Among the modern range of toothbrushes, it is easy to get confused. In most cases, a toothbrush is chosen according to the principle: a pleasant color, a suitable price, and the manufacturer often appears in advertising. The choice of a toothbrush is given no more than five minutes. But choosing the wrong toothbrush can be harmful. oral health. So what to look for when choosing a brush?
Degree of hardness
There are four levels of hardness of the toothbrush – hard, medium, soft and very soft. Typically, the marking of the degree of rigidity is noted on the packaging: for example, “sensitive” means a very soft toothbrush, “soft” – soft, “medium” – medium, “hard” – hard, “extra-hard” – special toothbrushes that are designed for people with increased plaque formation, or in the presence of orthopedic or orthodontic constructions. These parameters are very important, but often, unfortunately, they are left without due attention.
Very soft toothbrushes shown to children and adults with diseases of the gums and hard tissues of the teeth. Such diseases include periodontitis with tooth mobility of I and II degrees, non-carious lesions of the enamel, when the enamel is not fully developed or is completely absent. Only a dentist can advise you to use a very soft toothbrush.
soft toothbrush indicated for bleeding gums, pregnant and lactating women, people with diabetes. It is unacceptable to use a soft toothbrush in combination with careless and improper brushing of the teeth. With bleeding gums, it is necessary to use a certain method of brushing your teeth and often with the use of specialized toothbrushes.
Medium hard toothbrush the most popular and used by most of the adult population. You need to use such a toothbrush with a relatively healthy oral cavity.
Hard toothbrush recommended to use smokers, coffee lovers and people with increased plaque formation of any etiology. Dentists advise using this type of brush for people with a healthy oral cavity and strong tooth enamel.
Super hard toothbrushes – this is a type of specialized brushes, which is most often used when cleaning complete dentures, in the presence of fixed bridges and braces in the oral cavity.
Important little things
When choosing, it is necessary to pay attention to the length of the working part, ideally, it should simultaneously capture a segment of teeth (2-2.5 teeth), it is thanks to this condition that the best cleaning effect of the chewing group of teeth is achieved.
The working part of the toothbrush, or head, should be rounded – so there is less risk of injuring the delicate oral mucosa. The back of the head should be made of soft material, ideally with a rough surface. Due to this, microorganisms are cleaned not only from the teeth and interdental spaces, but also from the oral mucosa.
The junction of the head and handle of the toothbrush must be movable. Thanks to the springy effect, the pressure on the area of hard and soft tissues in the oral cavity is adjusted and the risk of injury is reduced. For convenience, the handle should be thick and with rubberized inserts – so it will not slip in your hand when brushing your teeth.
There are brushes with natural and artificial bristles. At the moment, it has been scientifically proven that the use of toothbrushes with natural bristles is harmful, as it absorbs water and creates excellent conditions for the development of pathogens. Dentists recommend using toothbrushes exclusively with artificial bristles.
All bristles are treated accordingly, the tips are rounded and are not capable of causing microtrauma to the enamel and mucous membrane of the teeth. The main material used for the production of bristles is nylon. All bristles are collected in bundles, and the bundles are distributed over the working surface. According to the location of these bristles and their length, the following are distinguished:
- tiered toothbrushes. The bundles of bristles can be arranged both strictly parallel to each other and at a certain angle, due to which a certain pattern is visible on the working surface of the brush.
If we consider a hygienic toothbrush, then all the bristles are located at the same level and strictly parallel to each other. Recently, such toothbrushes are rarely used due to their low cleaning power. The only place of application of such brushes is the hygienic treatment of orthopedic structures.
Therapeutic and prophylactic toothbrushes
The bristles of such brushes are located at different levels, often bundles in such toothbrushes of different hardness. Usually they combine hard straight beams that perfectly clean the interdental spaces, more rigid short beams perfectly remove plaque and food debris from the chewing surface of the chewing teeth, soft and oblique bristles clean the cervical region of the teeth and massage the gums when brushing.
In addition, these brushes also have special additional devices in the form of silicone inserts, a silicone protrusion at the end of the working part of the head, or a ribbed surface on the back of the working head. All these elements are intended for additional polishing of the surface. teeth and gum massage or tongue cleaning. As you know, more than 60% of pathogens develop in the tongue.
A therapeutic toothbrush is best for people with weak gums who need an excellent cleaning effect and additional stimulation of the gums.
Specialty brushes include single-bundle toothbrushes that are used for special brushing techniques such as gum disease, braces, braces or implants.
The modern toothbrush market offers a range of accessories that make it easier to care for and use your toothbrush for its intended purpose. The bristles of some brushes are impregnated with a special solution that disappears during use and directly indicates when it is necessary to change the toothbrush. The general recommendation of doctors is to change the toothbrush after 2-3 months of use.
Initially, electric toothbrushes were invented for people with disabilities, and later migrated to the general masses.
Modern electric toothbrushes are battery-operated, compact and have several removable working heads that are sold as a set. More expensive models run on a battery that can be charged as needed.
To facilitate brushing your teeth, electric toothbrushes are equipped with a pressure sensor that protects teeth and gums from microtrauma, and a timer that notifies you when brushing is finished.
The presence of cleaning modes depends on the price, usually there are two of them. But, as practice shows, in most cases only one optimal mode of brushing teeth is used.
The disadvantage of an electric toothbrush is its bristles, it is almost always of medium hardness, and it is very difficult to find nozzles with soft bristles, which is necessary for people with problem gums. In addition, dentists do not recommend using electric toothbrushes for people with gum problems.
How often do you change your toothbrush?