Proper care of the intimate areas of the body is the key to women’s health. And in the conditions of modern megacities and unfavorable ecology, this has become more relevant than ever. More and more new hygiene products for modern women are constantly being developed, which makes their life more comfortable and convenient.
However, not all women know about proper care for the genital area. But mistakes in hygiene can lead to quite serious violations in reproductive health.
Washing is part of daily hygiene, it must be done in the morning and evening, as well as before and after sexual intercourse. Many women constantly wash themselves with intimate soap, often antibacterial, which makes a big mistake.
The vagina has its own microflora with a slightly acidic environment that is sensitive to soap alkalis, and antibacterial additives kill beneficial lactobacilli, making room for opportunistic microbes. With frequent use of intimate soap, bacterial vaginosis (vaginal dysbiosis) and thrush.
Wash with enough running warm water: in the morning you can use soap, the rest of the time – without it. Direct the stream of water to the perineum and wash it in the direction from the pubis to the buttocks, as the reverse movement contributes to the reflux of microbes from the anal area into the vagina.
After the hygiene procedure, the perineum should be blotted with a cotton napkin or towel, which is used exclusively by a woman and only for washing. The towel should be changed every 2-3 days, and in case of thrush or other diseases, it is better to blot the perineum with disposable towels. On ordinary towels, a humid environment is created, and microbes remain viable.
If the water is turned off at home or you are on a trip, use wet wipes specifically for intimate hygiene. However, you should not get carried away with them – they also affect the microflora due to antimicrobial components.
Of course, lace panties made of elastic synthetic lace are beautiful and sexy, and thong panties with thin ropes are attractive. But such underwear is very harmful in terms of women’s health.
Thongs actively rub the area of the genital slit, and due to translational movements along the perineum, microbes are brought from the anus into the area of the genital slit. Those who wear such underwear all the time are more likely to experience thrush and various inflammation.
The same applies to wearing synthetic underwear – it does not allow the skin to breathe, especially under tight clothing, which disrupts the natural ventilation of the skin and causes a greenhouse effect. This leads to the growth of opportunistic flora, irritation and inflammation of the vagina and appendages.
Such underwear should be worn on a date, under transparent things, and for constant wear it is better to choose hygienically correct underwear – cotton panties with a wide cotton gusset.
If you choose lace or thongs, pay attention to the gusset: the place where the panties touch the crotch should be fabric, cotton.
It is necessary to change underwear daily, and in case of discharge – twice a day, it is advisable to wash panties separately from other underwear.
Panty liners are certainly convenient – especially in the last days of menstruation or ovulatory flow. In addition, a woman may experience slight discharge during the day, and the pads do not allow the linen to get dirty.
But wearing them in a constant mode is not recommended – the pad does not allow the skin of the perineum to breathe, since its base is a waterproof material.
Everydays must be changed every 3-4 hours so that pathogenic microbes do not multiply on them in heat and humidity.
Hygiene on critical days
Today there are many means for intimate hygiene on critical days. What tool do you prefer? Depends on the volume of your discharge, the day of your period and the circumstances, the type of clothing, the ability to change clothes and, of course, your preferences.
Usually a woman’s choice is between using tampons and pads. Each hygiene product has its pros and cons. Of course, tampons are invisible under tight-fitting clothes, the skin of the perineum does not sweat from them and breathes, you can wear a short skirt or tight-fitting trousers with them.
However, they create a nutrient medium in the vagina for infection, and in case of bacterial-inflammatory infections, it is completely forbidden to use them. In addition, they need to be changed much more often, they can leak at the most inopportune moment, and it is not always convenient to change them, especially outside the home.
Pads come in different shapes, sizes and compositions: with gel, mesh, impregnation and fragrance – the choice is yours, but the more natural the materials of the pad, the less chance of irritation.
The pad must be chosen taking into account the discharge and worn for no more than 4-5 hours, since the germs released along with the menstrual discharge can multiply and cause skin irritation and infection. Before changing the pads, you should wash yourself, and if it is not possible, at least use a napkin for intimate hygiene.
Today, the so-called caps or menstrual cups. This modern invention is a cross between a tampon and a pad, and this is a reusable device, it is sterilized by ordinary boiling or immersion in a disinfectant solution.
A menstrual cup, or mouthguard, is a small funnel made of medical-grade silicone or flexible plastic that is custom-sized and fits into the vagina. Menstrual blood is collected in the funnel. Several times a day, the cup is carefully removed and the liquid poured out. The mouth guard is then disinfected and placed in place. At the same time, the cap is not felt inside the body and does not interfere with normal life and work.
The device is hygienic and helps to save on pads and tampons. But not all women notice its convenience the first time, it takes time to get used to its use and administration, for some women it is not suitable for health reasons or is simply uncomfortable.
Contraindications: inflammation, a ban on their use from a gynecologist due to problems in the genital area, bowls should not be used for postpartum bleeding (lochia) and for allergies to medical silicone.