in leptin levels. Then morbid obesity is formed.

Another hormone that plays an important role in fat metabolism is insulinproduced by the pancreas. Due to it, fat accumulates in all places. It inhibits the activity of fat-splitting enzymes, helps the transformation of excess sugar into fat and its deposition in cells. When you consume sweets, the level of insulin rises sharply, which means that the transformation of sweets into extra pounds on your sides is activated.

play an important role in fat metabolism thyroid hormones (produced by the thyroid gland), they are activators of fat breakdown. With their insufficiency, hypothyroidism occurs – a disease in which the deposition of fat increases, people become very and unevenly stout. But with hyperthyroidism, or Basedow’s disease, on the contrary, there is a strong emaciation.

Promote weight loss growth hormone growth hormone, it activates the secretion of fat cells and their breakdown. Another fat-burning hormone is considered testosterone – with its lack, men become stout, become decrepit in muscles and lose masculine strength.

Why do systems fail?

People themselves are largely to blame for this: they test their metabolic systems for strength by eating too much fatty foods, and when the regulatory systems wear out and refuse to work, an avalanche-like disease occurs – obesity.

For example, insulin acts on cells during an active lifestyle, proper nutrition and moderate consumption of sugar and fat. But if you eat a lot, there is not enough insulin for the receptors of all cells, the cells become fat, so the pancreas tenses up, gives more insulin, as a result of which excess fats accumulate, and a special disease occurs – X-syndrome, or metabolic syndrome.

The most dangerous is the deposition of fat in this syndrome in the abdomen – this leads to a disruption in the liver, an increase in the formation of cholesterol, which exacerbates disorders in fat metabolism.

How can you still lose weight?

People with problems in insulin metabolism and leptin levels need to lose weight very slowly, combining a low-calorie diet with moderate (but not debilitating) exercise. Thus, you will convince the body that you should not put off fats for the future, as you need them now.

In other words, it is worth accepting the concept: “I will always eat this way now, and always train,” – then the body will slowly but surely part with its fats. Over the years, the level of insulin receptors decreases, and year by year it is necessary to teach yourself to eat less.

In general, of course, hormones significantly affect metabolism and fat deposition, but your figure, ultimately, depends on your behavior. If you do not overeat, there will be nothing to store in reserve even with the help of hormones.

Photo: freepik.com, shutterstock.com

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