Hydradenitis

Health Tips

Hydradenitis (bough udder) – inflammation of the sweat glands, most often occurs in the armpits or in the groin.

The causative agents of hidradenitis are staphylococci, which live in large numbers on the skin of the entire body. Under the influence of predisposing factors, these microbes can cause inflammation of the sweat glands, sometimes with the development of a massive purulent process.

Most often, hidradenitis is ill in the summer, during the period of the most active sweating. When shaving, depilation, accidental injuries and scratches of the skin, the infection enters the sweat glands, causing inflammation. Most often this happens when the body is hypothermic, non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, and a decrease in immunity. Sometimes frequent hydradenitis is the first manifestation of developing diabetes mellitus. Sometimes the tendency to develop hidradenitis is inherited.

Symptoms of hidradenitis

In the first stage of the disease, a person feels itching in the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe inflamed gland. To the touch, under the skin of the affected area, a painful seal is felt. Gradually, the symptoms grow: the pain intensifies, there is a feeling of tension, heat in the area of ​​the sweat gland. The size of the edematous infiltrate increases, neighboring glands may be involved in the process. The skin over the focus turns red, gradually acquiring a bluish-purple hue.

Often, especially with inflammation of several glands, the process is accompanied by fever, general malaise, weakness, chills, nausea.

At the peak of inflammation, the intensity of pain becomes maximum. A dark dot appears in the center of the focus – a purulent core. Without treatment, hidradenitis is able to break through on its own, in which case pus is released. With the breakthrough of the abscess, the symptoms of intoxication and the temperature subside, the general state of health improves. The wound heals with the formation of a scar. On average, about 10-14 days pass from the moment the first symptoms appear.

However, sometimes the disease can stretch for a long time. This happens if neighboring glands, hair follicles, subcutaneous fatty tissue are involved in the process. To prevent this from happening, you should not let the process take its course.

Read more: How to get rid of
from hidradenitis

Treatment and prevention of hidradenitis

With the development of the first signs of hidradenitis, taking measures in time, it is possible to prevent the development of purulent complications. At the first stage of the process, you can apply dry heat (a bag of hot sand, salt), alcohol compresses to the affected area. Try to limit movement in the affected area as much as possible.

If hydradenitis has passed into the purulent stage, as evidenced by the formation of a test-like infiltrate under the skin, the appearance of a purulent core, it is impossible to heat the affected area. At this stage, the focus of inflammation is treated with salicylic alcohol, ichthyol ointment. Often there are indications for surgical opening and treatment of the abscess.

From the first days of the inflammatory process, it is recommended to consult a doctor. Antibacterial drugs are almost always prescribed, which facilitate the course of hidradenitis, relieve complications and allow you to cope with inflammation with little effort. In addition, timely treatment by a doctor allows you to avoid rough scars at the site of the opened lesions.

In addition to antibiotics, desensitizing drugs and restorative therapy are prescribed, drugs that accelerate healing.

To prevent hydradenitis, never douse yourself with ice water in the heat, wash your skin thoroughly with soap and water before shaving and handle the razor. In addition, it is recommended to use alcohol-containing deodorants during the summer months, although their choice has recently been very limited.

Photo shutterstock.com

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