Irritable bowel syndrome: symptoms, treatment and what does it have to do with …

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Symptoms that your intestines are irritated

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex of functional disorders of the digestive system that lasts more than three months. This disease occurs in 10% of the population (mainly in people of working age). At the same time, women suffer from it more often than men.

The most common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in adult women and men usually look like this:

  • abdominal pain and cramps, which often improve after a bowel movement;
  • the formation of a large amount of gases;
  • the appearance of mucus from the rectum;
  • constipation or diarrhea;
  • feeling of incomplete emptying after a bowel movement;
  • bloating and distension of the abdomen, passing after going to the toilet.

Symptoms often worsen after eating, and the aggravation may last for several days, after which the situation gradually improves.

In addition to the manifestations associated with the gastrointestinal tract, there are a number of other conditions that at first glance have nothing to do with the intestines:

  • frequent urination;
  • headache;
  • bad breath;
  • constant fatigue;
  • pain during intercourse in women;
  • irregular menstruation.

The effect of stress on the occurrence of IBS

Certain behavioral factors play an important role in the development of irritable bowel syndrome:

  • frequent overwork;
  • neurological disorders (insomnia, depression, stress); constant overeating;
  • malnutrition (abuse of strong tea and coffee, lack of fiber in the diet, eating fatty and spicy foods);
  • non-compliance with the daily routine;
  • excessive physical activity.

Diagnosis of IBS is based on the manifestation of characteristic symptoms and the timing of the onset of pain. It is important to exclude other pathological disorders using instrumental studies:

  • microscopy of feces and culture of microflora (to exclude infection);
  • blood tests:
  • general studies, liver function tests (ALT, AST), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and serological tests for celiac disease;
  • Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity (to exclude stones and other diseases of the biliary tract);
  • endoscopy and intestinal biopsy (exclusion of stomach ulcers, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease and malignant tumors).

Therapy for irritable bowel syndrome

If the patient has some alarming symptoms (weight loss, rectal bleeding, vomiting), a diagnostic examination should be carried out as soon as possible. In order for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome to be effective, it is necessary to perform a set of measures:

  • undergo therapy for neurosis (to get rid of an anxiety-depressive state);
  • switch to diet food (soups, dairy products, low-fat meals);
  • include vegetable fiber in the diet (lettuce, carrots, beets, celery, pumpkin, zucchini);
  • exclude foods that increase symptoms (coffee, alcohol, rye bread, cabbage, radish);
  • take the necessary medications prescribed by the attending physician;
  • conduct reflexology, electrosleep and neurosedative massage.

Important! IBS can become chronic, so its treatment is to treat the neurotic disorder that led to its onset. All other methods using diet, drugs and nutritional supplements only remove the symptoms, but do not eliminate the cause of their occurrence – chronic anxiety. Unfortunately, there is no folk remedy that would help with IBS.

With this disease, the usual organization of life can help: daily routine (waking up and going to bed at the same time), sufficient rest, adherence to eating habits, regular, but not excessive physical activity.

In IBS, it is also important to eliminate or minimize factors that exacerbate the symptoms of the disease. To do this, you can keep a diary and record the body’s reaction to physical activity, different foods, and a change of scenery. This will help to find out what exactly causes an exacerbation of the disease in order to avoid it in the future.

If symptoms of IBS appear, you should consult a gastroenterologist. It should be noted that the therapy of IBS is difficult due to insufficient study of the mechanism of the onset and development of the disease. At the moment, it has not yet been possible to develop a single treatment regimen, so an individual tactic is selected for each patient.

Photo: Pexels.com

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