How many different diseases lie in wait for us in the cold season! Not surprisingly, many of them are accompanied by cough, sore throat and other symptoms. Today Goodshapetips will talk in detail about what laryngitis is – a disease in which it is recommended to remain silent.
What is laryngitis?
Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx that can be caused by colds or infectious diseases, simple hypothermia, inhalation of cold and dusty air through the mouth, and excessive tension in the muscles of the larynx when singing or screaming loudly.
Adult patients, due to strong immunity and the ability of the nasopharynx to perfectly filter all microbes and viruses that get there, are usually limited to serious discomfort in the larynx. Children endure laryngitis somewhat harder, but we will talk about this separately.
Symptoms of laryngitis in adults
With laryngitis, the larynx, vocal cords and the initial sections of the trachea are primarily affected. If the inflammation also concerns the latter, then the disease is called laryngotracheitis.
The first symptom is a hoarse voice, and then its complete disappearance is possible. In parallel with this, the throat dries up, perspiration appears, and soon a dry, “barking” cough occurs, which is difficult to confuse with any other type of cough.
In the absence of adequate treatment, pain develops very quickly when swallowing, and difficulty in breathing is also possible. In almost every case, the body temperature rises (although usually not reaching critical values), and the general well-being of the patient also worsens.
One thing is certain – in the near future it is necessary to consult a doctor and get detailed recommendations for treatment.
But what needs to be done immediately at the first symptoms of laryngitis is to almost completely shut up. Protecting the vocal cords is absolutely necessary, and this applies not only to singers, announcers and masters of the colloquial genre. We’ll have to remember that talking even in a whisper carries no less load on the vocal cords than a full-fledged and loud speech.
Types of laryngitis and their symptoms
The most common and safest is catarrhal laryngitis. At hypertrophic laryngitis small seals form on the vocal cords, called “singer’s nodules”, when they grow, sometimes it is necessary to cauterize them with silver nitrate or even resort to surgery.
This type of laryngitis is often also called professional, since it often accompanies singers, teachers, people who are forced to talk a lot and loudly. By the way, Don Vito Corleone from the famous movie “The Godfather” had a similar voice.
At atrophic laryngitis there is a thinning of the mucous membrane of the larynx. Such a symptom is characteristic of the peoples of the Caucasus, who prefer the constant use of spicy and generously seasoned food.
In addition, laryngitis can develop as a complication of certain diseases. Yes, allocate tuberculous, diphtheria And syphilitic laryngitis.
How to treat laryngitis
In order to avoid the transition of the inflammatory process into a chronic form and to prevent the development of stenosis of the larynx, it is absolutely necessary to use medications – primarily antibiotics. This opinion is now unanimously shared by all medical specialists in ENT pathology.
So, antibiotics are clearly indicated when the following symptoms occur:
- sputum when coughing has a purulent character
- when viewed on the mucous membrane of the larynx, fibrinous crusts are noticeable
- stenosis of the larynx
- protracted course of the disease
- tendency to relapse
The latest generation cephalosporins are most preferred. Doctors may prescribe medications such as cefepime, cefotaxime, or ceftriaxone to the patient.
With a protracted course of the process or the presence of complications, broad-spectrum antibiotics, namely carbapenems, are included in the course of treatment. If there is a risk of stenosing laryngitis, it is advisable to take antibiotics such as macrolides: Azithromycin, Josamycin, Roxithromycin.
In addition, with all varieties of laryngitis, expectorant drugs of reflex action are very effective: alkaline drink, infusions of marshmallow or thermopsis, a 3% solution of potassium iodide.
In the acute form of viral laryngitis, it is necessary to take anti-inflammatory and bactericidal drugs: Bioparox, Erespal, Fusafungin.
Sometimes, to prevent stenosis of the larynx, the doctor may recommend taking antiallergic drugs to reduce swelling. It can be, for example, Suprastin or Loratadin. But it should be remembered that these drugs can contribute to overdrying of the mucous membrane of the larynx, and you need to be very careful to prevent this.
Antipyretic or antitussive drugs are used strictly as needed, in accordance with the symptoms present.
With a “barking” cough, inhalations help well with a simple nebulizer device. In such cases, spray Ambroxol, Fenistil, Codeine, Libexin or Ceritisin.
Folk remedies for laryngitis
It is very good if it is possible to use “grandmother’s” recipes that have been tested for centuries. But just do not forget, traditional medicine works great only in combination with traditional drug treatment. The main principle of any physician is: do no harm, so we will consider home remedies not as an alternative to medicines, but as an opportunity to safely and effectively speed up the healing process.
Strong healers can be simple and familiar vegetables, plants and herbs. First of all, let’s turn to rinsing. For example, gargling with beetroot juice. You just need to squeeze a glass of beetroot juice and add a tablespoon of table vinegar to it, gargle with this solution 5-6 times a day.
You can insist 10 g of herbs and flowers of oregano in 200 ml of boiling water and take this infusion for a quarter cup three times a day after meals. In addition, by infusing 20 g of nettle in four glasses of hot water, you can get a truly unique remedy, drinking which during the day, you can significantly reduce all the main symptoms of laryngitis.
When coughing, infusions from marshmallow root or from pine buds help well.
8 g of marshmallow root is boiled in a glass of water, cooled and taken in a tablespoon 6 times a day. As for pine buds, a tablespoon of this coniferous miracle is infused in a glass of boiling water and then drunk 1-2 sips when coughing. According to exactly the same principle, an infusion of plantain herb is prepared and taken, and we can say that the cough is over!
In conclusion, I would like to remind you that alternative methods of treatment may not be enough for a quick and complete recovery. Therefore, even if you did not go to the doctor on the very first day of the disease, but began to be treated on your own, but within a week you did not feel better, and even pain appeared that radiated to the ear – there is only one way out: urgently see an otolaryngologist!