A bruise is damage to tissues and organs without tearing the skin. The most common cause of injury: a fall, a blow with a blunt object. A bruise is a closed injury.
Pain appears at the site of the bruise, swelling develops – swelling, the skin turns red, becomes hot to the touch, a bruise (bruise) or hematoma forms under the skin.
Most bruises disappear within 7-10 days without a trace. However, in some cases, a bruise can cause serious problems. Especially dangerous are bruises of the head and internal organs.
At the same time, changes visible to the eye can be minimal, and the consequences are very unpleasant: damage to internal organs, hemorrhage, ruptures, and so on. A bruise in the region of the heart can lead to its stop, bruise of the joints – to hemarthrosis, accumulation of blood in the joint (the joint increases significantly in size, hot to the touch, movements are limited), bruise of the spine – to damage to the spinal cord, disruption of its blood supply, etc. .
If a large hematoma (more than 3-4 cm in diameter) has formed during a bruise, its resorption can be difficult. The hematoma can become infected and cause purulent complications. Hematomas are more difficult to resolve in the elderly.
Therefore, bruises received in the projection of vital organs, bruises of the head and face, injuries in road traffic accidents (hitting the chest or stomach on the steering wheel, etc.), falls from a height should be the reason for urgent medical attention.
- To reduce pain, swelling and hematoma, it is necessary immediately after the injury to apply cold to the bruised area – ice, a cold heating pad, or simply a cloth soaked in cold water, which must be changed as it warms up. Keep cold for about 10-15 minutes, with severe bruises – up to 2 hours.
- Important create peace for the bruised part of the body. When the lower limb is bruised, it is given an elevated position: in the prone position, a pillow or blanket is placed under the leg so that it is slightly above chest level. If the hand is injured, it can be hung on a scarf tied behind the neck.
- On the second day after the bruise, the following methods are used to improve the resorption of the hematoma:
- iodine mesh on the damaged area of the body;
- warming compresses, heating pad with warm water;
- a body sponge, the powder of which is sold in a pharmacy, has a good absorbable effect.
- Dry bodyagi powder should be mixed with water to a doughy state (at least 2 tablespoons of bodyagi powder per 1 tablespoon of water), and this dough should be applied directly to the site of the bruise or smeared on a cloth, which is then applied to the sore spot. However, care should be taken: if it gets into the eyes, bodyaga causes very severe burns!
- In case of severe pain, it is necessary to give the victim an anesthetic and call a doctor.