Intercostal neuralgia (thoracic sciatica) is an acute disease associated with damage to the intercostal nerves.
The causes of intercostal neuralgia can be various diseases and conditions. As a rule, neuralgia occurs against the background of thoracic osteochondrosis, under the action of additional causes: hypothermia, colds, sudden movement, prolonged stay in a forced position, and so on. A similar condition can occur at any age, but more often develops in people older than 40-50 years.
Symptoms of intercostal neuralgia
With an awkward movement, bending over, or for no apparent reason, there is a sudden sensation of a burning sharp pain in the chest. Often this symptom is accompanied by numbness of the skin of the chest or back. The pain is aggravated by deep breathing, sneezing, coughing, body movements, makes you take a forced position.
When probing the chest along the intercostal spaces, possibly also along the spine, pain occurs.
Often, pain in neuralgia is perceived as heart pain. In this case, it is necessary to make a cardiogram of the heart (ECG) to exclude the pathology of the cardiovascular system.
In any case, you should consult a doctor to diagnose the disease. Only a doctor, with an objective examination and the appointment of additional studies, will be able to accurately diagnose, excluding other causes of pain.
Treatment of intercostal neuralgia
For the treatment of intercostal neuralgia, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs are used, as well as metabolic therapy: vitamins. Vitamins of group B have proven themselves especially well in the treatment of neurological diseases.
Outwardly, ointments and gels with NSAIDs, warming rubbing, pepper patch are used. As prescribed by the doctor, novocaine blockade can be carried out: chipping the site of the lesion with an anesthetic.
At the height of the disease, bed rest is recommended, you need to sleep on a hard surface.
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