Spring has come. This year, she pleases us with the fact that the heat comes ahead of schedule. But not for everyone, spring is a reason for joy: the time for flowering will soon begin and many will again remember watery eyes, stuffy nose, sneezing, asthma attacks, weakness … All these are signs of allergies. How can you help yourself during this period? How to prevent the development of allergies? What is allergic to? There are a lot of exciting questions that we will try to highlight.
So, who and what can be allergic? An allergic reaction can occur to any substance that is inhaled or comes into contact with the skin or mucous membranes.
These can be food (especially citrus fruits, chocolate, preservatives, flavors and thickeners, nuts, eggs, fish and seafood); house dust; industrial dust (dust of certain substances can not only cause allergies, but also lead to serious diseases of the respiratory systems); household chemicals, medicines, cosmetics, skin epithelium and pet hair, food for aquarium fish.
Allergic reactions can develop in response to viruses – in this regard, people prone to allergies are advised to take hyposensitizing (anti-allergic) drugs during a viral infection along with the main treatment.
But back to seasonal allergies, which are caused by flowering plants, their pollen, fluff. By the way, it is wrong to assume that the poplar fluff itself, which will soon cover everything around, is an allergen in itself – it carries allergens on itself, which during this period are more likely to enter our body with breathing.
Allergies are more prone to people whose relatives had or have allergies, people with chronic lung diseases, working or living in dusty places or in places where gases and aerosols accumulate.
People who are already allergic to something have an increased risk of developing allergic reactions to other types of allergens.
How can you protect yourself from allergies?
Unfortunately, there is no way to completely eliminate the risk of developing allergies. People at risk need:
refuse pets (or limit their stay in the bedroom),
remove carpets from the house, limit upholstered furniture, books and woolen items should be stored in a well-closing closet,
part with flowering plants,
carry out wet cleaning of the apartment at least once a week (after cleaning the patient should not enter the room for 3-4 hours),
use pillows and blankets made of hypoallergenic materials,
if possible, refuse synthetic clothing, work in well-ventilated areas, use the minimum amount of cosmetics (give preference to hypoallergenic cosmetics),
use household chemicals only with rubber gloves,
follow a hypoallergenic diet.
If you periodically experience allergy symptoms such as:
• redness of the eyes,
• sore throat,
• runny nose without colds,
• skin rashes,
• an increase in eosinophils and / or lymphocytes in the general blood test without a reason
• increase in immunoglobulins E, O, M, C (at least one) in the study of the immune status
• asthma attacks, cough
then you should do allergy tests – to determine what exactly you are allergic to, if the allergen is not obvious. Be sure to donate feces for worm eggs, because. worm toxins of any kind are very strong allergens.
As soon as the allergen becomes known, contact with it should be immediately minimized – the more you contact, the more pronounced the allergic reaction will be, it will require an ever smaller dose of the allergen to develop and more and more efforts will be required to stop the reaction.
It should not be forgotten that a neglected allergy drastically reduces the quality of life, up to the complete isolation of the patient from the external environment for the spring-summer period. Also, do not self-medicate – be sure to consult an allergist. Only a specialist will be able to choose the right antiallergic therapy for you and tell you in more detail about the lifestyle that should be followed in your particular case.
If you are allergic to any drug, you should immediately contact the doctor who prescribed this medicine to replace it with an analogue or stop the drug, because. the harm from taking it is often much greater than the therapeutic effect.
If you are allergic to plant pollen, then during the flowering period it is worth opening windows less (it is better to install air conditioning in the apartment). If the time of onset of allergy is known, then 2-3 weeks before the start, you should start taking hyposensitizing agents and take them throughout the flowering period.
How to be examined if you already have an allergy or there is a suspicion of its presence? Examinations should be carried out with compensation 1-2 times a year. If during the year there are exacerbations (periods of manifestation of allergies), then it is worth being examined during the period of maximum manifestation and a month after the symptoms have completely subsided to assess the progression of the disease.
• Clinical blood test
• Immune status
• Conducting allergy tests (only if the condition worsens or develops an allergic reaction to new types of allergens)
• Fluorography or X-ray of the lungs
one. Hypoallergenic diet or therapeutic fasting (only under medical supervision)
2. The use of hyposensitizing agents (Claritin, Suprastin, etc., the drug is selected by a doctor)
3. The use of other groups of medications depending on the manifestations of allergies (strictly on the recommendation of a doctor)
four. Preventing body contact with allergens
5. Exclude all possible allergens from the apartment (see above)
6. Quit smoking
7. Alternative medicine methods: naturopathy, homeopathy, acupuncture
eight. Desensitization is a method based on the gradual introduction of an allergen into the body in increasing doses, as a result of which the reaction to this allergen decreases.
Spring is a wonderful time of the year and nothing should overshadow these sunny days. Unfortunately, allergies often get worse during this season, but with a competent and timely approach, all the troubles from this disease can be minimized.