In the off-season, when snow mixes with rain outside, we feel bad and our performance is at zero. We often think that bad health is caused by lack of vitamins, and therefore we go to the nearest pharmacy for a multivitamin preparation. But how to understand – which vitamins are not enough?
Everyone knows that vitamins are special substances that do not have calories and are not building materials for the body. But they perform a number of the most important functions of the body – they maintain the metabolism at the proper level, monitor the work of enzymes, stimulate metabolic processes, the transmission of nerve impulses, and much more.
In a word, they bring a state of harmony into the body. But this is only when they enter the body in the required amount. However, how to understand that the body is deficient in vitamins?
The most correct way
It’s best to get tested. But we are usually busy at work or other things. The doctor will also determine the typical manifestations of hypovitaminosis by your appearance and your complaints – this is how the state of vitamin deficiency is called in medicine. There are several typical external symptoms, on the basis of which even a non-physician can notice the problem.
If the body is healthy, the hair looks shiny, it is elastic, it literally flows over the shoulders and shimmers in the sun. If the hair began to look like a bundle of straw, does not hold the shape in the hairstyle, gets confused, splitthey have faded and even nourishing masks do not save them – this is one of the signs of a lack of vitamins.
Dry and itchy scalp is a sign of vitamin E deficiency, and if dermatitis appears on the scalp, then retinol (vitamin A); or a deficiency of B vitamins, which help nourish the scalp and conduct nerve impulses to the skin.
With excessive oily hair, you need to think about a deficiency of riboflavin, and with severe hair loss, there is usually not enough folic acid or vitamin C. Dandruff appears with a deficiency of vitamins B12 and B6 or unsaturated fatty acids.
In addition, hair suffers from a deficiency of minerals – especially iron and calcium.
Healthy nails grow well and have an even color, smooth, and the skin of the periungual bed is pale pink, without cracks and burrs.
If your nails bend, exfoliate, crack across or along the nail, grow poorly and look pale, turn yellow – most likely, this indicates a deficiency of vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Deep hangnails indicate a lack of vitamin A or vitamin E, and if your fingers are numb, most likely you should make up for the deficiency of B vitamins.
The skin is generally a “mirror” of vitamin deficiency, they reflect the manifestations of a lack of almost all substances that are somehow attributed to vitamins.
- Dry skin on the face, the appearance of wrinkles – small and larger, pallor of the skin – this is a consequence of a deficiency of vitamins E or A, nicotinic acid.
- Oily skin and its flaking may indicate a deficiency of vitamin B2, acne and red spots are a deficiency of fatty acids and, along with them, fat-soluble vitamins. If allergic and other types of dermatitis are frequent, this is a problem with B vitamins and vitamin H (biotin). With its deficiency, there may also be manifestations of hyperpigmentation on the skin – the appearance of brown spots, moles.
- A yellowish skin tone indicates a vitamin B12 deficiency.
The skin of the body also signals problems with vitamins – the manifestation of dryness and goose bumps on the hips and shoulders indicates a lack of vitamins A and E, and long-term bruises, especially in the area of the legs and forearms, indicate problems with skin vessels due to rutin deficiencies ( vitamin P) and vitamin C.
Itching dermatoses of the skin with excessive dryness gives vitamin B deficiency, especially B3 or B6, combined with a lack of iodine.
With a lack of vitamins, problems also arise with the eyes – the usual manifestations of a lack of vitamins are the flickering of flies before the eyes, especially with sudden movements. This is usually caused by vitamin D deficiency.
With a weakening of twilight vision (when you see poorly and navigate in the dark), vitamin A is usually not enough. In addition, symptoms of a deficiency of these same vitamins can be frequent eye inflammation and eyelids, feeling of sand and burning in the eyes, especially in the evening, a frequent manifestation of barley. Circles under the eyes and blood vessels may also develop – add vitamins P and group B to your diet.
Your overall health
There are many more signs of vitamin deficiency that the body signals to us in one way or another:
- very dry or cracked lips, pustules appear in the corners of the mouth,
- the oral mucosa turns pale, the gums may bleed, a whitish coating forms on the tongue,
- appetite suffers – it can be selective, or it can simply decrease,
- a person with a lack of vitamins often gets sick, he has jumps pressurethe tips of the fingers on the hands tremble, in the evening the legs hurt and swell, they can “buzz”,
- frequent episodes headacheinsomnia, a person is irritable and picky about people, does not remember dates and events well.
In such cases, we are not talking about a deficiency of a particular vitamin, since many of them are involved in metabolic processes.
With the manifestation of such symptoms, it’s time to visit your therapist or family doctor, and only together with him, weeding out some diseases that can manifest themselves in a similar way, choose for yourself a complex of vitamins and the form of their intake – tablets, capsules or even injections.