Who is the first to respond to weather changes?
Scientists from the University of Manchester in the UK shared the results of a study in which 13,000 people took part. Among them were patients predominantly with arthritis. For 6 months, they described how they felt when windy, wet weather set in. Feelings were shared in a special phone program. The severity of pain was described in points. The application on the smartphone also recorded the air temperature and other weather indicators in the region where the participants of the experiment lived. As a result, it was possible to trace a direct relationship between the exacerbation of pain and damp weather with low atmospheric pressure. That is, in good, neutral weather, the wards of scientists did not notice the exacerbation of the pain syndrome. According to the participants, an accurate weather forecast will help to better plan their activities on certain days.
People who have joint diseases – arthritis, arthrosis can competently talk about the impact on the well-being of the weather. This is explained by the fact that with a decrease in atmospheric pressure (shortly and during cyclones, snow storms), the intra-articular fluid literally bursts the joint – stretching and tangible discomfort occur. This is not fatal, but pain will make itself felt – this, of course, affects the quality of life.
Also at risk are people with aortic aneurysms – the expansion of the vessel for them can turn into a bursting vessel – this cannot be allowed, it is imperative to control blood pressure, take drugs to reduce and constantly monitor pressure.
Who should be afraid of cold and heat
It has long been known that cold and frost increase the risk of heart attacks when there is a violation of the blood supply to the heart muscle. When the temperature drops, the vessels naturally narrow – their spasm occurs. It is especially dangerous to stay at sub-zero temperatures for a long time for people with atherosclerosis, that is, for those whose blood vessels are already narrowed due to cholesterol deposits.
Patients with bronchial asthma are afraid of cold weather – when cold air enters, swelling of the bronchial mucosa occurs – an asthma attack may occur. The situation is aggravated when nasal breathing is difficult (due to a runny nose, for example), that is, a person breathes through his mouth, the air does not have time to warm up. Bronchial obstruction is dangerous!
The heat is fraught with dangers for people with a number of diseases. In particular, those with atherosclerosis of the brain are at risk. At high temperatures (when the thermometer rises above +30), the regulation of the blood supply to the brain is disrupted. Hence the characteristic lethargy, fatigue, and most importantly – the risk of stroke increases. Also, overweight people sweat more in the heat, which means they lose fluid. Dehydration is another “fad” that increases the risk of a heart attack in people at risk.
Hypertensive patients feel bad when the weather changes – people complain of dizziness and weakness.
How to reduce risks
What do doctors advise, how to reduce weather sensitivity? First, stay warm if you have joint problems and know that wet weather makes you feel worse. Secondly, relieve pain with the help of appropriate remedies that your doctor can prescribe. In general, you should adjust your lifestyle, that is, do not overeat, give up alcohol and smoking, introduce at least one useful sports habit into your routine: swimming pool, outdoor walks, yoga, perhaps meditation. The mental attitude is very important. If you initially prepare for discomfort by reading the weather forecast, most likely you will not avoid it. With an optimistic attitude, all the troubles, including those with health, are easier to bear, since there is no unnecessary stress. And we add that it is people with a number of the diseases listed above that react to sudden changes in weather conditions. Healthy people have no prerequisites for meteorological dependence.
It is worth noting that the scale of pain is a very subjective symptom. However, some observations have been made in this regard. For example, British scientists have found that during a change in weather and changes in atmospheric pressure, 70% of people suffering from articular pathology experience joint pain.
How can patients help themselves if they react to weather changes?
If a person reacts to the weather, then first of all, to help himself, he should follow the weather forecast. Now it is not difficult to do this, since the media daily, almost hourly, reports this information to us. In addition, weather-sensitive people should purchase a barometer. This device, as is known, shows a tendency to decrease in atmospheric pressure.
People react to changes in such pressure in completely different ways. In patients with chronic diseases, a decrease in atmospheric pressure may be accompanied by headache, weakness, dizziness, and increased irritability. In people with coronary heart disease, anginal pain, that is, pain in the region of the heart, may become more frequent. It is especially not easy for hypertensive patients to “depend” on the weather, since basic antihypertensive therapy sometimes does not help them. In this case, the doses of the usual drugs need to be adjusted. At the time of decreasing atmospheric pressure, they should be increased
You can also act situationally. For example, if the patient has a headache in changeable weather, you can take pain pills or anti-inflammatory steroids. If severe headaches occur, which indicates an increase in intracranial pressure, then diuretics should be taken. Naturally, all this must be done with caution, after consulting with a specialist. For example, in such cases, patients often take the diuretic drug Diakarb, which penetrates the blood-brain barrier.
In patients with coronary heart disease, signs of angina are more frequent. I would recommend such people to do inhalations with oxygen. This eliminates the decrease in oxygen concentration in the atmospheric air.
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