February has come – according to doctors’ forecasts, it is during this period that the next wave of the influenza virus is expected. As a rule, an influenza epidemic lasts 4-6 weeks and affects almost the entire population. How do you know you have the flu and not a cold? Why is the flu dangerous and how to treat it? Goodshapetips consulted with the doctor.
So what is the flu and how is it different from other viral or bacterial infections? The influenza virus has three subspecies – A, B and C. Influenza A is more severe than its other varieties.
Every autumn there is an active promotion of influenza vaccination, which must be carried out annually. Why annually? The whole reason is that the flu virus is very volatile – it changes every year and doctors are forced to constantly find more and more new ways to deal with it.
The virus is transmitted by airborne droplets. Moreover, one cannot but note its high contagiousness – it develops in almost all people whose respiratory tract it has entered.
incubation period, those. the period during which the disease can manifest itself after entering the body is very short – only 1-2 (maximum – 5) days.
During this period, the virus actively multiplies in the upper respiratory tract and infects the ciliated epithelium, which is covered with villi responsible for purifying the air from dirt, dust, bacteria and viruses, making it easier for viruses and bacteria to enter the body.
It is this feature of the influenza virus that explains the severity of its course and the frequency of complications – any other infection can “sit down” on a weakened body, causing pneumonia or bronchitis.
SARS (this abbreviation combines rhinoviruses, adenoviruses and some other groups of viruses) have a much lower risk of complications, as well as a much lower risk of death.
Influenza can be distinguished from other SARS not only by isolating it from the blood, but also by the symptoms of the disease. Influenza always begins acutely, often the patient can name not only the day and time of day when he fell ill, but also the hour of the onset of the disease.
The first symptoms are chills, body aches, photophobia, a sharp rise in temperature (it can reach 40 degrees), headache and muscle pain.
Never in the first day there will be a runny nose – if it all starts with him, then this is definitely some other infection. With ARVI, the picture is smoother, the onset of the disease can last for several days, and the temperature usually rarely exceeds 38 degrees.
Approximately on the second day, a cough joins, usually dry, but may also produce sputum. Often the cough is painful, “barking”. The influenza virus infects the vascular wall, so a rash in the form of pinpoint hemorrhages, bleeding from the nose, gums is not uncommon with influenza, which is not typical for other SARS.
Usually, influenza passes the acute phase in 3-5 days and complete recovery occurs on the 7-10th day. But this is only if complications do not develop. Such as pneumonia, bronchitis, sinusitis.
Also, against the background of the flu, chronic diseases can worsen, cardiovascular disorders appear, the normal composition of the blood can change, up to the development of leukemia in children.
Unfortunately, the flu can also end in death – the mortality rate in the world is 0.2% (considering that during the epidemic almost everyone gets the flu, quite a lot of losses are obtained).
Influenza is most severe in debilitated people, the elderly and children. Death can occur from intoxication and, as a result, multiple organ failure, hemorrhage in vital organs, pneumonia, or cardiovascular failure.
After an influenza virus, the risk of re-infection remains high for 3 weeks, because the body is weakened and easily accessible to attack by other viruses and bacteria. And, of course, everyone is concerned about the question –
Of course, in the shortest possible time it is necessary to consult a doctor and remain under his supervision until the very end of the disease in order to avoid complications or undesirable consequences.
It is necessary to treat influenza from the very first hours of the disease in order to increase the effectiveness of treatment and prevent the reproduction of the virus in the body. So, here
a few rules:
Plentiful drink – it will help the body withstand high temperature and intoxication
Antivirals such as Tamiflu
Means to reduce the temperature (to bring down the temperature only above 38 degrees) – ranging from natural (such as raspberry tea, honey) to chemical ones – Coldraks, Aspirin, Paracetamol and others
Antiallergic (antihistamine) drugs – “Claritin”, “Suprastin”, etc., because. any virus can cause an allergic reaction
I would like to focus on errors in the treatment of influenza:
Never with the flu do not start treatment with antibiotics – Antibiotics do not act on viruses, but destroy only the bacterial flora
Do not start taking immunomodulators – such as Immunal, Bronchomunal, Interferon, Galavit, etc. during the period of maximum temperature.
Temperature is the reaction of our body to a pathological agent. The higher it is, the better our immunity. Stimulating the immune system with immunomodulators, we will only lead to an increase in the already high temperature.
It makes sense to start taking vitamins only after the temperature normalizes. – against the background of intoxication, they simply will not be absorbed
The flu is a serious illness, so don’t take it lightly. I want to wish all readers: let the flu pass you by, but if this disease still overtakes you, then be fully equipped to fight the disease!
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