Hypnosis: how it happens, for what purposes it is used and when it …

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Our country has been familiar with hypnosis for a long time: already in the 19th century, Russian scientists studied the phenomenon of introducing a person into a trance, presented reports on the results of experiments, and the secular public entertained themselves with sessions of trance and spiritualism.

Only a few methods of working with hypnosis have been described, but in reality, trance and suggestion can be done in many ways and for different purposes. In a simple, popular science classification, hypnosis is easier to divide into the categories of overt (classical) and covert.

For any hypnosis, it is important to dull the vigilance of the mind: in order to inspire something in a person, his consciousness must trust the hypnologist and not critically evaluate his requirements. If a person was warned about immersion in hypnosis and then began to introduce him into a trance using a certain technique, often requiring time, then hypnosis can be classified as classical. How exactly the hypnologist will introduce a person into this state depends on the skill of the specialist. For example, in the series “Insomnia”, which is available on the PREMIER video service, hypnotherapist Yuri (Gosha Kutsenko) monotonously drives the clock in front of the patient’s eyes, asking him direct questions. There are other ways, such as soft touches on the patient’s face.

To rid the patient of bad habits, such as smoking, the hypnologist uses behavioral hypnosis. To work with phobias – cognitive, which helps to get rid of stereotypes of thinking or feelings that dominate a person and interfere with him. For example, one of Yuri’s patients in the TV series Insomnia asks to inspire her with the mindset not to overeat. The hero himself, however, also has a serious problem – insomnia, and he himself cannot cope with it.

“In one session of hypnosis, it is quite possible to solve the patient’s psychosomatic problem: migraine, psoriasis,” says transpersonal psychologist, hypnologist Ekaterina Prokhortseva. You can also deal with procrastination, various phobias: from the fear of flying to the fear of becoming a mother or earning big money. It happens like this: the hypnologist talks during the session with that part of the patient that is sick and asks her: “What function do you perform in Katya’s body?” Prokhortseva explains the procedure. Further, according to her, absolutely surprising answers can follow: “I do not let Katya learn English because her grandmother was afraid that Katya would marry a foreigner. Katya loves her grandmother very much, and if she learns English, she will lose her.” “The psyche can protect a person using its own methods, but there is always a secondary benefit,” the expert explains.

Ericksonian hypnosis

A type of hypnosis invented by the American psychologist Milton G. Erickson. The essence of such hypnosis is that the patient is immersed in a trance state during a normal conversation. The state of a person in Ericksonian hypnosis, rather, resembles half-asleep or immersion in dreams. The hypnologist tells the patient a fairy tale, a parable, or simply paints calm pictures with words. All the time he speaks to the patient through metaphors in which he hides the message.

Such hypnosis is called the most gentle. It is used to treat phobias, addictions, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

“Ericksonian hypnosis does not use pendulums, it more gently and gradually introduces the patient into a trance,” says Ekaterina Prokhortseva about the differences between this method and directive (or classical). “Ericksonian hypnosis goes through relaxation. A person is immersed either in an elevator, or lowered into a mine, or given three boxes to choose from – there are many methods, but the point is for a person to choose a place that is safe for himself, ”explains Prokhortseva. According to her, it is impossible to harm with therapeutic hypnosis – no matter what technique was used, because the psyche cannot be instilled with something that contradicts its moral and ethical values. “The psyche will go into a trance as much as it is ready to be cured,” says the specialist.


It doesn’t always take a long time to put a person into hypnosis. Skilled hypnologists (and scammers) can induce a trance in a few moments, as Yuri from the TV series Insomnia does – with a short phrase or a snap of his fingers. Most often, a person does not have time to realize that he was put into a trance, and then does not remember what exactly happened to him and what thoughts were inspired by him.

Such hypnosis is also called gypsy. Hidden hypnosis can be used in sects and in trainings. As a result, a hypnotized person can lose not only property, but also get a mental injury, warns the author of a book about hypnosis Alexander Filin.

“Hypnologists sometimes use a method of quickly putting a person into a trance. For example, they strongly press on his fingers, and then abruptly release. First, having received a state of shock, and then a sharp relaxation, the psyche calms down and allows the patient to enter a trance. But not all people succumb to such hypnosis – especially without warning, ”says Prokhortseva.

According to her, scammers do not approach random passers-by: they choose those who do not know how to say “no”. They use suggestion through the trauma of debt and guilt: “”I predicted a good future for you, now you owe me something in return.” Therefore, if you did not ask the gypsy to guess or tell you anything about you, you do not owe her anything – say “no” to all her requests, ”recommends Prokhortseva.

Photo: Pexels.com, kinopoisk.ru_

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