Even the strongest and most purposeful woman, who is used to conquering any life difficulties on her own, can be unsettled by health problems. Especially if these problems concern the intimate sphere, cause cosmetic damage and can lead to fatal consequences. We are talking about the human papillomavirus (HPV) – an infection that has become very common in recent years.
According to various data, 70-90% of people of reproductive age are infected with HPV in the world.
Fortunately, HPV infection does not always lead to the development of the disease. There are more than 100 types of different viruses, and only some of them do not harm health.
Some types of HPV lead to the formation of warts on the skin. Warts are benign formations and – except for a cosmetic defect – do not bring other inconveniences.
Human papillomaviruses that infect the organs of the genitourinary system cause us great trouble. Under the influence of a virus on the skin and mucous membranes of the urinary organs genital warts appear – soft flesh-colored formations on the stem, which, growing, become similar in shape to “cauliflower” or “cockscomb”.
Anogenital warts rarely malignant, but cause significant discomfort, are easily damaged, bleed and contribute to the attachment of a bacterial infection.
Cervical cancer and HPV: is there a link?
Cervical cancer in 93% of cases develops as a result of high oncogenic risk HPV infection. The most dangerous of them: types 16,18,45 and 56.
A tiny viral particle, consisting of only 8-10 proteins, invading the cells of the mucous membrane of the cervix, triggers specific processes, leading to the development of dysplasia – a precancerous condition. The transition of dysplasia to cancer occurs under the influence of female sex hormones, namely, one of the products of the chemical transformation of estrogen.
That’s why papillomavirus infection leads to the development of malignant neoplasms mainly in women, and in men it is more often asymptomatic, sometimes manifesting itself as warts or genital warts.
To prevent the development of cervical cancer, timely treatment of HPV is necessary. All women infected with HPV need to visit a gynecologist every six months and undergo an analysis for oncocytology.
What is HPV prevention?
To prevent HPV, unprotected sex should be avoided. A condom significantly reduces the likelihood of infection, but does not provide 100% safety.
Viral particles can be located not only on the skin of the genital organs, but also in the perineum, so infection is possible even with a condom, through microdamages on the skin.
In case of unprotected intercourse it is necessary to contact a medical institution as soon as possible for emergency prophylaxis with the help of special antiseptics and medicines.
remember, that the only reliable way to protect yourself from HPV is to remain faithful within one couple throughout life.
Can HPV be cured?
A healthy and strong immune system has been shown to be able to fight off HPV on its own in some cases. In people younger than 30 years of age, spontaneous recovery from the virus often occurs within 2 years of infection.
The situation is different in people with weakened immune systems. In them, the virus can take root in the body for a long time, becoming invulnerable to the immune system and traditional treatment. A bad prognostic sign is the persistence of the virus in the body for more than 2 years. In this case, we speak of chronic carriage of HPV.
For many years it was believed that it was impossible to completely recover from HPV at this stage. All the efforts of the doctors were aimed at slowing down the process and getting rid of the clinical manifestations of the infection. However, the carriage of the virus persisted, forcing people to live for many years in the “expectation” of a relapse.
Fortunately, science does not stand still, and effective HPV relief schemes have now been developed.
New in HPV treatment
As a result of five years of research at the Research Institute of Molecular Medicine, MMA named after. THEM. Sechenov, domestic scientists created the drug Indinol®, which has antitumor activity. The main active ingredient of Indinol® – indole-3-carbinol – is isolated from plants of the Cruciferous family.
The manufacturers claim that the drug has a dual effect on HPV:
one. Stops the division of cells affected by the virus, thereby stopping the growth of anogenital warts and warts.
2. In complex use with immunomodulators the drug increases the effectiveness of treatment by 2 times and reduces the frequency of relapses by 3-4 times.
In practice, it turned out that in combination with immunomodulators, Indinol® really leads to the effective removal of HPV-infected cells from the body. Indinol® is especially effective in the initial stages of the development of human papillomavirus infection in people with a high risk of chronicity of the process.
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