In what cases should you contact a urologist (spoiler: this doctor …

Health Tips

When do men need to see a urologist?

An appointment with a urologist is necessary for men if one or more of the following signs are present:

  • Discharge from the urethra. In such cases, we can talk about the presence of diseases transmitted through sexual contact, inflammation of the urethra or prostate as a result of hypothermia. Allocations may indicate a complicated pathology of other organs.

  • Cutting in the urethra, burning and itching. Similar symptoms that occur regularly and intensify over time indicate the presence of a pathology.

  • Complete absence of libido or its decrease.

  • Soreness in the testicles, perineum and lumbar region. If there was no increased physical activity on the eve of the onset of symptoms, urological problems can be suspected.

  • Impaired urination. It is evidenced by the weakening of the jet, the inability to relieve at will, although it occurs pathologically often.

  • Rashes and neoplasms on the penis. These signs most often occur against the background of pathologies transmitted through sexual contact without barrier contraceptives.

  • Erectile dysfunction. This can manifest itself as ordinary fatigue, stressful conditions and lack of sleep, or the problem lies in hormonal failure, diseases of the vascular and genitourinary systems, and internal organs.

  • Asthenovegetative syndrome. In chronic prostatitis, general weakness, deterioration in working capacity often develop, irritability, insomnia appear, sweating increases and the pulse quickens.

  • Changed color of urine, the presence of purulent and bloody inclusions in it or ejaculate.

  • The absence of children in marriage with a full sexual life.

What does a urologist treat in women?

  • Acute and chronic urethritis – Inflammatory processes in the urethra.

  • Cystitis – Inflammation of the bladder caused by infection, reaction to medication, radiation therapy and other causes.

  • Kidney diseases caused by inflammatory processes, infections, obstruction of urine outflow, the presence of stones. In women, a urologist treats inflammation of the kidneys (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis), hydronephrosis (renal dropsy), nephrolithiasis.

  • Prolapse (omission) of the kidneys, bladder and urethra.

  • Urolithiasis.

  • Leukoplakia of the bladder – a precancerous disease in which white spots of altered mucosa form on the bladder wall.

  • Violations of the blood supply to the organs of the urinary systemcaused by diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, hypertension and other diseases.

  • Fistulas of the bladder and ureters – unnatural passages connecting the urinary system with the intestines and vagina.

  • Traumatic lesions and complications of injuries of urological organs.

  • Urinary incontinence (enuresis).

  • Urinary retention.

  • Tumors of the kidneys, bladder, ureters.

  • renal colic – a severe complication of urological diseases, in which the outflow of urine is disturbed. The condition is accompanied by severe pain and spasms.

  • Anomalies in the development of the organs of the urinary system.

What complaints should a woman address to a urologist?

  • Pain, cutting, burning when urinating.

  • Increased urge to go to the toilet.

  • Excretion with urine of blood, pus, turbidity.

  • Urinary incontinence at night or leakage when laughing, sneezing, coughing, exercising.

  • Decrease in the volume of urine excreted.

  • Puffiness. Renal edema is mild, most pronounced in the morning and gradually disappears during the day.

  • Pain and heaviness in the lower back. With kidney disease, discomfort can be given to the sacrum, inguinal region, leg.

  • High, poorly controlled blood pressure.

  • Changes in blood and urine tests, indicating the pathology of the urinary organs.

  • The presence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and vascular disorders. Women with such pathologies need to periodically visit a urologist, even in the absence of complaints.

  • It is necessary to be examined by a urologist in preparation for pregnancy. During the gestation period, the body bears an increased burden on the kidneys and urinary system.

Photo:, pixabay

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