An ingrown nail (onychocryptosis) is a cyclic disease in which the lateral part of the nail grows into the tissues of the periungual ridge. Most often, an ingrown toenail forms on the big toe.
At the initial stage of the disease there is pain in the area of the periungual roller, aggravated by walking, pressure. The skin on the finger turns red, becomes hot to the touch, the finger swells, which further exacerbates the problem.
Further infection joins, which leads to increased inflammation and suppuration of the focus. The skin acquires a bluish-purple color, pulsating pains may appear in the area of the periungual ridge, pus is released when pressed.
Attempts to get rid of an ingrown nail on your own usually lead to a aggravation of the process: the shorter the edge of the nail is cut off, the faster it grows into soft tissues.
In the chronic course of the disease, a thickening of the periungual ridge occurs, which creates additional conditions for the ingrowth of the nail plate.
Causes of an ingrown toenail:
- congenital predisposition;
- wearing uncomfortable shoes of a smaller size, with narrow toes, with heels;
- deformity of the foot and toes;
- finger injury;
- inflammatory diseases of the soft tissues of the finger;
- nail fungus;
All these factors lead to deformation of the nail plate, uneven distribution of pressure on it when walking, thickening of the periungual ridge, which ultimately leads to ingrown nails.
Predisposing factors may be:
- too short cutting of nails, rounding of their corners on the legs;
- improperly done manicure and pedicure;
Ingrown toenail treatment and prevention:
- The basic rules of prevention are wearing comfortable shoes that do not constrain your fingers and proper nail care.
- Cut toenails with straight-blade scissors without rounding the corners.
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If you experience discomfort in the area of the periungual roller, you can use the following tips:
In the evenings, take 5-10 minute foot baths with the addition of a string, calendula, a pink solution of potassium permanganate, furacilin. This will help reduce inflammation and prevent infection with germs and fungi.
Several times a day, lubricate the periungual ridges with a solution of chlorophyllipt. In the early stages of the disease, with reddening of the finger, an alcohol compress at night can help.
It is very important to get rid of all possible causes of ingrown nails, especially in the treatment of fungal diseases.
Surgery ingrown nail is to remove part of the nail plate, periungual roller or the entire nail, depending on the stage of the disease.
Lazarus treatment an ingrown nail is the removal of a part of the nail plate with a growth zone and tissues of the periungual ridge, according to indications, using a laser. The advantages are considered to be a more gentle effect on the finger, healing occurs faster, relapses and deformations of the newly growing nail develop less often. With the help of a laser, an antifungal treatment of the affected nail is performed.
Orthopedic methods are represented by various overlays, brackets and springs that fix and lift the edge of the ingrown nail, thereby preventing the development of the disease. Modern devices are small in size, practically invisible to the eye, and do not interfere with wearing habitual shoes. They can be covered with decorative varnish during a pedicure.