Sexually transmitted diseases include a group of specific infections transmitted through sexual contact and proceeding in a special way, often without particularly pronounced symptoms. As a result, they are widespread and have extremely adverse consequences, both in terms of health and reproductive function, and in terms of relationships. At the same time, different types of sexual relations may have different degrees of danger in terms of infection.
The safest sexual intercourse is constant intimate relations with a spouse who is absolutely healthy and faithful to you, or the use of intimate toys for self-satisfaction. Safe relationships also include massage and rubbing with bodies, friendly kisses, caresses of the body with the tongue. Having two or more sexual partners increases the risk sexually transmitted diseases.
A low risk of infection occurs when:
- kisses with the penetration of the tongue into the partner’s mouth,
- oral, traditional and anal types of sex with a condom.
Medium risk of infection involves oral sex without a condom with casual partners.
High risk of infection various infections occurs during vaginal or anal contact with a casual partner without a condom.
What is not worth defending?
There is a group of folk methods that are naively counted on by men or women who have had casual or unprotected relationships and who want to protect themselves from intimate infections. These include:
- washing the genitals with soap. Of course, from the point of view of personal hygiene, the remedy is excellent, but it will not save you from infection;
- douching with antiseptic solutions – may reduce the likelihood, but do not completely exclude the possibility of infection.
These methods are not harmless to health, especially with their frequent use, they change the normal microflora of the genital organs, causing vaginosis, and this does not prevent, but, on the contrary, contribute to the development of infection.
Today, the choice of drugs that promise to protect pregnancy and against sexual infections on the shelves of pharmacies is quite wide. However, all drugs from the pharmacy give a maximum of 70% protection. But if infection protection is needed for both partners, discuss the pros and cons of all available remedies with him.
This tool is the most widely used, affordable and easy to use way to prevent pregnancy and infection with sexually transmitted diseases.
Condoms protect against all “delicate” diseases – almost everyone thinks so, except for doctors who know that even a condom does not give a 100% guarantee against infection, its effectiveness in protecting against sexually transmitted infections is only 67-70%.
Some viruses are able to penetrate through the pores of a condom – these are genital herpes, papillomavirus, molluscum contagiosum, according to some sources – hepatitis B virus. In addition, a condom is powerless against syphilis, pediculosis (lice on the pubis) and scabies.
But condoms, except for allergies to latex and lubricants, have practically no contraindications, they do not give side effects, they are more affordable than all other means at a price. However, do not forget about the possibility of its rupture or slipping during the act.
Women fell in love with spermicides – they include many types of pills, creams or ointments. These substances are, in fact, contraceptiveshowever, one of the additional “side effects” of these funds is the fight against pathogens of all sexually transmitted infections and the prevention of infection by them.
However, numerous scientific experiments in the laboratory and their application by many women in practice showed the failure of the manufacturers’ promises. Venereologists recommend using spermicidal agents in combination with condoms for mutual enhancement of action.
- methods of emergency prevention
Sometimes, by chance, prevention must be carried out not before sexual intercourse, but already after unprotected sex has occurred. Then you should take care emergency measuresalthough you should not console yourself with the thought of 100% effectiveness and reliability of such emergency measures.
Doctors usually advise the use in such situations of agents that have a bactericidal effect and destroy viruses and fungi – these are betadine, miramistin, epigen and similar agents. These are means for douching and washing, they usually have convenient bottles with dispensers and detailed instructions.
Remember – these methods should not be used frequently or used for intimate hygiene. Along with harmful microbes, they wash out the beneficial microflora, which helps our immunity to resist diseases. These drugs have a proven effect against gonococci, Trichomonas, herpes virus and pale treponema, the culprit of syphilis.
If, after a few days, you find unpleasant or uncharacteristic symptoms in the genital tract, immediately go to the doctor. Do not use folk remedies or use the advice of friends – this can lead to complications and infertility. And remember that most of the delicate problems today are quickly treated.