While others are enjoying the first warm days, basking in the rays of the sun, watching with tenderness the return of migratory birds and inhaling the special smell of spring greenery, you realize with horror that, like last year in the off-season, you start to have a runny nose, a sore throat, itching in the eyes, tearing.
And then you again think that it’s all to blame –your immunity, and try to be treated with the best cold medicines. Does not help? This is understandable, because you have a spring allergy. How to prevent its manifestations, read on Goodshapetips.
Types of allergies
An allergy is a reaction of the immune system to an unfavorable irritant that can enter the body from outside or develop in the body itself. The predisposition to allergic reactions is hereditary. In addition, this disease can manifest itself at any age. So everyone can fall into the risk group of “allergy victims”.
And for the manifestation of symptoms, only an irritating factor is enough: a change in temperature, the beginning of flowering, high humidity, stress, taking new drugs, etc.
There are three types of allergies: contact, food and respiratory. However, often people who are prone to allergic reactions experience discomfort from various irritating factors. So, you may have intolerance to certain odors (respiratory allergy), while you may experience itching when eating certain foods (food) and tissue swelling when in contact with certain surfaces (contact).
With exacerbation, as well as complications, allergies can develop into more serious diseases that require long-term treatment. First of all, it is bronchial asthma, angioedema, atopic bronchitis.
You should not put up with the manifestations of allergies, hoping that the symptoms will go away on their own. You should always look for remedies, and for this you need to establish the root causes of allergic itching, rhinitis, cough, etc.
Causes of spring allergies
Spring allergy is usually called pollinosis, since its main cause is pollen (from Latin – pollin). As a rule, flowering begins in April, and therefore the main peak of spring allergies falls on this month. However, do not forget about primroses, which can also cause your feeling unwell.
For most allergy sufferers, about 100 plants can pose a threat. The pollen of birch, alder, maple, hazel, ash, elm, acacia is finer and therefore more dangerous. With increased sensitivity, an allergy can also manifest itself in the flowering of plants with fairly large pollen – for example, conifers.
It should be noted that hay fever can also appear in the summer months, for example, during the flowering of lilies of the valley, ragweed, wormwood, lavender and other plants, so allergy sufferers are unlikely to be able to breathe a sigh of relief. At the same time, it is worth thinking about how you can prevent spring allergies, as well as get rid of them.
Create favorable conditions for protection
Of course, you are unlikely to be able to completely isolate yourself from the outside world, where trees and shrubs “harmful” to you grow. But it is quite possible to work out for yourself a few rules in order to avoid the complications of hay fever.
Rule 1 Take antihistamines. This will help get rid of unpleasant itching, rhinitis, pain in the eyes, as well as other unpleasant symptoms associated with hay fever. At the same time, do not forget that any medication should be agreed with the attending physician. The doctor will be able to help you and get rid of spring allergies with systematic treatment.
Rule 2 Wash your face with plenty of running water after each walk. Pollen settles on the skin hair and clothes, and therefore, when returning home, it is better to take a shower and change clothes to reduce the risk of contact with irritants.
Rule 3 Do not leave windows open without fine mesh on them. It’s better to use ionizers and air conditionersto make indoor air cleaner. This will allow you not to open the windows at all, which means that the access of plant pollen to the rooms will be as limited as possible.
Rule 4 Do not dry clothes on the open balcony. Pollen should never enter your home.
Rule 5 Don’t go out of town. If you want to prevent spring allergies, avoid visiting places where flower stalks grow. If you really can’t live without such trips, then choose places near the water, and also visit them on calm days.
Rule 6 Wash pets, who are often outside. Of course, allergy sufferers rarely have furry pets. However, if your beloved Murka lives in your house, then during the flowering period of plants you will often have to bathe her.
Rule 7 Wear sunglasses, hats, high collars. Limit as much as possible the area of the skin and mucous membranes from contact with pollen.
Rule 8 Be less outdoors on windy days. Here, explanations will be redundant: pollen flying from trees is increasing, which means that the risk is greater.
Rule 9 Do not bring flower stalks into the house yourself. Give up your favorite lilies, lilies of the valley, tulips and other flowers in your apartment. In this case, health requires the rejection of aesthetic beauty. It is better to admire these flowers in a flower bed.
Rule 10 Do it daily wet cleaning – do not leave allergens the slightest chance.
Declare war on allergies!
Declare war on allergies
If you want to get rid of spring allergies, you should start by diagnosing the state of your body in a specialized clinic. An experienced specialist will be able to identify allergens after he conducts an immunological blood test, as well as allergic skin tests.
Treatment is prescribed individually. This may be the use of antihistamines or the introduction of allergens into the body, due to which immunity is developed to them. Wherein prophylactic immunotherapy It will require you to be persistent, because you will have to visit an allergist for several months, but in most cases you can forget about allergies.
There are other ways to get rid of pollinosis, which an allergist can tell you about. The main thing is not to put up with discomfort and look for a way out.
PS Traditional medicine recommends a few weeks before the flowering period to increase the amount of foods with vitamin With and also drink more herbal teas – first of all, from horsetail, wild rose, black currant. This will protect your immunity, which means it will reduce the vulnerability of the body.
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