One of the most common types of acute respiratory viral infections is influenza – it is observed in 90% of patients with respiratory viral infections. Unfortunately, every winter season is accompanied by epidemiological outbreaks of this disease. How to recover from the flu quickly and avoid all sorts of complications, Goodshapetips tells the general practitioner.
“I look sad, –
Head hurts in the morning
I sneeze, I’m hoarse.
What’s happened? It’s the flu!”
Each of us knows firsthand what kind of disease it is. Influenza is very common and causes epidemics every year.
It is known that Influenza is most severe in the elderly, young children, and those with weakened immune systems (having serious chronic diseases, immunodeficiencies, etc.).
For the rest, the flu is not so dangerous: a few days of fever, headache, aching muscles, joints, a nasty cough – all this quickly passes, and the person is again “ready for work and defense.”
However, no one wants to take sick leave, toil in bed and expose their family to the danger of “taking over the influenza baton”!
You always want to avoid illness by hook or by crook! And, getting sick, make a miracle, and overcome the flu in a couple of days, instead of the standard seven to ten. But for this you need to know the enemy in person!
The causative agent of influenza is the Mixovirus influenzae virus. This is a small ball containing an RNA molecule and two surface proteins – neuraminidase and hemagglutinin.
This disease-causing agent is very unstable under the influence of environmental factors.
It quickly dies in a dry room, when exposed to disinfectants, when heated and in the sun. However, at low temperatures (-25°C to -70°C) it remains for several years.
During contact with the patient, the virus enters the respiratory system by airborne droplets and invades the epithelial cells (mainly the trachea and large bronchi).
The influenza virus has the ability to multiply very quickly, therefore, the onset of the disease is usually sudden, 12-48 hours after infection.
Enemy combat plan
one. Virus particles, multiplying, destroy the affected cell and go outside, immediately infecting neighboring cells.
From here comes pain and soreness behind the sternum, dry cough.
2. Along the way, the virus leads to the release of biologically active substances and cell decay products, many of which are toxic to the nervous, cardiovascular and other body systems.
Appear weakness, “weakness”, headaches, pain in the eyeballs, especially when moving and pressing on them. Worries aching muscles and joints, photophobia.
The temperature rises, the heartbeat and breathing become more frequent, blood pressure decreases, swelling and bleeding appear.
3. A viral attack leads to a decrease in immunity, the appearance of “holes” in the body’s barrier systems.
Therefore, influenza is often accompanied by an exacerbation of chronic diseases, bacterial complications: runny nose, pneumonia, sinusitis, kidney damage, etc.
Often associated with the flu the appearance of herpes and thrush.
In typical cases, on the 5-7th day of illness, the symptoms begin to regress and gradually disappear.
About the influenza virus
Influenza is typical and atypical (without temperature, intoxication, fulminant).
Cases of atypical influenza are usually isolated, while typical influenza rages during epidemics.
The classic influenza infection is mild, moderate, severe, and extremely severe.
But there is always several signs that allow supposedly to distinguish the flu from other acute respiratory viral infections.
one. The flu has an acute onset and from the first hours it proceeds with a high temperature (above 38 degrees). The temperature lasts 2-5 days.
2. On the first day, runny nose and sore throat are not typical. The appearance of these symptoms is a sign of the addition of a bacterial infection or other acute respiratory viral infections.
Happens with the flu nasal congestion, which is associated with swelling of the mucous membrane.
3. The specific ones are: pain in the frontal region of the head, eyeballs, photophobia and lacrimation. Often occurs aching muscles and joints.
4. Never there is no stool disorder.
five. Influenza may cause nosebleeds, hemoptysis, skin rash.
However, it is reliable The only way to confirm the diagnosis of influenza is by the results of laboratory tests. (detection of antigens to the virus in the blood, swabs from the nasal mucosa, etc.).
Although during an epidemic, such a diagnosis is not required, since the influenza virus is the cause of the disease in 90% of all acute respiratory viral infections.
Since the 1970s, a mass vaccination campaign against influenza has been launched in various countries of the world. Since then these Vaccinations have repeatedly been recognized as the most useless.
After all, it is known that the influenza virus has a huge number of subtypes and continues to mutate. A vaccine made today against one subtype may be completely useless tomorrow against another strain.
In addition, it is not possible to reliably assume which subtypes will cause an epidemic in the next season, and even in different parts of the world.
Unless, of course, we discard the hypotheses about the artificial occurrence of influenza outbreaks by laboratory strains against which the vaccine was prepared in advance.
The effectiveness of influenza vaccines is refuted every year, but advertising does its job, and there are those who want to experiment with their own health.
An injection that unsettles for seven days is a “miniature” disease, and there are no real guarantees against the disease in the current season. The experiment is rather dubious!
This is especially true for influenza vaccination of young children.
But there are many ways of non-specific prevention, the simplest and most effective of which is wearing a gauze bandage during an outbreak!
If this does not suit you, try to prepare in advance for the dangerous season.
You have a large arsenal at your disposal: hardening, taking vitamins, micro and macro elements, plant and synthetic immunomodulators, interferons and their inducers.
Your doctor will help you choose the right remedy.
How to distinguish the flu from a cold?
In the case of influenza, it is strategically important treatment from the first hours of malaise.
But you can usually seek medical help not earlier than by the end of the first – the beginning of the second day. Therefore, you need to be fully equipped.
one. Put on a gauze mask. It will protect your loved ones from infection, and will also help you recover faster.
While wearing a mask, you constantly breathe moist, warm air – this is a kind of natural therapeutic inhalation.
Just don’t forget change the mask every 2-3 hours, and it is better if it is not a one-time paper mask, but made from gauze folded 4-6 times.
2. Try to drink as much as possible. It is advisable to drink 2-2.5 liters of fluid per day.
It can be dried fruit compote, alkaline mineral water (but not more than 1-2 glasses a day), milk, tea with lemon, etc.
3. On the first day, you can take 2.5 g of ascorbic acid, in the future, the dose should be 1 g per day.
It is convenient to dissolve ascorbic acid powders (packed in 2.5 g) in warm tea with sugar.
But remember that ascorbic acid is very easily destroyed at high temperature, shaking, in the light.
Therefore, it is more correct to pour the powder into the already prepared warm and sweet tea immediately before use.
In connection with the peculiarities of assimilation of ascorbic acid, it is useful to drink it in small portions during the day.
4. Antiviral drugs such as rimantadine, arbidol and others should be taken from the first day of illness. Therefore, you will not be mistaken if you start taking them before the doctor arrives.
Remantadine is taken according to the following scheme: on the first day – 300 mg, on the second – 200 mg and on the third – 100 or 200 mg. Children under 12 years of age the drug is contraindicated.
Arbidol – 200 mg three times a day for the first three days from the onset of the disease. On the first day, you can drink a double dose. Children under 6 years of age the drug is contraindicated.
five. Also, before the arrival of the doctor, you need start taking interferon or its inducers: cycloferon, viferon, amixin, etc. These drugs can help only in the first few days of illness.
6. The intake of antipyretics in adults does not depend on the height of the temperature, but on the general condition. If you easily tolerate a fever, do not rush to take antipyretics.
Further treatment and monitoring should be carried out by a doctor. It is imperative to seek medical help, even if you do not need a sick leave and you have “eaten the dog” in matters of flu treatment!
A variety of diseases can be hidden under the guise of influenza: hepatitis, measles, HIV infection, etc. Self-medication in these cases is fraught with serious health consequences.
The doctor individually determines the indications for taking antibiotics for influenza to prevent its bacterial complications.
In addition, patients with severe forms of influenza should be hospitalized. Severe and extremely severe forms of the disease are dangerous for the development of cerebral edema, lungs and other complications, which often lead to death.
However, as you know, the best treatment is prevention! Stay healthy!