Many women complain about problems with their legs – ugly spider veins appear on them, the venous network appears and the legs look unaesthetic. Many people think that the problem is in the skin, and this is a cosmetic defect, so they do not go to the doctor until complications develop.
But the true cause of the venous network and spider veins on the legs is phlebeurysm. This is a serious disease and it is necessary to treat it with a qualified phlebologist, and carry out cosmetic procedures under his control.
The appearance of a thin network of veins on the skin, similar to asterisks, is the first alarm signal, it usually indicates violations of blood flow in the lower extremities and requires a detailed examination.
They usually appear in the early stages of varicose veins, when blood circulation in some veins is disturbed. A spider vein is an excessively stretched capillary that has appeared under the skin, has lost its natural strength and has stepped into the zone of least tissue resistance.
Even stretching of small vessels is an alarming symptom: it means that larger vessels are also experiencing problems, there are prerequisites for circulatory disorders and congestion in the legs. This can lead to serious complications – inflammation and thrombosis of the veins.
How do vascular problems appear?
An important place in the occurrence of vascular problems is given to hereditary features in the structure of blood vessels and predisposition to the disease. If your close female relatives have similar problems, you are more likely to encounter this problem.
The causes of spider veins can also be hormonal problems. Physical activity will also leave its mark – playing sports, professional dancing, lifting weights, standing for a long time. As a result of stagnation of blood or its additional inflow to the vessels, they may not withstand loads and pressure, which is why their walls stretch, wriggle and show through under the skin.
How to get rid of the venous network?
First of all, an examination by a phlebologist is necessary. A number of general procedures for the treatment and prevention of varicose veins are usually prescribed in the form of drugs to strengthen the walls of the veins, massage, special underwear and tights, as well as procedures for the surgical and cosmetic correction of vein defects.
Before taking on small defects in the form of small spider veins, it is important to quickly and efficiently treat the process in large vessels and deeper veins, which are practically invisible from the outside. After all, if one vein has suffered, more and more new ones will gradually be involved in the process until the process stops or until all veins are affected.
It is irrational to treat external manifestations without eliminating the internal causes of the disease and is fraught with a return and intensification of problems. Therefore, good phlebological clinics usually work on the principle of a tandem of doctors – a phlebologist treats major defects and complications of varicose veins, and a cosmetologist, after treating the underlying disease, struggles with minor cosmetic flaws – asterisks, emerging wreaths.
Beauticians work with defects ranging in size from two to five millimeters, larger defects are eliminated by phlebologists using the vascular sclerosis method. With defects of more than 5 millimeters, only cosmetology is ineffective, you must first treat varicose veins or remove them.
As the process in the deep veins is suspended, it is necessary to correct defects in the skin. In the arsenal of professional cosmetologists, there are several methods for getting rid of the vascular network on the legs. First of all, this is a method of microthermocoagulation, well-proven and time-tested.
The veins are affected by high frequencies of electric current and the vessel is sealed from the inside, no blood enters it, and it becomes invisible. The device makes a puncture in the projection of the affected capillary, a microscopic electrode is inserted, a quick discharge of electric current is applied, closing the lumen of the vessel.
The procedure is similar to mosquito bites, well tolerated by patients. To achieve good results, you need a course of three to six treatments spaced approximately one month apart.
There is a slightly more modern method of removing vascular networks on the legs, called laser coagulation of blood vessels. It has not been used for so long, but it has proven itself quite well. It is based on the same principle – closing the vessel from the inside by exposing the vessel to a laser.
The area of the vessel is affected by a laser beam of a certain wavelength. This beam, without damaging the skin, passes through it, affects the blood and instantly heats it. Blood “brews” the vessel from the inside along the entire length.
Treatment is carried out in courses, a certain surface is treated at a time and the whole procedure lasts from three months to six months. On average, one procedure is done per month, and then the vessels and skin are rehabilitated.
Both methods are approximately equal in efficiency, the results are pronounced and persistent, the spider veins completely disappear. With a laser procedure, the undoubted advantage is the absence of damage and punctures of the skin. After the procedure, no traces remain, and you can lead a normal life without restrictions.
More serious cases
If the defects on the skin are pronounced, it is necessary to consult a surgeon: he may prescribe sclerotherapy. This is a method of introducing a special substance into the vein that completely glues the walls of the vein along its entire length, due to which it becomes empty and ceases to be noticeable. This method is applicable in initial and uncomplicated cases. varicose disease.
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you should refrain from treatment. In other cases, consultation with a doctor is also required.
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