Intestinal dysbacteriosis is a clinical and laboratory syndrome characterized by a change in the number, species composition and ratio of various microbes throughout the small and large intestines.
Usually dysbacteriosis accompanies other diseases and is their consequence. For example, dysbacteriosis in gastritis, pancreatitis, cholelithiasis, etc.
Also, dysbacteriosis can occur with errors in the diet, a sharp change in nutritional culture, nutritional deficiencies or, conversely, excessive food intake, with hormonal disruptions, immune disorders, after intestinal infections, when taking certain drugs (antibiotics, hormonal drugs, drugs that reduce stomach acidity ) and etc.
Signs of dysbacteriosis
- unstable chair,
- bloating, flatulence, bloating,
- rumbling and pain in the abdomen,
- bitterness in the mouth, hepatitis.
Manifestations from other organs:
- frequent cystitis, urolithiasis, pyelonephritis;
- inflammatory diseases in gynecology;
atherosclerosis and hypertension;
food allergies, frequent colds;
- beriberi and obesity;
bronchial asthma and chronic bronchitis;
anemia, weakness, fatigue, irritability, depression, poor sleep;
- skin and oncological diseases.
However, despite such a number of symptoms, dysbacteriosis is not a separate disease. This is a syndrome that is often hidden under various names of syndromes: irritable bowel syndrome, bacterial overgrowth syndrome in the small intestine, microbial contamination disorder of the large intestine, intestinal dysbiosis, etc.
- sowing feces for dysbacteriosis;
- sowing aspirate of small intestine contents or biopsy of the wall of the small intestine. In this case, we obtain data on the state of the flora in the small intestine. But such a diagnosis is rarely used;
- gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. For analysis, the contents of the intestine are used, in which the concentration of substances is determined – the waste products of microflora, and then a conclusion is made about its qualitative and quantitative composition;
- breath tests, when the waste products of bacteria are determined in the exhaled air.
For the treatment of dysbacteriosis, it is necessary, first of all, to get rid of factors that interfere with the development of normal microflora in the intestine: quit smoking and alcohol, normalize the diet, enriching it with fiber, dairy products, and vitamins. Eat food by the hour, do not abuse delicacies, giving preference to familiar foods. Don’t experiment with diets either. After all, in the end, only those microbes that we feed grow in our intestines. And what we feed them depends on their species composition, growth rate, and so on.
Probiotics contain microorganisms from among the beneficial inhabitants of the intestine (symbiotic bacteria), as well as their metabolic products. Taking preparations and dietary supplements from this group, we strive to populate the intestines with “necessary lodgers”.
Prebiotics do not contain microorganisms themselves, but create good conditions for their life. As a rule, these preparations consist of oligosaccharides, enzymes, acids and other substances that are used in food by the intestinal microflora or have a stimulating effect on its growth and development.
In addition, for the treatment of dysbacteriosis, paradoxically, antibiotics, sorbents and other drugs that improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract are prescribed. Therefore, you should not be treated on your own, sorting through all the possible medicines on the shelves of pharmacies: the choice of probiotics and prebiotics is now very large. Treatment will be more effective if it is carried out under the supervision of a doctor and includes complex therapeutic measures.